Coins from Cilicia
In antiquity, Cilicia (also spelled Kilikia) was a southern coastal region of Anatolia, extending inland north from the Mediterranean coast, east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.

Ancient Cilicia was naturally divided into Cilicia Trachaea (rugged) and Cilicia Pedias (flat) by the Limonlu River. Cilicia Trachaea lacked large cities, and was a hotbed of pirates as well as a great source of timber.

In Cilicia Pedias stood the great cities of Tarsos, Adana and Mopsos.
Cilicia
(1) Aigeai
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Aigaien_Cilicia.jpg
An AE unit struck 164-120 BC in Aigeai
Obverse: turreted head Tyche righ

Reverse: bridled horse head left; AIΓEAIΩN, (TPAM)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Bloesch 39; SNG Levante 1635; SNG BnF 2284; SNGvA 8663; BMC Lycaonia p. 20, 1; SNG Cop 28 var. (monogram)
(2) Ajax (High Priest | Toparch)
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1413_Cilicia2.jpg
An AE unit struck 10-15 AD in Olba
Obverse: draped bust of right Ajax high priest wearing pilos (as Hermes); kerykeion over breast; ΑΙΑΝΤΟΣ ΤΕΥΚΡΟΥ

Reverse: triskeles; AΡΧΙΕΡΕΩΣ / ΤΟΠΑΡΧΟΥ // ET_A // ΚΕΝ_ΝΑΤ / ΛΑΛΑΣΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.2 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I, 3725; G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Olba nella Cilicia Trachea, QT (1978), 12, 7.
(3) Alexander III | Balakros
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Alexander_Tarsos_tetra.jpg
An AR Tetradrachm struck 327-323 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 16.9 g

struck under Balakros

Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; SNG München 10/11, 697
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1414_Antiochos_IV_Anemurion.jpg
An AE Dichalkon struck 38-72 AD in Anemurium
Obverse: diademed head right; BACIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOC

Reverse: diademed bust of Iotape right; ΒΑCΙΛICC // A_NEMOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.2 g
No notes for this coin
Kovacs 265; RPC I 3708; AC 215.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Antiochus_IX_Dionysos.jpg
An AE unit struck 114-112 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Dionysos standing left, leaning on thyrsos and holding kantharos; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛO_ΠATOPOΣ E / (NK)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.84 g
No notes for this coin
Cf. SNG Spaer 2725; Houghton 498
(6) Cilician Satrapy
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Tarsos_Obol3.jpg
An AR Obol struck c. 379-372 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Female head facing left, wearing wreath of reeds, earring and necklace

Reverse: Female head (Aphrodite?) facing forwards, wearing stephane (headdress) and necklace

Diameter: 11 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.77 g
Obverse head is in the style of the dekadrachms of Syracuse of circa 405-370 BC. Unfortunate damage to the facing head on the reverse of the coin.
Imhoof-Blumer 1
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Tarsos_tetartemorion.jpg
An AR Tetartemorion struck 400-350 BC in Tarsos?
Obverse: king with bow and dagger right

Reverse: head of Hermes left, wearing petasos

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.2 g
uncertain satrap ex Lanz 151-512, ex Pecunem 23-447
Troxell & Kagan –; SNG France –; SNG Levante –; cf. CNG EA, 295, 263., Helios Numismatik, Auktion 5, 25. Juni 2010, Nr. 110.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Commodus_Anazarbos.jpg
An AE unit struck 183-184 AD in Anazarbus
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; MAP AV AN__KOMOΔOC C

Reverse: IE / POC / IC within wreath; KAI TωN ΠΡOC ANAZAΡBω ET BC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.3 g
No notes for this coin
Ziegler, Anazarbos 246,1
(9) Decius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Decius_hexassarion_Tarsos.jpg
An AE Hexassarion struck 249-251 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜEC ΔΚOY ΔEΚΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС CE / Π__Π

Reverse: Dionysos standing left, holding grapes and thyrsus, panther left head turned back; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEΩ_C // A / M / K __ Γ / B

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 13.8 g

249 - Jun 251 AD

Cop 402; RPC online Volume IX, № 1364
(10) Decius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/50.jpg
An AE 39 struck 249-251 in Tarsos
Obverse: Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right π-π "AV KAI G MEC KVIN DEKIOC TRAIANOC"

Reverse: Perseus standing left holding head of Medusa, facing fisherman Dictys standing right with fishing pole from which hang a fish and a basket. "TAPCOV MHTPOπO AEΩC"

Diameter: 35 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 20.2 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(11) Decius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1457_Decius_Tarsos.jpg
An AE unit struck 249-251 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜE KVIN ΔEΚI ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС / Π__Π

Reverse: demiourgos crown over altar left; crown of the Cilicarch decorated with six imperial busts and three Nikai right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A_Γ_M_K_B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
ex Heritage Europe (formerly MPO Auctions)
SNG France 1769; Volume IX, № 1381
(12) Domitian
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1645_Domitian_Anazarbus.jpg
An AE unit struck 94-95 AD in Anazarbus
Obverse: laureate head right; AYTO KAI ΘE YIOΣ__ΔOMITIANOΣ ΣE ΓEP

