Samosata — A settlement in Syria
Samosata was an ancient city on the right (west) bank of the Euphrates. It was founded by Sames, a king of Armenia.

For a time, the city was called Antiochia in Commagene. As Antiochia in Commagene, it served as the capital for the Hellenistic kingdom of Commagene from c. 160 BC until it was surrendered to Rome in 72. A civil metropolis from the days of Emperor Hadrian, Samosata was the home of the Legio VI Ferrata and later Legio XVI Flavia Firma, and the terminus of several military roads.

Ancient Samosata continues to the present day as the Turkish town of Samsat. The old town of Samsat was submerged in 1989 under the Ataturk Dam. A new town bearing the same name was built for the population dislocated by the sinking of the old town.

Modern location: Submerged
An AE uncertain struck 138-161 AD in Samosata
Obverse: ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑΙ ΤΙ ΑΙΛ ΑΔΡΙ ΑΝΤⲰΝƐΙΝΟϹ ϹƐΒ ƐΥϹƐ, laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.

Reverse: Φ ϹΑΜΟϹΑΤ ΙƐΡ ΑϹΥ ΑΥΤΟΝΟ ΜΗΤΡ ΚΟΜ, turreted Tyche seated on rock, l., holding poppy and two ears of corn, resting arm on rock, resting foot on swimming river-god (Euphrates)

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 11.12 g
No notes for this coin
RPC Online IV.3, 5749 (temporary)
An AE unit struck 117-138 AD in Samosata
Obverse: Laureate head right; AΔPIANOC_CEBACTOC

Reverse: Within wreath: ΦΛA / CAM / MHTPO / KOM

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.68 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 17, BMC 20, SGICV 1235
An AE Sestertius struck 244-249 AD in Samosata
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; AVTOK K M IOVΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB

Reverse: City goddess left seated on rocks, holding grain ears, facing eagle standing on her right hand, below pegasos left; ΦΛ CAMOCATEWN METPOΠ KOM

Diameter: 32 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 20.9 g
No notes for this coin
BMC Galatia pg. 122, 47; SNG Copenhagen -
An AR Antoninianus struck 258-260 AD in Antioch | Samosata
Obverse: SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: SPES PVBLICA. Spes standing left, holding hem of skirt and presenting flower to prince, standing right in military attire, holding spear.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC 36
An BL Antoninianus struck AD 255-256 in Samosata
Obverse: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right

Reverse: PIETAS AVGG, Valerian and Gallienus standing facing each other, sacrificing over altar

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.69 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 285; RSC 152; Sear 9955
An BL Antoninianus struck 254-255 AD in Emesa | Samosata
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG

Reverse: turreted woman standing right, presenting wreath to Valerian standing half left, wearing military dress, holding scepter; RESTITVT ORI_ENTIS

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.4 g
1st emission
RIC 286var (Büste), RSC 188var (dito), MIR 1677e.
An AR Antoninianus struck 255-259 AD in Samosata | Emesa
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; VALERIANVS NOBIL CAES

Reverse: Valerian II standing half right with head left, crowning trophy to the left with wreath holding shield and spear; PRINC IVVENT_VTIS

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.98 g
No notes for this coin
Göbl MIR 1694b, RIC V 49, RSC IV 67, SRCV III 10735