Coins from Macedonia
Macedonia was an ancient Greek kingdom and region, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, bordered by Epirus to the west, Paionia to the north, Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south. Early geographers put the river Strimon as the eastern border of Macedonia with Thrace. However, as kingdom of Macedon was expanding and was pushing the Thracian tribes east, the river Nestos was regarded as the eastern border of the region and Sintice, Odomantis and Edonis were included in it.

This category covers the Macedonian Kings, as well as the cities of Amphipolis, Pella, Philippi, Stobi, Thessaloniki, Tragilos and more.

Macedonia

(1) Alexander III 336-323 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck
Reverse: AΛEΞAN∆POY, quiver, bow and club
Ref: Price 273
(2) Alexander III 336 - 323 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck
Reverse: ALEXANDROU, club, bow and quiver
Ref: None provided
(3) Alexander III 325-310 B.C.
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of Herakles clad in lion scalp headress
Reverse: Bow and Case above B dot A ; with club below
Ref: Price 0376 a-d
(4) Alexander III 336-323 AD
Obverse: Alexander III
Reverse: Zeus seated Left
Ref: None provided
(5) Alexander III 325-310 BC.
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Macedonian shield, thunderbolt on boss.
Reverse: Macedonian helmet, star below, B-A across fields.
Ref: Price 408; SNG Copenhagen 1119-21.
(6) Alexander III | Antigones II 277-239 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lion skin right
Reverse: rider on horse right; B / A
Ref: SGCV II 6787
(7) Alexander III | Antipater 325-323/322 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; cock left AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 79; Troxell, Studies, Issue E...
(8) Alexander III | Kassander 317-314 BC
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter boeotian shield left; snake under the throne, AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Price 249; SNG Copenhagen 728. Mull...
(9) Alexander IV 322-320 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; Phrygian cap before, BAΣIΛEΩΣ to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right.
Ref: Price 112; Troxell, Studies, Issue ...
(10) Amphipolis 168-31 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of Poseidon wearing tania right
Reverse: horse walking right; A_MΦIΠ_O / ΛITΩN, (ANT)
Ref: SNG ANS 128. SNG Cop. 65
(11) Antigones I 306-301 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Macedonian shield, boss decorated with facing gorgoneion
Reverse: Crested Macedonian helmet
Ref: None provided
(12) Antigones I c. 310-301 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; N in left field; Σ below throne.
Ref: Price 1802
(13) Antigones II 277-239 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: head of Athena with corinthian helmet right
Reverse: Pan erecting trophy; monograms: B upleft / A right / E left / (ANT) below (mirror N - usually is normal)
Ref: SNG Cop 1205 ff var
(14) Antoninus Pius 138-161 AD
Obverse: laureate bust right from behind; KAICAP_ANTΩNEINOC
Reverse: winged thunderbolt with four wings; KOINON MA_KEΔONΩN
Ref: BMC 155; SNG Cop. 430 var; Varbanov...
(15) Augustus 31-27 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: bare head right; ΚΑΙΣΑΡ / ΘΕΟΥ ΥΙΟΣ
Reverse: Artemis Tauropulos riding bull right; AMΦΙΠOΛEΙΤΩΝ
Ref: RPC I 1626; SNG ANS 164 - 165; SNG ...
(16) Augustus 27 BC - 14 AD
AE unit Philippi
Obverse: bare head right; AVG
Reverse: 2 priests with yoke of 2 oxen right plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary)
Ref: RPC I 1656, Varbanov III 3770, SNG ...
(17) Augustus 27 BC - 14 AD
AE unit Philippi
Obverse: bare head right; AVG
Reverse: 2 priests with yoke of 2 oxen right plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary)
Ref: RPC I 1656, Varbanov III 3770, SNG ...
(18) Augustus 27 BC-14 AD
Obverse: ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath
Reverse: ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΠΙΚΕΩΠ, Inscription in two lines within laurel wreath
Ref: RPC I 1561
(19) Augustus | Tiberius 4-14 AD
Obverse: laureate head of Augustus right; ΘEΣΣAΛON_IKEΩN
Reverse: bare head of Tiberius right; TIBEPIOΣ__KAIΣAP
Ref: RPC 1565; Moushmov 6683, SNGCop 400...
(20) Augustus | Tiberius 4-14 AD
Obverse: laureate head of Augustus right; ΘEΣΣAΛONI_KEΩN
Reverse: bare head of Tiberius right; TIBEPIOΣ__KAIΣAP
Ref: RPC 1565; Moushmov 6683, SNGCop 400...
