Coins from Eastern Empire
The Eastern Empire category covers the period from the ascension of Arcadius in 393 AD to the death of Zeno in 491 AD, which in our classification marks the beginning of the Byzantine empire – although the distinction is of course somewhat artificial.

Unlike it’s western counterpart, the Eastern Empire did not experience a rapid decline and fall following the death of Theodosius – rather, it was reinvigorated and emerged again strong enough to last for another 1000 years. But that’s still some way down the line.

Numismatically, the quality and size of the coins struck during these years steadily declined. Where the coins of Arcadius are readily available and easily attributable, the long reign of Theodosius II (402-450 AD) saw only limited coin production, and of a quality which makes attribution a nightmare more often than not.
Eastern Empire
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An BL Centenionalis struck 402-404 AD in Antioch
Obverse: AEL EVDOXIA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by hand of God

Reverse: SALVS REIPVLICAE, Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho inside on column

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.1 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 104, Sear 20895
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 401-403 AD in Cyzicus
Obverse: diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by Hand of God; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG

Reverse: Victory seated right, holding shield with (XP) inside on column; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / SMKA?

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.78 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 103, SRCV 4241?
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 400-401 AD in Constantinopolis
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right, hand of god above; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG

Reverse: Eudoxia seated facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by hand of god, cross left; GLORIA RO_MANORVM / CON?

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
9.1.400 - 401 AD
RIC X Constantinople 77 (S gamma) / 78 ( B, gamma, delta) LRBC II 2218 / 2220, SRCV V 20887
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An AE Centenionalis struck 401-403 AD in Antioch
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right, hand of god above; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG

Reverse: Victory seated right, inscribing christogram on shield set on cippus; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / ANTΓ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 393-395 AD in Constantinopolis
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG

Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy on shoulder, dragging captive behind her. Chi-Rho in left field.

Diameter: 13 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 1.2 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 20847
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An AE Centenionalis struck AD 402 in Nicomedia
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, Cuirassed bust with helmeted head facing, holding spear and shield

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis seated in front, holding Victory on globe and sceptre

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 20805
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An Centenionalis struck AD 84-387 in Siscia
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Arcadius in military attire advancing right, head left, dragging captive by the hair with right hand and holding labarum in left

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 20814
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck AD 388-392 in Antioch
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy on shoulder, dragging captive behind her. Chi-Rho in left field.

Diameter: 12 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.5 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 20852
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An AE Centenionalis struck AD 402 in Antioch
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, Cuirassed bust with helmeted head facing, holding spear and shield

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis seated in front, holding Victory on globe and sceptre

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 97, Sear 20807
(10) Arcadius
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An AE Follis struck 392-395 AD in Antioch
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS P F AVG, Bust of Arcadius facing right, wearing cuirass, drapery, and pearl diadem

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Arcadius on horseback facing right, right hand raised; ANTB in exergue

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 1.94 g
GLORIA ROMANORVM="Glory of the Romans"

ANTB=Second officina in Antioch
RIC IX Antioch 69c
(11) Arcadius
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An AE unit struck 392-395 A.D. in Nicomedia
Obverse: D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and globe

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.15 g
SMNB
RIC IX 46b
(12) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 388-393 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG

Reverse: Victory advancing left, holding trophy and dragging captive; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / (XP) / AQS

Diameter: 12 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.01 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Aquileia 58c
(13) Arcadius
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An AE Maiorina struck 383-388 AD in Cyzicus
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG

Reverse: Arcadius standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and globe; VIRTVS E_XERCITI / SMKΔ

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.31 g
25.8.383 - 28.7.388 AD
RIC IX Cyzicus 25c
(14) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 395-401 AD in Constantinopolis
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG

Reverse: Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm; VIRTVS_EXERCITI / CONSA

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.13 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 60
(15) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 383 AD in Nicomedia
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG

Reverse: VOT / V within wreath; SMNΓ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.32 g
19.1.383 - 25.8.383 AD
RIC IX Nicomedia 37c
(16) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 388-392 AD in Cyzicus
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG

Reverse: Victory dragging bounded captive left, trophy on shoulder; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / (XP) / SMKA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.89 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Cyzicus 26c/30b
(17) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 388-392 AD in Constantinople
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG / pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive; CONS?

