Shiraz - A settlement in Persis
Shiraz lies in Pars Province, a central area for Persian civilisation. The ruins of Persepolis, about 2500 years old, are about 60 km.

The earliest reference to Shiraz is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. The name Shiraz also appears on clay sealings found at Qasr-i Abu Nasr, a Sassanid ruin, east of the city, (2nd century AD). As early as the 11th century several hundred thousand people inhabited Shiraz. Cuneiform records from Persepolis show that Shiraz was a significant township in Achaemenid times.

There is mention of a city at Shiraz during the Sassanid era, (2nd to 6th century AD) in the 10th century geographical treatise Hudud ul-'alam min al-mashriq ila al-maghrib, which reports the existence of two fire temples and a fortress called "Shahmobad".

The city became a provincial capital in 693, after the Arab invaders conquered Istakhr, the nearby Sassanian capital. As Istakhr fell into decline, Shiraz grew in importance under the Arabs and several local dynasties. The Buwayhid dynasty (945 — 1055) made it their capital, building mosques, palaces, a library and an extended city wall.

Modern location: Shiraz, Iran

(1) Khusro II 590-628 AD
Obverse: Bearded bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star in crescent
Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar; on either side of altar, attendant facing
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