Coins from Ptolemaic Kingdom
The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt. It was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty which started with Ptolemy I Soter's accession after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and which ended with the death of Cleopatra VII and the Roman conquest in 30 BC.

To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves the successors to the Pharaohs. The later Ptolemies took on Egyptian traditions by marrying their siblings, had themselves portrayed on public monuments in Egyptian style and dress, and participated in Egyptian religious life.

The Ptolemies had to fight native rebellions and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its final annexation by Rome.

Hellenistic culture continued to thrive in Egypt throughout the Roman and Byzantine periods until the Muslim conquest.
Ptolemaic Kingdom
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An AE Tetrachalkon struck 46-221 BC in Akko-Ptolemais
Obverse: BEΡENIKHΣ BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ or abbreviated, head of Berenike II right, hair in a bun.

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed.

Diameter: 20.87 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 8.78 g
Berenike II was the daughter of Magas (king of Cyrene) and Arsinoe/Apama, born in c. 267/6. Berenike II first married or was engaged to Demetrius the Fair (son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Ptolemais) in c249, as his second marriage, which terminated shortly thereafter by his murder when he was caught in flagrante delictu with her mother Arsinoe/Apama. By him she had no children. Berenike II second marriage was with Ptolemy III (king of Egypt), probably in early 246, by whom she had Ptolemy IV, Magas, Arsinoe III and Berenike, and is presumed to have had an unknown son. Berenike is said to have participated in the Nemean Games and won (between 245 and 241 BC) and to have competed in Olympic games at some unknown date. Soon after her second husband's death in 221 BC, she was murdered at the instigation of her son, Ptolemy IV, with whom she probably was associated in the government.
Svoronos 1055; BMC 17; Sear Greece 7821; Paris 351.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 39-38 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I to right, wearing aegis around his neck

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ Eagle, with closed wings, holding palm branch over right shoulder and standing left on thunderbolt; in fields, LIΔ - ΠA; to left, crown of Isis

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.39 g
Cleopatra VII Thea Neotera, Year 14 = 39/38 BC.
SNG Copenhagen 408. Svoronos 1828
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 300-285 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: diademed head with Aegis right Δ (behind ear)

Reverse: eagle standing left on thunderbolt; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, P / (ΠAP)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.7 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 255; SNG Cop 70 - 71; Noeske 41 - 42 (284/3 B.C.); SNG Milan 8; Hazzard C1021; BMC Ptolemies p. 20, 59; Hosking -; Malter -,
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 305-283 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck, tiny Δ behind ear

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P above monogram to left

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 14.38 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 255; SNG Copenhagen 70
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An AE Drachm struck 264-256 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: diademed head of Zeus-Ammon

Reverse: 2 eagles standing on lightning left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ / Λ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 67.19 g
No notes for this coin
Svornos 479
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An AE Hemiobol struck 264-256 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: head of Zeus-Ammon right with tainia

Reverse: eagle with spread wings standing on lightning; ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Θ between eagle's legs

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.14 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos, 469
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An AE Diobol struck 275-265/264 BC in Greece
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: eagle with spread wings standing on lightning, Galatian shield left, ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, (ΣΩ) // (XAP), Λ between eagle's legs

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Possible Mint in Greece
Svornos 581
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An AE Octobol struck 260 - 246 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΣΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΣΜΑΙΟΥ, Eagle standing left, wings open, head right, no symbol between legs

Diameter: 46 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 87.5 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 412, SNG Cop 141
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An AE Obol struck 264-256 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: head of Alexander III right wearing elephant scalp headdress and aegis

Reverse: eagle standing on lightning left, spread wings; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ / E

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Svornos 450
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An AE Obol struck 264-256 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: head of Alexander III right wearing elephant scalp headdress and aegis

Reverse: eagle standing on lightning left, spread wings; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ / A

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 10.1 g
No notes for this coin
Svornos 424
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An AE Dichalkon struck 264-222 BC in Salamis (Cyprus)
Obverse: Head of Zeus-Ammon facing right, wearing tainia, dotted border

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Cult statue of Aphrodite standing facing

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.26 g

Ptolemaic Kingdom

The reverse inscription translates to: "of King Ptolemy"

Svoronos 1008
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An AE unit struck c. 240 BC in Lycia | Caria
Obverse: diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: eagle standing on thunderbolt, tripod left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Lycia or Caria (according some sources Telmessos could be the mint)
Svoronos 793 (Ptolemy II–Ake-Ptolemaïs); Weiser 80-1 (Ptolemy III)
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An AE Eikosachalkon struck 246-235 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: Eagle with spread wings standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopia on shoulder; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, Λ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 31.01 g
Eikosachalkon = 5/2 Obol
Svoronos 1167, SEAR 8025
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An AE Triobol struck 246-222 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed; XP monogram between legs, filleted cornucopiae in left field