Diameter: 13 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.97 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Constantinople 86c; Sear 20847
(18) Arcadius
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck c. 404-406 AD in Alexandria
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG

Reverse: cross; CONCORDIA (A/N)VG / ALEA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC X 120
(19) Arcadius
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An AE Maiorina struck 378-383 AD in Antioch
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right holding spear and shield in front; hand of god above; DN ARCAD_IVS P F AVG

Reverse: Arcadius facing, head left, resting hand on shield set on ground, holding labarum; kneeling captive to the right; GLORIA RO_MANORVM / cross / *ANTS

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Antioch 41a
(20) Honorius
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An AE Centenionalis struck AD 393-395 in Nicomedia
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM. Arcadius in military attire on horseback pacing right, his right hand raised

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.4 g
RIC IX Nicomedia 47c; Sear 20997
Sear 20816ff
(21) Leo I
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An AU Solidus struck 462-466 AD in Constantinopolis
Obverse: diademed, helmeted and cuirassed 3/4 facing bust, spear over shoulder; D N LEO PE_RPET AVG

Reverse: Victory standing left with long cross; VICTORI_A AVGGG B / * / CON OB

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.42 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 605, DOC 528
(22) Leo I
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 457-474 AD in Constantinople
Obverse: pearl-didemed draped and cuirassed, bust right; D N LEO P AVG

Reverse: lying lion left, head right; CON

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC 668ff.
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An AE Nummus struck 450-457 AD in Thessalonica
Obverse: DN MARCIANVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: Monogram 1B within wreath

Diameter: 10 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 1.18 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 535
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 425-435 AD in an unknown location
Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Cross in wreath

Diameter: 10 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 0.83 g

Mintmark off flan.

Sear 21231-21234
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An AE Centenionalis struck AD 406-408 in Constantinopolis
Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Aracadius & Honorius standing on either side of a shorter Theodosius II, looking towards each other and holding spear and shields, the younger looking forward and holding spear and globe

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 21193
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 425-435 AD in Cyzicus
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG

Reverse: christian cross within wreath wreath (X in jewel); SMKB

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.19 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 449
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 425-435 AD in an unknown location
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG

Reverse: Victory facing, holding wreath in each hand; CONCORDI AVG / ???

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.1 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X (431-439)?
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An AR Light miliarense struck 408-420 in Constantinople
Obverse: D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Theodosius II to left

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM / CON Theodosius II, nimbate and in military attire, standing front, head to left, raising his right hand in salute and holding globe in his left; in field to left, star

Diameter: 23.5 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 4.26 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 370
(29) Zeno
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An AU Solidus struck 476-491 AD in Thessalonica
Obverse: DN ZENO PERP AVG, Bust of Zeno facing slightly right, wearing helmet, pearl diadem, and cuirass, holding spear in right hand behind head and shield decorated with horseman on left arm

Reverse: VICTORIA AVGGG, Victory standing facing left, holding long jeweled cross; star in left and right fields; CONOB in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.28 g
Ex. Eliasberg
RIC X Zeno (East) 939
(30) Zeno
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An AE Nummus struck 476-791 in Constantinople
Obverse: Laureate, draped bust right

Reverse: Type 5 Monogram

Diameter: 0.9 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC X 962
(31) Zeno
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An AU Solidus struck 476 - 491 AD in Constantinople
Obverse: D N ZENO - PERP AVG: Bust of Zeno, helmeted, pearl-diademed, cuirassed, facing front, holding spear in right hand behind head and shield decorated with horseman on left arm

Reverse: VICTORI-A AVGGGΔ: Victory, winged, draped, standing right, supporting long jeweled cross; star in right field. MintMark: -/-//CONOB

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.46 g
Epsilon graffito in obv. field.
RIC X Zeno (East) 910