Tyana - A settlement in Cappadocia
Tyana was an ancient city in Cappadocia. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

It is the reputed birthplace of the celebrated philosopher (and reputed saint, god, or magician) Apollonius of Tyana in the first century AD. Ovid (Metamorphoses VIII) places the tale of Baucis and Philemon in the vicinity. According to Strabo the city was known also as "Eusebeia at the Taurus". Under Roman Emperor Caracalla, the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra, it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollonius appeared to him, pleading for its safety.

In 372, Emperor Valens split the province of Cappadocia in two, and Tyana became the capital and metropolis of Cappadocia Secunda. In Late Antiquity, the city was also known as Christoupolis ("City of Christ").


Modern location: Kemerhisar, three miles south of Niğde, Turkey

(1) Ariarathes VII 106 BC
Obverse: Diademed head right
Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / ΦIΛOMHTOPOΣ, M / K / IA
Ref: SNGCop 141
(2) Caracalla 212-213 AD
AE unit Tyana
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT KAI M AVP AN_TΩNINOC
Reverse: Zebu bull left; ANT KOΛΩNEIAC TYANΩN / ET IC
Ref: SNG LEWIS 1727