Reverse: veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; KAIΣAPEΩN ΠP ANAZAPBΩ

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.4 g
No notes for this coin
RPC II 1754; Ziegler 86-9; SNG Levante 1371; SNG von Aulock 5474
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Domitian_Titus_Olba.jpg
An AE unit struck 69-81 AD in Olba
Obverse: Head of Domitian left; ΔOMITIANOY·KAIΣAPOΣ

Reverse: Head of Titus right; AYTOKPATOPOΣ·TITOY·OYEΣΠAΣIAN_OY·

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.2 g
No notes for this coin
RPC 1720
(14) Elaioussa
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Elauisa.jpg
An AE unit struck 100-1 BC in Elaioussa
Obverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right wearing earring and necklace; A

Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding wreath; EΛ_AIOYΣIΩN, EM / CTP

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SNG France 1157 var. (controls); SNG Levante 838 var. (controls)
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Gordian_Tarsus_Nike.jpg
An AE unit struck 238-244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π

Reverse: Nike standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEWC / A/M/K _ Γ/B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 26 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 1693; SNG Levante 1124
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Gordian_Tarsus.jpg
An AE unit struck 238-244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind, holding spear and shield; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π

Reverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC A / A/M/K _ B/Γ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 24.4 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 1706; SNG Levante 1145
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1135_Gordian_III_Soloi.jpg
An AE unit struck 240-241 AD in Soloi
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right with slight drapery; AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π

Reverse: Athena standing left, holding inverted spear and resting hand on shield; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛEITΩN ςT / (AT)_ς

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.8 g
This coin was struck when the mint was named Pompeiopolis.
SNG France 1249; SNG Levante 893
(18) Hadrian
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Hadrian_Titiopolis.jpg
An AE unit struck 117-138 AD in Titiopolis
Obverse: laureate head right; KAICAP__AΔPIANOC

Reverse: turreted head of Tyche right; TITIOΠOΛITωN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.6 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Levante Supp. 125; SNG France -.
(19) Hadrian
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1531_Hadrian_Aigai.jpg
An AR Tetradrachm struck 133-134 AD in Aigeai
Obverse: laureate and cuirassed bust right; ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙΣ__ΤΡΑΙΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟ ΣΕΒ Π Π

Reverse: eagle facing, head right, goat right in the exergue; ΑΙΓΕΑΙΩΝ__ΕΤΟΥϹ ΠΡ·

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 13.8 g
No notes for this coin
RPC 3349; Prieur 721; SNG Levante 1719
(20) Hetoum I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/HetoumI.jpg
An AE Tank struck 1226 - 1270 AD in Cilicia
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Hieropolis_Kastabala.jpg
An AE unit struck 200-1 BC in Hieropolis Kastabala
Obverse: veiled and turreted head of Tyche right

Reverse: diademed head of king (Alexander the Great) right; ΙΕΡΟΠΟ_ΛΕΙΤWN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
similar: SNG France 2226-7 https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=617289
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1535_Julia_Mamaea_Kolybrassos.jpg
An AE unit struck 222-235 AD in Colybrassus
Obverse: bust right diademed draped; ΙΟΥΛΙΑ__ΜΑΜΑΙΑ

Reverse: Athena standing left, holding spear and shield; tree behind; ΚΟΛΥΒΡ_Α_ϹϹEΩΝ

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 10.6 g
No notes for this coin
RPC VI, 6250 (temporary); SNG Pfalz 755
(23) Korykos
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Korykeion.jpg
An AE unit struck 100-1 BC in Korykos
Obverse: turreted head of Tyche right; ΣA

Reverse: Hermes standing half left, wearing, petasos, holding phiale kerykeion KΩPYKIΩTΩN EΠI // ΔI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SNGvA 5679; SNG Cop 118 var. (control letters); BMC Lycaonia p. 66, 1 - 8 var. (same)
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Lucius_Verus_Ninica.jpg
An AE unit struck 161-169 AD in Ninica-Claudiopolis
Obverse: Cuirassed bust right with paludamentum; IMP L AVRELIVS AVG COL IVL__AVG

Reverse: Wreath; NI / CO

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 6.9 g

ex Naumann

RPC IV online 5824.
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An AE unit struck 235-238 AD in Ninica-Claudiopolis
Obverse: IMP MAXIMINVΓ PIVΓ AVΓ, Bust of Maximinus facing right, wearing laurel wreath, curiass, and drapery

Reverse: COL NINC CLAVΔ, Colonist wearing veil, plowing to right with oxen; star and standard in background

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 10.98 g
Four countermarks:

1x incuse star
1x triangle (delta?) with dot in center; inside of circle
2x Nike facing right
RPC Online VI temp 6910; c/m's Howgego 451, 669, 262
(26) Mazaios
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1380_Tarsus2.jpg
An AR Obol struck 361/0-334 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre

Reverse: lion attacking stag left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.7 g
No notes for this coin
Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329; SNG Levante 112; Sunrise 64
(27) Mazaios
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1469_Tarsos.jpg
An AR Stater struck 361/0 - 334 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding sceptre; B'LTRZ // T in Aramaic

Reverse: lion bringing down bull left, attacking with teeth and claws; MZDI in Aramaic

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
cf. Casabonne series 2, group A; cf. SNG France 346; cf. SNG Levante 100–1
(28) Nerva
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1639_Nerva_Perinthos.jpg
An AE unit struck 96-98 AD in Hieropolis Kastabala
Obverse: laureate head right; ΝΕΡΟΥΑϹ ΚΑΙϹΑΡ

Reverse: Nike facing, head left, holding wreath and palm; ΙΕΡΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
RPC III, 3383; SNG Levante 1581
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1415_Philadelphia,_Cilicia2.jpg
An AE unit struck c. 98-117 AD in Philadelphia (Cilicia)
Obverse: bust of Minerva or Athena right wearing crested helmet; ΦΙΛΑΔЄΛ_ΦEωΝ

Reverse: horizontal branch with two grapes; KIH_TωN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RPC III, 3214; SNG Levante 574; SNG Pfalz 998; Lindgren & Kovacs A1571A
(30) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Philip_I_Epiphaneia.jpg
An AE unit struck 244-245 AD in Epiphaneia (Cilicia)
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AVT K M IOV_ΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB

Reverse: Tyche facing, head turned left, holding rudder and cornucopia; EΠIΦA_NEΩN·AIT

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 33.1 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Levante 1826 (same obverse die); SNG France 2403 (same obverse die); SNG von Aulock -; L&K A1491B (same dies)
(31) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1396_Philip_I_Diocaesarea.jpg
An AE unit struck 244-249 AD in Diokaisareia
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K M IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC CE / B

Reverse: City goddess seated left, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; river-god Calycadnus swimming right below; AΔPI ΔIOKAICAPEΩN MHTPO KEN / NAT/ ΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.6 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 2, 881; Staffieri, Diocaesarea, 31, 22 Taf. 3, 25; SNG Levante Suppl. 179 var.; SNG Pfalz 419-422 var.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Septimius_Severus_Tarsus.jpg
An AE unit struck 193-211 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: laureate and cuirassed bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC ΠEP / Π_Π

Reverse: Nike in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm; AΔPI CEVHPIANH / Γ B / TAPCOV MHT / POΠOΛEΩC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 19.3 g
No notes for this coin
Ziegler, Münzen 689; SNG Levante 1029
(33) Soloi
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Soloi.jpg
An AR Hemiobol struck 430-390 BC in Soloi
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena or Amazon left

Reverse: grape

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.4 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 154-157
(34) Soloi
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Soloi_Stater.jpg
An AR Stater struck 410-375 BC in Soloi
Obverse: Head of Athena right

Reverse: Wine grapes

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9.76 g
No notes for this coin
SNG v. Aul. 5864 var.
(35) Tarsos
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An AR Obol struck 379-362 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace

Reverse: Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.75 g
Satraps Datames or Pharnabazos
SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante 93
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1339_Tranquillina_Tarsos.jpg
An AE unit struck V 241 - 244 AD in Tarsos
Obverse: Draped bust on crescent right wearing stephane; CABINEIAN TPANKVΛΛEINOAN C_E_B / Π_Π

Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) seated on rocks left, holding grain ears, below river god Cydnus swimming left; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A/M/K _ Γ/B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.9 g
No notes for this coin
unique?, obverse: SNG France 1725, Gorny and Mosch 156-1821, CNG 93-936
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1041_Trebonianus_Gallus_Seleucia_ad_Calycadnum.jpg
An AE unit struck 251-253 AD in Seleucia ad Calycadnum
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind AV K ΓA IOVΛI TR_E_BΩ ΓAΛΛOC

Reverse: draped bust of Apollo right, branch in front of the Apollo, confronting draped bust of Artemis left, cornucopia behind the Artemis CEΛEV / KEΩN TΩN ΠPOC KAΛV / KAΔ / N / Ω

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 26.1 g
No notes for this coin
RPC IX, 1332; Ziegler, Münzen 514; SNG BN 1049; SNG Levante 783
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Valerian_Anazarbus.jpg
An AE Triassarion struck 253-254 AD in Anazarbus
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right AVT K OVAΛEPIANOC CE

Reverse: Tyche standing left, agnostic crown in both hands; ANAZAPBOV EN_ΔOX M(HT) ET BOC / T/Γ/Γ _ A/K/M

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Levante 1521, Zeigler 806, BMC 40, SNG France 2141-3, SNG von Aulock 5513
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Valerian_Mopsus.jpg
An AE unit struck 255-256 AD in Mopsus
Obverse: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right AVT·K·OVAΛEPIANOC·CEB

Reverse: Tyche standing right, presenting agonistic urn containing two palm fronds to Valerian I and Gallienus, each seated left on curule chair. AΔP OVA ΓAΛ MOΨEATΩN DΩPEAI ET ΓKT

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.2 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Levante 1358 (var)