Coins from Cilicia
In antiquity, Cilicia (also spelled Kilikia) was a southern coastal region of Anatolia, extending inland north from the Mediterranean coast, east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.

Ancient Cilicia was naturally divided into Cilicia Trachaea (rugged) and Cilicia Pedias (flat) by the Limonlu River. Cilicia Trachaea lacked large cities, and was a hotbed of pirates as well as a great source of timber.

In Cilicia Pedias stood the great cities of Tarsos, Adana and Mopsos.


(1) Aigeai 164-120 BC
AE unit Aigeai
Obverse: turreted head Tyche righ
Reverse: bridled horse head left; AIΓEAIΩN, (TPAM)
Ref: Bloesch 39; SNG Levante 1635; SNG B...
(2) Ajax (High Priest | Toparch) 10-15 AD
AE unit Olba
Obverse: draped bust of right Ajax high priest wearing pilos (as Hermes); kerykeion over breast; ΑΙΑΝΤΟΣ ΤΕΥΚΡΟΥ
Reverse: triskeles; AΡΧΙΕΡΕΩΣ / ΤΟΠΑΡΧΟΥ // ET_A // ΚΕΝ_ΝΑΤ / ΛΑΛΑΣΣ
Ref: RPC I, 3725; G. M. Staffieri, La mo...
(3) Alexander III | Balakros 327-323 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ
Ref: Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; S...
(4) Antiochos IV 38-72 AD
Obverse: diademed head right; BACIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOC
Reverse: diademed bust of Iotape right; ΒΑCΙΛICC // A_NEMOY
Ref: Kovacs 265; RPC I 3708; AC 215.
(5) Antiochus IX 114-112 BC
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: Diademed head right
Reverse: Dionysos standing left, leaning on thyrsos and holding kantharos; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY / ΦIΛO_ΠATOPOΣ E / (NK)
Ref: Cf. SNG Spaer 2725; Houghton 498
(6) Cilician Satrapy c. 379-372 BC
Obverse: Female head (Aphrodite?) facing left, wearing wreath of reeds, earring and necklace of pearls/beads
Reverse: Female head facing forwards, wearing stephane (headdress) and pearl/beaded necklace
Ref: Imhoof-Blumer 1
(7) Cilicia | Tarsos? 400-350 BC
Obverse: king with bow and dagger right
Reverse: head of Hermes left, wearing petasos
Ref: Troxell & Kagan –; SNG France –; SN...
(8) Commodus 183-184 AD
AE unit Anazarbus
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; MAP AV AN__KOMOΔOC C
Reverse: IE / POC / IC within wreath; KAI TωN ΠΡOC ANAZAΡBω ET BC
Ref: Ziegler, Anazarbos 246,1
(9) Decius 249-251 AD
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜEC ΔΚOY ΔEΚΙ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС CE / Π__Π
Reverse: Dionysos standing left, holding grapes and thyrsus, panther left head turned back; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEΩ_C // A / M / K __ Γ / B
Ref: Cop 402; RPC online Volume IX, № 13...
(10) Decius 249-251
AE 39 Tarsos
Obverse: Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right π-π "AV KAI G MEC KVIN DEKIOC TRAIANOC"
Reverse: Perseus standing left holding head of Medusa, facing fisherman Dictys standing right with fishing pole from which hang a fish and a basket. "TAPCOV MHTPOπO AEΩC"
Ref: None provided
(11) Decius 249-251 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AY ΚE Γ ΜE KVIN ΔEΚI ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС / Π__Π
Reverse: demiourgos crown over altar left; crown of the Cilicarch decorated with six imperial busts and three Nikai right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A_Γ_M_K_B
Ref: SNG France 1769; Volume IX, № 1381
(12) Domitian | Titus 69-81 AD
AE unit Olba
Obverse: Head of Domitian left; ΔOMITIANOY·KAIΣAPOΣ
Ref: RPC 1720
(13) Elaioussa 100-1 BC
AE unit Elaioussa
Obverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right wearing earring and necklace; A
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding wreath; EΛ_AIOYΣIΩN, EM / CTP
Ref: SNG France 1157 var. (controls); SN...
(14) Gordian III 238-244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π
Reverse: Nike standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm; TAPCOV M_H_TPOΠOΛEWC / A/M/K _ Γ/B
Ref: SNG France 1693; SNG Levante 1124
(15) Gordian III 238-244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind, holding spear and shield; AYT K ANT ΓOP_ΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π
Reverse: turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC A / A/M/K _ B/Γ
Ref: SNG France 1706; SNG Levante 1145
(16) Gordian III 240-241 AD
AE unit Soloi
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right with slight drapery; AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC CEB / Π_Π
Reverse: Athena standing left, holding inverted spear and resting hand on shield; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛEITΩN ςT / (AT)_ς