Diameter: 34 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 35.59 g
No notes for this coin
CPE B396; Svoronos 965; SNG Copenhagen 173-5
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An AE unit struck 246-221 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Head of Zevs Ammon

Reverse: Eagle on thunderbolt

Diameter: 42 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 51.55 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 7814, Sf., ss
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An AE Hemiobol struck c. 246-222 BC in Ioppe
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle with closed wings standing left on thunderbolt, harpē to left

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 4 g
The mintmark to the left of the eagle on this rare bronze hemiobol of Ptolemy III is a harpē; a type of ancient Greek sword which had a sickle protrusion along one edge near the tip of the blade. Lorber explains that these coins were assigned to Ioppe by Svoronos because the harpē was the weapon of Perseus, who according to myth rescued Andromeda in the harbour of Ioppe. A fun, if slightly irrelevant fact; Ioppe is an ancient port city in Israel that is also known as ‘Jaffa’ and later became famous for it’s delicious oranges. It’s also the name of my cat.
CPE B473; SNG Copenhagen 465 (Ptolemy II)
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An AE Hemidrachm struck 221-204 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopia to the left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, ΔI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 36.6 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1127; SNG Cop 202; Noeske 145; BMC Ptolemies p. 57, 109 - 110; Weiser 50 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.)
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An AE Drachm struck 221-205 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right.

Reverse: ΠΤΩΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopiae left, ΔΙ between legs.

Diameter: 41.75 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 73.07 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1125; SNG Copenhagen 199.
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An AE Hemidrachm struck 222-205/4 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Head of Zevs Ammon

Reverse: Eagle on thunderbolt

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 32.15 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1128; Weiser 52
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An AE Hemidrachm | Triobol struck c. 219 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia to left, ΔI between legs

Diameter: 34 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 36.46 g
No notes for this coin
CPE B496; Svoronos 1127
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An AE unit struck 221-204 BC in Paphos
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Aphrodite or Arsinoe III right

Reverse: eagle left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Svornos 1162
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An AE Dichalkon struck 221-204 BC in Paphos
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Aphrodite or Arsinoe III right

Reverse: cornucopia with fillet; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1161; SNG Copenhagen 649-650
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An AE Drachm struck 221-204 AD in Alexandria
Obverse: diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: eagle standing on thunderbolt left; cornucopia left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣE

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Svornos 992; SNG Copenhagen 205
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An AE unit struck 180-145 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus Ammon right

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, two eagles standing left, side-by-side, on thunderbolt, double cornucopia left

Diameter: 31 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 23.9 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1424
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An AE Tetrobol struck 180-170 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Wreathed head of Isis to right

Reverse: Eagle standing to left on thunderbolt; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ around, monogram to left

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 16.03 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1384; SNG Copenhagen 279-87
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An AE unit struck 145 - 116 BC in Egypt
Obverse: Bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress

Reverse: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 12 g
"This coin appears to have a style, low relief, and fabric similar to Weiser 127, except the Weiser coin is a bit cruder, with a straight vertical legend on the reverse left. Weiser attributes the Köln coin as a local imitative. In addition to some similarity to Weiser 127, our coin is very light for the type. It may also be an unofficial local issue."

EX FORVM Auction 58169
cf. Weiser 127 (unofficial local issue from the reign of Ptolemy V), Svoronos 1492, SNG Cop 333
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An AE unit struck 145-116 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: Two eagles with their wings closed standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopia to left

Diameter: 30 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 24.3 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1424B (Joint reign of Ptolemy VI and VIII); Weiser 142 (Ptolemy V); SNG Copenhagen 308-310 (Joint reign of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII); Noeske 212-5 (Joint reign of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII); Lorber & Faucher Series 7C.
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An AE Hemidrachm | Triobol struck 163-145 BC in Cyrene
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, wings spread; Φ to right

Diameter: 44 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 38.36 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Copenhagen 651; Svoronos 1641
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An AE 80? Drachm struck 180-173? BC in Alexandria
Obverse: diademed head of Zeus-Ammon

Reverse: 2 eagles standing on lightning left; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, cornucopia left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 29.71 g
No notes for this coin
Sv1424a
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An AE 30? Drachm struck 171-163 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Head of Zeus right with Amon's horns

Reverse: Two eagles standing on lightning, cornucopiae before them ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.37 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 1426; SNG Cop 315; Sear 7901
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An AE Diobol? struck 101-88 BC in Cyprus
Obverse: Head of Zeus-Ammon facing right, wearing diadem

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛEMAIOY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Eagle with closed wings standing facing left on thunderbolt; large aphlaston at left

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 7.45 g
Svoronos attributes to Kleopatra IV & Ptolemy XI, Dan Wolf of www.ptolemybronze.com, working closely with scholar Catharine Lorber, has attributed this issue to Ptolemy X Alexander I & Kleopatra Berenike
Svoronos 1813
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 54-53 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis

Reverse: ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle with folded wings standing left on thunderbolt; in left field, date (L KH) above headdress of Isis; in right field, ΠA

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.51 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin