Coins from Britannia
Britannia was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

In 43 AD, Claudius directed four legions to invade Britain and restore an exiled king over the Atrebates. The Romans defeated the Catuvellauni, and then organized their conquests as the Province of Britain.

By the year 47, the Romans held the lands southeast of the Fosse Way. Control over Wales was delayed by reverses and the effects of Boudica's uprising, but the Romans expanded steadily northward.
Britannia
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An AR Short-cross penny struck 978 - 1016 AD in Winchester
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AE Quinarius struck AD 294-296 in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, with decorated shoulder straps

Reverse: LAETITIA AVG, galley right, with mast and six oars; QC in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.7 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 124; Sear 12867
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 294-295 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and vertical sceptre; S-A across fields, MSL in exergue

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 4.38 g
One of several coins purchased from the North Yorkshire Moors Collection formed by Marvin Lessen (Dix Noonan Webb; 25/04/18; Lot 100). Bt J.L. Malter December 1982
RIC 28; C 31; Sear 13818
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An AE Quinarius struck 293-296 AD in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG, Bust of Allectus facing right, wearing crown and cuirass

Reverse: VIRTVS AVG, Galley rowing left; QC mint mark in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.23 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V Allectus 128
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An BL Quinarius struck AD 295-296 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VIRTVS AVG, galley left, with mast and five oars; QL in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.58 g
Roma Numismatics Auction XIX; Lot 910, Ex. Frank Reinhardt Collection; Bt. Marc Walter Ancient Coins, 2017; Ex. H.D. Rauch Auction 102 (2016); Lot 513, Ex. Bankhaus Aufhäuser Auktion 11 (1995); Lot 420
RIC 55; Burnett 111; Sear 13870; S 691
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An AE Antoninianus struck AD 293-296 in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PROVID AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopia; S-P across fields, C in exergue

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.19 g
CNG eAuction 468 (20.05.2020); Lot 560. Ex. Benito Collection; purchased in 2010 from CNG coin shop (Inventory ID 803623; sold for $895)
RIC 94; Burnett 160; Webb 150; Sear 13834
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 289-290 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and vertical sceptre; F-O across fields

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 5.33 g
One of several coins purchased from the North Yorkshire Moors Collection formed by Marvin Lessen (Dix Noonan Webb; 25/04/18; Lot 57) Ex. Arethusa Auction 4 (Lugano), 22 March 1996, Lot 655
RIC 101; Webb 128; S 672A; Sear 13639A
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 291-293 in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PROVIDE AV, Providentia standing left, holding spear and cornucopiae; C in exergue

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.82 g
One of several coins purchased from the North Yorkshire Moors Collection formed by Marvin Lessen (Dix Noonan Webb; 25/04/18; Lot 74). Bt J. Linzalone February 1992. Extremely rare and unlisted in the standard references.
RIC - ; Sear -
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 289-290 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and vertical sceptre; ML in exergue

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.89 g
This coin is currently listed for sale on Ebay: https://www.ebay.co.uk/usr/closer-2-heaven
RIC 101; Webb 128; S 672A; Sear 13639A
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 286-293 in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: LAETIT AVG, Laetitia standing facing, head left, holding wreath and anchor; C in exergue

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.53 g
Leu notes that this interesting coin is struck in good silver, which is very unusual for the radiates of Carausius; typically they are of a much baser metal. They suggest that it may have functioned as a trial strike for the very rare denarii from the ‘C’ mint.
RIC 250
(11) Constantine I
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An AE Follis struck 310-312 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right

Reverse: COMITI - AVGG NN, Sol standing left, holding globe and whip

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: -
Found Long Melford, Suffolk. Not the best coin but a relatively rare London mint issue and the local find-spot make it worth having!
RIC VI 153
(12) Constantine I
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An AE Follis struck 323-324 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTAN - TINVS AVG, Laureate bust right, wearing trabea, holding eagle-tipped sceptre

