Coins from Kingdom of France
The Kingdom of France was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was one of the most powerful states in Europe and a great power since the Late Middle Ages and the Hundred Years' War. It was also an early colonial power, with possessions around the world.

France originated as West Francia (Francia Occidentalis), the western half of the Carolingian Empire, with the Treaty of Verdun (843). A branch of the Carolingian dynasty continued to rule until 987, when Hugh Capet was elected king and founded the Capetian dynasty. The territory remained known as Francia and its ruler as rex Francorum ("king of the Franks") well into the High Middle Ages. The first king calling himself Roi de France ("King of France") was Philip II, in 1190.

The Kingdom of France adopted a written constitution in 1791, but the Kingdom was abolished a year later and replaced with the First French Republic. The monarchy was restored by the other great powers in 1814 and lasted (except for the Hundred Days in 1815) until the French Revolution of 1848.
Kingdom of France
(1) Fulk IV | Fulk V
An AR Denier struck 11-12th Century in Angers
Obverse: +FVLCO COMES, Cross at center with Alpha and Omega in the 3rd and 4th quadrants

Reverse: +VRBS AIDCCSuncertain symbol, Fulk monogram at center

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 0.77 g

Count of Anjou, France
AR Denier, Angers mint

Dated to the reign of Fulk IV-Fulk V, some have argued as late as the succeeding Geoffrey V Plantagenet

Fulk V would go on to be a crusader under the Knights Templar and eventually King of Jerusalem from 1131-1143

These people are possibly my Great x28, x27, and x26 Grandfathers respectively.


Obverse: "Count Fulk"
Reverse:"City of Angers"

Roberts 4114
(2) Hugh V | Duke of Burgundy
An AR Denier struck 1305-1315 AD in an unknown location


Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(3) Jean II le Bon
An AU Franc à cheval struck 1360 in Paris
Obverse: (Fleur-de-lis) IOhAnnЄS: DЄI | :GRACIA: | FRAnCORV': RЄX (double annulet stops), Jean, crowned and in full armor, left on caparisoned horse, holding sword.

Reverse: +XP'C • VIИCIT • XP'C • RЄGNAT • XP'C • IMPЄRAT (rosette stops), cross tréflée and feuillue; in center of cross, • within quadrilobe; all within quadrilobe, trefoil fleurée at end of each arc; trilobe in spandrels.

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 3.76 g

Provenance: Triton XXV Session 5 (25 January 2022), lot 455.

Duplessy 294; Ciani 361; Friedberg 279.