(21) Caligula 37-41 AD
AE As equivalent Thessalonica
Obverse: Γ KAIΣAΡ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Head of Caligula facing left, wearing laurel wreath
Reverse: ΓEΡMANIKOΣ ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, Bare head of Germanicus facing left
Ref: RPC I 1572; Touratsoglou, Caligula ...
(22) Caligula | Antonia 37-41 AD
Obverse: laureate head left; Γ KAIΣAP ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN
Reverse: veiled bust of Antonia (grandmother of Caligula); ANTΩNIA_ΣEBAΣTH
Ref: RPC 1574
(23) Caligula | Antonia 37-41 AD
Obverse: laureate head left; Γ KAIΣAP ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN
Reverse: veiled bust of Antonia (grandmother of Caligula); ANTΩNIA_ΣEBAΣTH
Ref: RPC 1574
(24) Claudius 41-54 AD
Obverse: bare head left; TI KΛAYΔIOΣ_KAIΣAP
Reverse: macedonian shield; ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKEΔONΩN
Ref: RPC I 1612; Varbanov III 305; AMNG ...
(25) Claudius 41-54 AD
Obverse: bare head left TI KΛAYΔIOΣ_KAIΣAP
Reverse: macedonian shield ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKEΔONΩN
Ref: RPC I 1612; Varbanov III 305; AMNG ...
(26) Claudius | Britannicus 53-54 AD
Obverse: bare head of Claudius left, countermark; TI KΛAYΔIOC KAICAP CΕΒACTOC
Reverse: draped bust of Britannicus left; BPETANNIKOC ΘECCAΛONI
Ref: RPC 1588
(27) Demetrius I Poliorketes 290-283 BC
AE unit Caria?
Obverse: Demetrios' head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ∆ΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ, Prow right, BA above, AP monogram below, double axe before.
Ref: Newell 163, SNG Cop 1185, SNG Münch...
(28) Demetrius I Poliorketes 306-283 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: macedonian shield with (ΔHP)
Reverse: macedonian helmet; BA _ ΣI
Ref: SGCV II 6774, SNG Cop 1224, AMNG 1,...
(29) Heraclea Sintica c. 100-50 BC
Obverse: macedonian shield; ·HPAKΛEWTWN·
Reverse: club; EΠI CTPYMONI
Ref: SNGCop 185
(30) Julius Caesar | Augustus 27 BC - 14 AD*
Obverse: bare head of Julius Caesar right; ΘEOC
Reverse: bare head of Augustus right; ΘEΣΣAΛO_NIKEΩN
Ref: RPC I 1555
(31) Julius Caesar | Octavian 28-27 BC
AE 2 Asses? Thessalonica
Obverse: ΘEOΣ, Head of Divus Julius Caesar facing right, wearing laurel wreath; NK countermark
Reverse: ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, Bare head of Octavian facing right; Δ below
Ref: RPC I 1554; c/m Howgego 651
(32) Kassander 319-297 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: ΚΑΣΣΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, tripod lebes
Ref: SNG Cop 1162
(33) Kassander 306-297 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: tripod; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / KAΣΣANΔPOY, (KA) down
Ref: AMNG 9; Weber 2162; Sear sg6755
(34) Kassander ca. 305-298 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Helmet with cheek-guard facing left
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAΣΣANΔΡOΥ, Spear head
Ref: SNG München 1035
Fourree Tetradrachm Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Σ in left field, AP monogram below throne.
Ref: None provided
(36) Lysimachos 297-282 BC
Obverse: Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; YHKA monogram in circle in left field, HΡ monogram in exergue.
Ref: Muller 311 (Cf. CNG Mail Bid 84, 20...
(37) Macedon (Protectorate) 148-146 BC
AE unit Pella?
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: feeding cow right; ΓΑMIOY (ΠΛY) / (BT), TAMIOY
Ref: BMC Macedonia p. 18, 76; SNG Cop 13...
(38) Macedon (Protectorate) c. 168-149 BC
Obverse: bust of Artemis Tauropolos right, bow and quiver on shoulder, all on Macedonian shield
Reverse: club within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; (AP) / MAKEΔONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ
Ref: SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean ...
(39) Macedon (Protectorate) 167-149 BC
Obverse: Diameded and draped bust of Artemis, with bow and quiver over shoulder, in the centre of a Macedonian shield; Shield decorated with seven six-pointed stars within double crescents.
Reverse: Club; AP Monogram and MAKEΔONΩN above, ΠPΩTHΣ below; All within oak wreath, Thunderbolt to left .
Ref: SNG Copenhagen 1310–1. Sear Greece...
(40) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: trident MAKE / ΔONΩN (ΩE) / (ME) / (H)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 37, 63; SNG Copenhagen...
(41) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: trident; MAKE / ΔONΩN (ΩE) / (ME) / (H)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 37, 63; SNG Copenhagen...
(42) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Amphipolis
Obverse: head of rivergod Strymon right
Reverse: ornamented wide trident; MAKE / ΔONΩN, (ΠΩP) / (NΔE)
Ref: AMNG III, S. 36, 54; SNG Copenhagen...
(43) Macedonia 187-168 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: diademed head of Poseidon right
Reverse: inscription above and below club, all in oak wreath; MAKE / ΔONΩN / ? / (HP)?
Ref: Laffaille323 var. BMC.52 Cop.1296
(44) Macedonia 90-75 BC
Obverse: diademed head of Alexander III right, Horn of Ammon; MAKEΔONΩN, Θ
Reverse: club, money-chest (cista) left, quaestor's chair (sella curulis) right, all within laurel wreath; AESILLAS, Q
Ref: AMNG III 217. SNG Cop. 1330
(45) Macedonia c. 185-168 BC
Obverse: head of Maenad right wreathed with vine leaves and grapes, wearing necklace and earrings
Reverse: stern of galley right, star above; MAKE / ΔONΩN, M?
Ref: SGCV I 1384, SNG Cop 1292
(46) Macedonia 179-168 BC
Obverse: head of Perseus (hero) right wearing winged helmet peaked with griffin head; harpa right
Reverse: eagle facing, head right; B_A / (ΠEP) / A (ΓH)
Ref: SNG Alpha Bank 1135-42 var.
Obverse: Α Γ Ω N Ο Θ Ε Σ Ι Α, Bust of Agonotheseia right.
Reverse: ANT KAI within wreath
Ref: RPC I 1552. SNG ANS 819. SNG Copenh...
(48) Marcus Aurelius 161-180 AD
Obverse: radiate head right; KAICAP AN_TΩNINOC
Reverse: winged thunderbolt; KOINON MA_KEΔONΩN
Ref: Varbanov 3051/3052var (Büste).
(49) Mende c. 460-423 BC
Obverse: ass standing right
Reverse: crow standing right within incuse square
Ref: SNG ANS 354
(50) Neapolis (Macedonia) c. 424-350 BC
Obverse: facing head of Medusa (Gorgoneion), tongue protruding
Reverse: diademed female head right; NEOΠ
Ref: SNG ANS 430-454; SNG Cop 227; SNG B...
(51) Pella 187-168/167 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: laureated head of Apollo right
Reverse: lyre; ΠΕΛΛΗΣ / (?) AKΦ
Ref: BMC 11; SNG ANS 587
(52) Pella 187-168/167 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: laureated head of Apollo right
Reverse: lyre; ΠΕΛΛΗΣ
Ref: BMC 11; SNG ANS 587
(53) Pella 187-31 BC
AE unit Pella
Obverse: head of Pan right, pedum (shepherd's crook) at his shoulder
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos holding spear and shield advancing right; ΠΕΛ / ΛΗΣ, (ΠΩPA) / (?)
Ref: BMC #5; Sear #1445; Moushmov #6449;...
(54) Philip I 244-249 AD
AE unit Edessa
Obverse: laureate draped and cuirassed bust right from behind AV K MA IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC
Reverse: Roma seated on shield holding Victory (with wreath and palm) in her right hand and parazonium in left; Tyche behind is crowning Roma with wreath and holding cornucopia; EΔE_CCA_I_ΩN OMONOI / A
Ref: Moushmov 6277 Plate XLIV 21
(55) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (trident?)
Ref: SNG Cop - (cf 148), BMC - (cf 366),...
(56) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (Λ.)
Ref: Müller 129
(57) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, ?
Ref: Sear #6696
(58) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: Diademed head of Apollo right
Reverse: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ. Youth on horse rearing right. Control: Below, spearhead right
Ref: SNG ANS 850-1
(59) Philip II 359 - 336 BC
AR Tetradrachm Unknown mint
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Youth on horseback right, holding palm frond
Ref: None provided
(60) Philip II Junior 247-249 AD
Obverse: radiate and draped bust right from behind; MAP IOYΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC KE
Reverse: tetrastyle temple seen in prospective (3/4 left); ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA
Ref: obv, Varbanov.4740; rev. Varbanov 4...