Ref: SNG France 1249; SNG Levante 893
(17) Hadrian 117-138 AD
AE unit Titiopolis
Obverse: laureate head right; KAICAP__AΔPIANOC
Reverse: turreted head of Tyche right; TITIOΠOΛITωN
Ref: SNG Levante Supp. 125; SNG France -...
(18) Hetoum I 1226 - 1270 AD
Ref: None provided
(19) Hieropolis Kastabala 200-1 BC
Obverse: veiled and turreted head of Tyche right
Reverse: diademed head of king (Alexander the Great) right; ΙΕΡΟΠΟ_ΛΕΙΤWN
Ref: similar: SNG France 2226-7 https://...
(20) Korykos 100-1 BC
AE unit Korykos
Obverse: turreted head of Tyche right; ΣA
Reverse: Hermes standing half left, wearing, petasos, holding phiale kerykeion KΩPYKIΩTΩN EΠI // ΔI
Ref: SNGvA 5679; SNG Cop 118 var. (contr...
(21) Lucius Verus 161-169 AD
Obverse: Cuirassed bust right with paludamentum; IMP L AVRELIVS AVG COL IVL__AVG
Reverse: Wreath; NI / CO
Ref: RPC IV online 5824.
(22) Maximinus I 235-238 AD
Obverse: IMP MAXIMINVΓ PIVΓ AVΓ, Bust of Maximinus facing right, wearing laurel wreath, curiass, and drapery
Reverse: COL NINC CLAVΔ, Colonist wearing veil, plowing to right with oxen; star and standard in background
Ref: RPC Online VI temp 6910; c/m's Howg...
(23) Mazaios 361/0-334 BC
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding grapes, grain ear, and sceptre
Reverse: lion attacking stag left
Ref: Casabonne Series 1; SNG France 329;...
(24) Mazaios 361/0 - 334 BC
Obverse: Baal seated left, holding sceptre; B'LTRZ // T in Aramaic
Reverse: lion bringing down bull left, attacking with teeth and claws; MZDI in Aramaic
Ref: cf. Casabonne series 2, group A; cf...
(25) Philadelphia (Cilicia) c. 98-117 AD
Obverse: bust of Minerva or Athena right wearing crested helmet; ΦΙΛΑΔЄΛ_ΦEωΝ
Reverse: horizontal branch with two grapes; KIH_TωN
Ref: RPC III, 3214; SNG Levante 574; SNG...
(26) Philip I 244-245 AD
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AVT K M IOV_ΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB
Reverse: Tyche facing, head turned left, holding rudder and cornucopia; EΠIΦA_NEΩN·AIT
Ref: SNG Levante 1826 (same obverse die)...
(27) Philip I 244-249 AD
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AYT K M IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC CE / B
Reverse: City goddess seated left, Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; river-god Calycadnus swimming right below; AΔPI ΔIOKAICAPEΩN MHTPO KEN / NAT/ ΩN
Ref: SNG France 2, 881; Staffieri, Dioca...
(28) Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: laureate and cuirassed bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEVHPOC ΠEP / Π_Π
Reverse: Nike in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm; AΔPI CEVHPIANH / Γ B / TAPCOV MHT / POΠOΛEΩC
Ref: Ziegler, Münzen 689; SNG Levante 10...
(29) Soloi 430-390 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena or Amazon left
Reverse: grape
Ref: SNG France 154-157
(30) Soloi 410-375 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena right
Reverse: Wine grapes
Ref: SNG v. Aul. 5864 var.
(31) Tarsos 379-362 BC
Obverse: Head of Nymph? facing slightly left wearing earrings and necklace
Reverse: Bearded head of Ares? left wearing crested Attic style helmet
Ref: SNG France 303ff var.; SNG Levante ...
(32) Tranquillina V 241 - 244 AD
AE unit Tarsos
Obverse: Draped bust on crescent right wearing stephane; CABINEIAN TPANKVΛΛEINOAN C_E_B / Π_Π
Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) seated on rocks left, holding grain ears, below river god Cydnus swimming left; TAPCOV MHTPOΠOΛEΩC / A/M/K _ Γ/B
Ref: unique?, obverse: SNG France 1725, ...
(33) Trebonianus Gallus 251-253 AD
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind AV K ΓA IOVΛI TR_E_BΩ ΓAΛΛOC
Reverse: draped bust of Apollo right, branch in front of the Apollo, confronting draped bust of Artemis left, cornucopia behind the Artemis CEΛEV / KEΩN TΩN ΠPOC KAΛV / KAΔ / N / Ω
Ref: RPC IX, 1332; Ziegler, Münzen 514; ...
(34) Valerian I 253-254 AD
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right AVT K OVAΛEPIANOC CE
Reverse: Tyche standing left, agnostic crown in both hands; ANAZAPBOV EN_ΔOX M(HT) ET BOC / T/Γ/Γ _ A/K/M
Ref: SNG Levante 1521, Zeigler 806, BMC ...
(35) Valerian I 255-256 AD
AE unit Mopsus
Obverse: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right AVT·K·OVAΛEPIANOC·CEB
Reverse: Tyche standing right, presenting agonistic urn containing two palm fronds to Valerian I and Gallienus, each seated left on curule chair. AΔP OVA ΓAΛ MOΨEATΩN DΩPEAI ET ΓKT
Ref: SNG Levante 1358 (var)