Coins from Cilician Satrapy
Cilicia was conquered sometime in the 540's BC by Cyrus the Great. Under the Persian empire Cilicia was apparently governed by tributary native kings who bore a Hellenized name or the title of "Syennesis", but it was officially included in the fourth satrapy by Darius.
A vassal king had to pay a tribute of 360 horses and 500 talents of silver, according to Herodotus.
Xenophon found a queen in power, and no opposition was offered to the march of Cyrus the Younger.
Female head (Aphrodite?) facing left, wearing wreath of reeds, earring and necklace of pearls/beads
Female head facing forwards, wearing stephane (headdress) and pearl/beaded necklace
king with bow and dagger right
head of Hermes left, wearing petasos
Ref: Troxell & Kagan –; SNG France –; SN...
Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre
lion attacking stag left
Ref: Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329;...
Baal seated left, holding sceptre; B'LTRZ // T in Aramaic
lion bringing down bull left, attacking with teeth and claws; MZDI in Aramaic
Ref: cf. Casabonne series 2, group A; cf...
Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace
Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet
Ref: SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante ...