European Medieval Coins
In Western Europe, the Medieval Period can be roughly said to last from the fall of the Western Roman Empire and until the start of the Rennaisance in the 15th Century.

European medieval coinage can be roughly divided in three uneven categories; the post-antique period, the Carolingian revolution, and finally the later medieval period, which saw the birth of both merchant city-states and larger ‘nation-states’ like England, France or Castile.

Later work will see this category fleshed out more, and maybe split up if necessary.
European Medieval
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An AR Short-cross penny struck 978 - 1016 AD in Winchester
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Denier struck c. 1149-1233 AD in Antioch
Obverse: BOAMANDVS / Helmeted bust left, crescent in front star behind

Reverse: ANTIOCHIA around cross downward crescent in 2nd quarter

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1299-1301 AD in London
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.35 g
No notes for this coin
Spink 1408
(4) Ferdinand I
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An AR Denar struck 1544 in Pannonia
Obverse: Crowned Madonna (Virgin Mary) seated, holding baby Jesus, K-B in field, around PATRONA• - •VNGARIE

Reverse: Coat-of-arms within circle, around FERDINAND•D•G•R•VNG•1544

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Huszár 935 | Unger 55 | C.III.40
(5) Francesco Dandolo
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An AR Soldino struck 1329-1339 AD in Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: Doge kneeling left with banner /+ FRA DAN DVLO DVX

Reverse: Nimbate lion of St. Marko standing left, holding banner / + S MARCVS VENETI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.94 g
No notes for this coin
Gamberini 75; Paolucci p. 27, 4
(6) Fulk IV | Fulk V
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An AR Denier struck 11-12th Century in Angers
Obverse: +FVLCO COMES, Cross at center with Alpha and Omega in the 3rd and 4th quadrants

Reverse: +VRBS AIDCCSuncertain symbol, Fulk monogram at center

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 0.77 g

Count of Anjou, France
AR Denier, Angers mint

Dated to the reign of Fulk IV-Fulk V, some have argued as late as the succeeding Geoffrey V Plantagenet

Fulk V would go on to be a crusader under the Knights Templar and eventually King of Jerusalem from 1131-1143

These people are possibly my Great x28, x27, and x26 Grandfathers respectively.

Translations

Obverse: "Count Fulk"
Reverse:"City of Angers"

Roberts 4114
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An AR Denier struck 1285 - 1306 AD in Cyprus
Obverse: Cross pattée in a solid ring with inscription around it. Solid ring on the rim.

Reverse: Lion of Cyprus facing left and in a ring. Inscription around it and another ring on the rim.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1216-1272 AD in Canterbury
Obverse: HENRICVS REX III / Crowned facing bust, sceptre in right hand

Reverse: ROB ERT ONC ANT /

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.33 g
Moneyer Robert
5c2
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1247-1279 AD in London
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.47 g
Moneyer Henri
5c
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1216-1272 AD in London
Obverse: hENRICUS REX:III / crowned facing bust

Reverse: NIC/OLC/ONL/VND / voided long cross, with trefoil in each quarter

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
From The Brussels Hoard Type 3d1
No references provided for this coin
(11) Henry VI
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An AR Penny struck 1422-1427 in Calais
Obverse: HENRICVS REX ANGLIE, Crowned bust of Henry facing, annulets in fields

Reverse: VILLA CALIS, Long cross, three pellets in each quadrant, an anulet also in the 1st and 4th quadrants

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 0.8 g

King of England and disputed King of France
AR Penny, Calais mint

S 1845
(12) Hetoum I
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An AE Tank struck 1226 - 1270 AD in Cilicia
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Gros struck 1324-1359 in Nicosia
Obverse: Hugh seated facing, holding scepter and globus; B to left.

Reverse: Jerusalem cross.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus. Hugh IV (1293?96 – 10 October 1359) was crowned as King of Cyprus at Saint Sophia Cathedral, Nicosia, on 15 April or 25 April 1324. In the same year, on 13 May, he was crowned at Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Famagusta as Titular King of Jerusalem (as Hugh II). In 1344, he joined a league with Venice and the Knights Hospitaller which burnt a Turkish fleet in Smyrna and captured the city. In 1345 the allies defeated the Turks at Imbros by land and sea, but Hugh could see little benefit for his kingdom in these endeavors and withdrew from the league. During his reign, he was strict about issues relating to justice. He was well educated and had an interest in art, literature, and philosophy and had much knowledge of Latin literature. Hugh IV resigned the crown to his son, Peter I (rather than his grandson Hugh) in 1358, and died on 10 October 1359 in Nicosia.
Metcalf, Crusades 756; CCS 69.
(14) Hugh V | Duke of Burgundy
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An AR Denier struck 1305-1315 AD in an unknown location
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An BL 4 Carzie struck 1567-1570 in Venice
Obverse: + PETRVS • LΛVREDΛ • DVX •, cross pattee with pellet in each quarter.

Reverse: + SΛNCTVS • MΛRCVS • VENET, lion rampant left.

Diameter: 19.7 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 1.88 g
Pietro Loredan (born Venice, Italy 1482 – died Venice, 3 May 1570) was the 84th Doge of Venice. He reigned from 1567 to 1570. In 1569, a fire broke out in the Arsenal. The fire encroached on the adjacent buildings and cost the lives of 2000 people. In the same year five private banks bankrupted. Because of the shortage cereals, bread had to be rationed. The Republic came under massive pressure from the Ottoman Sultans, who invaded Cyprus. By frantic diplomatic activity Venice was able to bring together a coalition against the Turks. However, despite the alliance of the Holy League and their victory over the Turks in the Battle of Lepanto, the loss of Cyprus could not be averted.
Papadopoli 33; Paolucci 15.
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An AR Denier struck 1172-1189 in Bordeaux?
Obverse: +|RICA|RDVS|ω.in two lines across field, cross above, ω below.

Reverse: +AQVITANIE, Cross pattee within inner circle.

Diameter: 18.51 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0.86 g
Silver Denier as Duke of Aquitane. Richard I (1157-1199), known also as Richard the Lionheart, was the second son of Henry II. He became Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou in 1172, but was later forced to surrender Aquitaine to his mother, Eleanor by 1185. Richard became King of England on Henry's death in 1189, but spent little of his reign in England, because he was either on crusade or held prisoner. He was killed at the siege of Chalus in France in 1199.All of the coins minted in England during Richard's reign are of a design introduced by his father and carry the name Henry. The only coins to have Richard's name on them were minted in France.
Elias 4; Poey d
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An AR Denier struck 1189-1199 AD in Poitou Comte
Obverse: + RICARDVS REX; around Cross

Reverse: PIC / TAVIE / NSIS in three lines

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.94 g
The coins struck by Richard the Lionheart in his French possession are the only coins to bear his name. His English coinage was struck in the name of his father HENRICVS. Richard I was a key leader in the Third Crusade. He captured Cyprus, and aided in the capture of Acre in 1191 AD. He also defeated Saladin's forces at the Battle of Arsuf in Septemberof 1191, and fought the great kurdish general to a stalemate. He and Saladin finally came to a settlement in September 1192 AD which included an agreement allowing Christian access to Jerusalem. It also included a three-year truce.
B. 424; P.A. 2505; Elias 8; D. 920
(18) Rusudan
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An AR Dirham struck 1230 AD in Kutaisi?
Obverse: Bust of Christ,wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium and raising right hand in benediction, book of Gospels in left hand. Greek legend: ΙC ΧI.

Reverse: Ornamented frame in the centre, Asomtavruli letters ႰႱႬ, Rusudan.

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 2.35 g

Georgian Asomtavruli legend on the Obverse Reads: ႱႠႾႤႪႨႧႠႶႧႨႱႨႧႠႨႽႤႣႠႵჃႬ, in the name of God, was struck in the K’oronikon 450(1230) Legend in Arabic on the Reverse Reads: ملكة الملكات جلال الدنيا والدين روسدان بنت تامار ظهير المسيح Queen of Queens, glory of the world and faith, Rusudan, daughter of Tamar, follower of the Messiah.

Bennett 210; Kapanadze 77
(19) Rusudan
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An AR Dirham struck 1230 AD in Kutaisi?
Obverse: Bust of Christ,wearing nimbus, pallium and colobium and raising right hand in benediction, book of Gospels in left hand. Greek legend: ΙC ΧI.

Reverse: Ornamented frame in the centre, Asomtavruli letters ႰႱႬ, Rusudan.

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.3 g

Double Struck on the Obverse. Georgian Asomtavruli legend on the Obverse Reads: ႱႠႾႤႪႨႧႠႶႧႨႱႨႧႠႨႽႤႣႠႵჃႬ, in the name of God, was struck in the K’oronikon 450(1230) Legend in Arabic on the Reverse Reads: ملكة الملكات جلال الدنيا والدين روسدان بنت تامار ظهير المسيح Queen of Queens, glory of the world and faith, Rusudan, daughter of Tamar, follower of the Messiah.

Bennett 210; Kapanadze 77