Reverse: BEAT TRA - NQLITAS, Altar with VO / TIS / XX inscribed on three lines, globe on top, three stars above

Diameter: 19.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: -
Found East Yorks/North Lincs.
RIC VII London 271
(13) Constantine I
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An AE Follis struck 323-324 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTAN - TINVS AVG, Laureate head right

Reverse: SARMATIA - DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm branch, trampling captive on ground to right

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Found Shrewton, nr Devises, Wiltshire, early 2010s. PAS record WILT-1621D7.
RIC VII London 289
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An AE Nummus struck AD 319-320 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS AG, cuirassed bust left, wearing high-crested helmet and holding spear over right shoulder

Reverse: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories standing facing each other, holding between them shield, inscribed VOT PR in two lines, resting on altar ornamented with diamond pattern; five dots within, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.47 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 159; Sear 16296
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An AE Follis struck 312-313 A.D. in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys draped over left shoulder, holding up globe and right hand high. Star in left field, Mintmark PLN.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.06 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI 280
(16) Constantine I
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An AE Centenionalis struck 320 AD in Londinium
Obverse: helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear; IMP CONSTANTI_NVS AVG

Reverse: two Victories facing each other, holding VOT/PR within shield on cippus decorated with wreath; VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP / PLN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII London 168 (R1), SRCV IV 19296
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 311-312 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ADVEN-TVS AVG, emperor, with right hand raised, holding spear over shoulder with left, on horse pawing seated captive to left; star in right field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.69 g
Ex. Roma Numismatics Auction XIII; Lot 1263. Ex. Paul Munro-Walker collection.
CT 7.01.003; RIC 133; Sear 15860; S 721
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An AE Follis struck c.AD 311-312 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield

Reverse: COMITI AVGG NN, Sol standing left, chlamys falling from left shoulder, right hand holding up globe, left whip; star in right field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 4.12 g
Ex. Roma Numismatics Auction XIII; Lot 1266 Ex. Paul Munro-Walker collection
CT 7.03.016; RIC 165
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An AE Nummus struck c. AD 321-323 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate and trabeate bust right, holding eagle-tipped sceptre

Reverse: BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, globe set upon altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX; three stars above, PLON in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 2.96 g
No notes for this coin
CT 9.05.008; RIC 267; Sear 16170
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 311-312 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PRINCIPI IV-VENTVTIS, Prince standing left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, right hand holding globe, left reversed spear; star in right field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.8 g
No notes for this coin
CT 7.07.003; RIC 222; Sear 16020
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An AE Follis struck AD 307-310 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Constantine standing facing, head left, in military dress, holding signum in each hand; PLN in exergue

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 7.19 g
No notes for this coin
CT 5.04.011; RIC 111; Sear 16017
(22) Constantine I
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An BL Nummus struck AD 313-314 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and shield; star in left field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.33 g
No notes for this coin
CT 8.01.005; RIC 253
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An AE Nummus struck AD 312-313 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate, helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust left, right hand holding spear forward and shield on left arm