(61) Philip III c. 323 - 319 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress
Reverse: ΦIΛIΠΠOY / Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, monogram below throne
Ref: Price P57, Müller Alexander P89a, S...
(62) Philip II | Philip III 323-315 BC
Obverse: head of Apollo wearing tainia right
Reverse: horseman riding right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, M in wreath
Ref: Le Rider pl. 45, 33; SNG ANS 625-7;...
(63) Philip V 220-179 BC
AE unit Unknown mint
Obverse: head of bearded Harakles right wearing lion's skin
Reverse: inscription above and below harpa, all in oak wreath; ΔI / BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΦIΛIΠΠOY
Ref: cf. SNG Alpha Bank 1116 ff., SNG Co...
(64) Philippi 41-68 AD
AE unit Philippi
Obverse: Victory left holding wreath and palm branch; VIC _ AVG
Reverse: 3 standards; COHOR _ PRAE / PHIL
Ref: SNG ANS 677; SNG Copen 305, SGI 32....
(65) Rome | Histiaia c. 168 BC
Obverse: head of Histiaia right with wine-wreath
Reverse: nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, holding stylis; ornate apluster; IΣTI_AIEΩN, crescent below
Ref: See SGCV I p. 233 note following #2...
(66) Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
AE unit Stobi
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; PIVS AVG__SEVERVS
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm; MVNI_C__STOB
Ref: Josifkovski 121; Varbanov 3847 ???
(67) Severus Alexander 222-235 AD
AE unit Pella
Obverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIS AVG, Bust of Alexander facing right, wearing crown
Reverse: COL IVL AVG PELLA, City-goddess seated facing left, wearing kalathos, right hand raised to her head
Ref: Varbanov 3735 var.; Moushmov 6479 v...
(68) Siris c. 500-480 BC
Obverse: Satyr crouching right, without tail; •
Reverse: rough incuse square
Ref: HPM p. 81, 12, pl. VII, 13 var. (no...
(69) Thessalonica Circa 187-31 BC
Obverse: Wreathed head of Dionysos right
Reverse: Pegasos flying right
Ref: Cf. SNG ANS 800 (Goat on reverse)
(70) Thessalonica 187-31 BC
Obverse: head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
Reverse: goat standing right; ΘEΣΣAΛ_O / N_IKH_Σ, (ΔH) / (ΓK)
Ref: Sear #1466;
(71) Thessalonica 187-31 BC
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: horse running right, below caduceus; ΘEΣΣAΛO / NIKHΣ
Ref: BMC Macedonia p. 112, 40; SNG Dreer...
(72) Thessalonica 187-31 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: two goats butting heads; ΘE_Σ / Σ_A / Λ_ONIK_HΣ
Ref: SNG Cop 350. Moushmov 6595.
(73) Thessalonica 187-31 BC
Obverse: laureated and bearded head of Zeus right
Reverse: eagle with spread wings standing right on lightning; ΘEΣΣAΛO / NIKHΣ, (AVTE)
Ref: BMC 30; SNGANS 801; Gaebler 16; Mou...
(74) Tiberius
AE unit Philippi
Obverse: TI. AVG. Bare head of Tiberius right
Reverse: Two figures plowing right with oxen
Ref: RPC 1657
(75) Tiberius 14-37 AD
AE unit Philippi?
Obverse: TI AVG, Bare head of Tiberius facing right
Reverse: Two priests plowing to the right with yoke of oxen
Ref: RPC I 1657
(76) Tiberius | Livia 14-29 AD
Obverse: laureate head of Tiberius right; TI·KAIΣAP ΣE_BAΣTOΣ
Reverse: bust of Livia right; ΘEΣΣAΛONI_KEΩN ΣEBAΣTH
Ref: RPC I 1568
(77) Trajan 100 AD
AE unit Stobi
Obverse: laureate head righ;t IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M TR P COS III
Reverse: Asklepios standing in tetrastyle temple half right, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; round shield in pediment; MVNI_CIPI S_TO_BENSIVM
Ref: Josifovski Stobi 56 (V8/R?); Varban...
(78) Uranopolis 302-290? BC
AE unit Uranopolis
Obverse: sun with 8 rays
Reverse: Aphrodite Urania sitting on globe* half left; ΟΥΡΑΝΙΔΩΝ / ΠOΛEΩΣ
Ref: SNG Cop 455 - 457; BMC Macedonia p....