Reverse: SECVRITAS AVGG, Securitas standing facing, head left, legs crossed, with right hand on head and left arm leaning on column; star in left field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.61 g
Ex. Roma Numismatics E-Sale 69; Lot 1204. This coin was part of a hoard of 3,442 coins discovered on the 22nd March 1970 by a detectorist just south of the village of Bourton-on-the-Water in Gloucestershire, England. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of a Roman settlement nearby; the village was located on a major Roman road, the Fosse way linking Cirencester to Leicester, and would have been an ideal location for a posting station. The main hoard, containing 2,707 coins, was found in a field adjoining the Fosse Way and hidden 45cm below ground level. It was beneath flat stones and in a spherical mass that suggested their owner had buried them inside a bag. A further 735 coins were found scattered in the vicinity. The hoard consisted mainly of coins of Constantine I, and over half of the coins in the hoard (1,882) were struck at the London mint. The coin types present suggest that the hoard was assembled early in the reign of Constantine I, sometime between AD 317 and 319. This particular coin is rare, and the only one of it’s type in the BoW hoard. For another example, struck from the same dies, see CNG Mail Bid Sale 75; Lot 1139.
CT 7.13.004; RIC 278 cor. (bust type); Sear 16040 (note)
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An AE Nummus struck c. AD 314 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left with chlamys across left shoulder, right hand raised, left hand holding globe; S in left field, F in right field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.83 g
This coin was part of a hoard of 3,442 coins discovered on the 22nd March 1970 by a detectorist just south of the village of Bourton-on-the-Water in Gloucestershire, England. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of a Roman settlement nearby; the village was located on a major Roman road, the Fosse way linking Cirencester to Leicester, and would have been an ideal location for a posting station. The main hoard, containing 2,707 coins, was found in a field adjoining the Fosse Way and hidden 45cm below ground level. It was beneath flat stones and in a spherical mass that suggested their owner had buried them inside a bag. A further 735 coins were found scattered in the vicinity. The hoard consisted mainly of coins of Constantine I, and over half of the coins in the hoard (1,882) were struck at the London mint. The coin types present suggest that the hoard was assembled early in the reign of Constantine I, sometime between AD 317 and 319. This particular coin was one of 19 examples of the type in the hoard, and is in a far better state of preservation than the majority of the coins discovered.
RIC 8; CT 8.02.013; Sear 16050
(25) Constantine II
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An AE Follis struck 321 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTI - NVS IVN NC, Radiate draped cuirassed bust left

Reverse: BEATA TRA - NQVILLITAS, Altar with VOT / IS / XX inscribed on three lines, globe on top, three stars above

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: -
Found south of Ipswich, Suffolk.
RIC VII London 216
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An AE Nummus struck AD 322-323 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, helmeted and cuirassed bust left

Reverse: BEAT TRANQLITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOTIS XX in three lines; three stars above, PLON in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.82 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 287; Sear 17149
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An AE Follis struck AD 307-309 in Londinium
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, laureate, veiled and draped bust right

Reverse: MEMORIA FELIX, lighted altar adorned with garlands, eagle standing on either side; P LN in exergue

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 5.54 g
Consecration issue struck by Constantine I
RIC 110; Sear 16419
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 296-297 in Londinium
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 10.23 g
No notes for this coin
CT 1.03.009 (2); RIC 30; Sear cf. 14034; S 706
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 303-305 in Londinium
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 10.09 g
No notes for this coin
CT 3.01.024; RIC 37a
(30) Crispus
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An AE Nummus struck AD 317 in Londinium
Obverse: CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, right hand raised, left hand holding up globe; S-P across fields, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.32 g
This coin was purchased directly from Lee Toone, author of LMCC, and is one of the plate coins from his book. He informed me that the coin originally came from a large French hoard.
CT 8.09.021 (this coin); RIC 116; Sear 16718
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 296-303 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 9.14 g
No notes for this coin
CT 2.01.003 (10); RIC 6a & 16A; cf. Sear 12760; S 696
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 303-5 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 9.31 g
This is a rarer bust type for Diocletian. Also, the pellet between the feet on the Genius does not appear to be a common feature on these earlier coins. I contacted Lee Toone and he has said that it is probably a guide mark for engravers but may be something else.
CT 3.01.003; RIC 10/24 cor.
(33) Edward I
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1299-1301 AD in London
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.35 g
No notes for this coin
Spink 1408
(34) Fausta
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An AE Follis struck 324-325 in Londinium
Obverse: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, Mantled bust right, head bare, waved hair, wearing necklace

Reverse: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Empress standing facing, looking left, head veiled, holding two children in her arms

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: -
Found Essex/Cambs. Porous/corroded but scarce London issue, and another local find.
RIC VII 300
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1216-1272 AD in Canterbury
Obverse: HENRICVS REX III / Crowned facing bust, sceptre in right hand

Reverse: ROB ERT ONC ANT /

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.33 g
Moneyer Robert
5c2
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1247-1279 AD in London
Obverse:

Reverse:

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.47 g
Moneyer Henri
5c
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An AR Long-cross penny struck 1216-1272 AD in London
Obverse: hENRICUS REX:III / crowned facing bust

Reverse: NIC/OLC/ONL/VND / voided long cross, with trefoil in each quarter

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
From The Brussels Hoard Type 3d1
No references provided for this coin
(38) Iceni
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An AR Unit struck c. AD 10-30 in Britannia
Obverse: Double crescents back to back with two pellets between and lines and rows of pellets extending outwards

Reverse: Stylised horse prancing right, with grain ear mane; [pelletal sun above], reversed S before, pellet triad, line of three pellets and [obscured monogram] below

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 9 H
Weight: 1.24 g
Before the Romans arrived Britain was shared by several Celtic tribes; the Iceni being centred on the Norfolk area (but also occupying surrounding parts of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire). The Iceni are probably best known as the tribe that, united with the Trinovantes (from the area north east of London), ran riot over Roman rule under their warrior queen Boudicca. This coin, whose Celtic name has never been discovered, is simply referred to as a ‘silver unit’. It is tiny at just 14mm diameter and weighing in at 1.24g. All of these coins weighed the same (1.25g); a standard which was maintained for over 100 years to an extremely small tolerance, an amazing techical achievement for the time. As with all Celtic coinage the design is somewhat abstract. On the obverse is an ornate pattern, resembling 2 C’s back to back across an ornate belt, with patterns around. This has been progressively derived from the hair & laurel head band of Apollo on Greek coins, whose face has since disappeared. The reverse shows a horse galloping towards the right, a dotted wheel above it’s back, and various dots around. The charioteer has disappeared, and what remains of the chariot is the wheel floating above. Some of the dots and symbols are not mere random decoration but part of a series of coded control marks, probably denoting the issuing mint and moneyer. The coins were struck on concave blanks which were only about two-thirds of the size of the dies, so the entire design is never seen on one specimen.
Cf. ABC 1645; cf. SCBC 441; cf. BMC 3856-3959
(39) Licinius
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An BL Follis struck c. AD 311-31 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POU ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae; star in right field, PLN in exergue

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.87 g
Lee Toone, author of ‘The London Mint of Constantius & Constantine’ has pointed out to me that this coin has an interesting orthographical error on the reverse and reads 'POU' rather than 'POP'. He had not seen an error like this before and suggests that it seems like a punch for a C/G being used on its side.
CT 7.05.006; RIC 209c; S 717; Sear 15182
(40) Maximian
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An AE Follis struck AD 307 in Londinium
Obverse: D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae; PLN in exergue

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 6.14 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 85; S 704; Sear 13444
(41) Maximian
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An AE Follis struck c. AD 305 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 9.57 g
No notes for this coin
CT 4.03.004; RIC 42
(42) Maximian | Carausius
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An BL Antoninianus struck 292-293 AD in Londinium
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right; IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG

Reverse: Pax standing half left holding palm branch and long scepter; PAX__A_VGGG/ S_P / MLXXI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
292 - mid 293 AD
RIC V 34
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An AE Follis struck 310-312 in Londinium
Obverse: IMP MAXIMINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO - POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 8 H
Weight: -
Found West Lavington, nr Devises, Wiltshire, early 2010s. PAS record WILT-13126A. May clean up a bit...
RIC VI London 209b
(44) Maximinus II
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An AE Follis struck AD 305-306 in Londinium
Obverse: MAXIMINVS NOBILI CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, naked Genius standing left, modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiӕ

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 8.07 g
A great portrait and an interesting double-struck reverse
RIC 65
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An AE Follis struck AD 305-306 in Londinium
Obverse: SEVERVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 10.69 g
No notes for this coin
CT 4.02.016; RIC 59a