Coins from Eastern Empire
The Eastern Empire category covers the period from the ascension of Arcadius in 393 AD to the death of Zeno in 491 AD, which in our classification marks the beginning of the Byzantine empire – although the distinction is of course somewhat artificial.

Unlike it’s western counterpart, the Eastern Empire did not experience a rapid decline and fall following the death of Theodosius – rather, it was reinvigorated and emerged again strong enough to last for another 1000 years. But that’s still some way down the line.

Numismatically, the quality and size of the coins struck during these years steadily declined. Where the coins of Arcadius are readily available and easily attributable, the long reign of Theodosius II (402-450 AD) saw only limited coin production, and of a quality which makes attribution a nightmare more often than not.

Eastern Empire

(1) Aelia Eudoxia 402-404 AD
Obverse: AEL EVDOXIA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by hand of God
Reverse: SALVS REIPVLICAE, Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho inside on column
Ref: RIC 104, Sear 20895
(2) Aelia Eudoxia 401-403 AD
Obverse: diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by Hand of God; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG
Reverse: Victory seated right, holding shield with (XP) inside on column; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / SMKA?
Ref: RIC X 103, SRCV 4241?
(3) Aelia Eudoxia 400-401 AD
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right, hand of god above; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG
Reverse: Eudoxia seated facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by hand of god, cross left; GLORIA RO_MANORVM / CON?
Ref: RIC X Constantinople 77 (S gamma) /...
(4) Aelia Eudoxia 401-403 AD
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right, hand of god above; AEL EVDO_XIA AVG
Reverse: Victory seated right, inscribing christogram on shield set on cippus; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / ANTΓ
Ref: RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 280...
(5) Arcadius 393-395 AD
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy on shoulder, dragging captive behind her. Chi-Rho in left field.
Ref: Sear 20847
(6) Arcadius AD 402
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, Cuirassed bust with helmeted head facing, holding spear and shield
Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis seated in front, holding Victory on globe and sceptre
Ref: Sear 20805
(7) Arcadius AD 84-387
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Arcadius in military attire advancing right, head left, dragging captive by the hair with right hand and holding labarum in left
Ref: Sear 20814
(8) Arcadius AD 388-392
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy on shoulder, dragging captive behind her. Chi-Rho in left field.
Ref: Sear 20852
(9) Arcadius AD 402
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, Cuirassed bust with helmeted head facing, holding spear and shield
Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Constantinopolis seated in front, holding Victory on globe and sceptre
Ref: RIC 97, Sear 20807
(10) Arcadius 392-395 AD
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS P F AVG, Bust of Arcadius facing right, wearing cuirass, drapery, and pearl diadem
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Arcadius on horseback facing right, right hand raised; ANTB in exergue
Ref: RIC IX Antioch 69c
(11) Arcadius 392-395 A.D.
AE unit Nicomedia
Obverse: D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and globe
Ref: RIC IX 46b
(12) Arcadius 388-393 AD
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Reverse: Victory advancing left, holding trophy and dragging captive; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / (XP) / AQS
Ref: RIC IX Aquileia 58c
(13) Arcadius 383-388 AD
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG
Reverse: Arcadius standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and globe; VIRTVS E_XERCITI / SMKΔ
Ref: RIC IX Cyzicus 25c
(14) Arcadius 395-401 AD
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG
Reverse: Arcadius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm; VIRTVS_EXERCITI / CONSA
Ref: RIC X 60
(15) Arcadius 383 AD
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG
Reverse: VOT / V within wreath; SMNΓ
Ref: RIC IX Nicomedia 37c
(16) Arcadius 388-392 AD
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADIVS P F AVG
Reverse: Victory dragging bounded captive left, trophy on shoulder; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / (XP) / SMKA
Ref: RIC IX Cyzicus 26c/30b
(17) Arcadius 388-392 AD
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG / pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive; CONS?
Ref: RIC IX Constantinople 86c; Sear 208...
(18) Honorius AD 393-395
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM. Arcadius in military attire on horseback pacing right, his right hand raised
Ref: Sear 20816ff
(19) Leo I 462-466 AD
Obverse: diademed, helmeted and cuirassed 3/4 facing bust, spear over shoulder; D N LEO PE_RPET AVG
Reverse: Victory standing left with long cross; VICTORI_A AVGGG B / * / CON OB
Ref: RIC X 605, DOC 528
(20) Marcianus 450-457 AD
Obverse: DN MARCIANVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Monogram 1B within wreath
Ref: RIC X 535
(21) Theodosius II 425-435 AD
AE Half-Centenionalis Unknown mint
Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed and draped bust right
Reverse: Cross in wreath
Ref: Sear 21231-21234
(22) Theodosius II AD 406-408
Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Aracadius & Honorius standing on either side of a shorter Theodosius II, looking towards each other and holding spear and shields, the younger looking forward and holding spear and globe
Ref: Sear 21193
(23) Theodosius II 425-435 AD
Obverse: pearl-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N THEODO_SIVS P F AVG
Reverse: christian cross within wreath wreath (X in jewel); SMKB
Ref: RIC X 449
(24) Theodosius II 425-435 AD
AE Half-Centenionalis Unknown mint
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
Reverse: Victory facing, holding wreath in each hand; CONCORDI AVG / ???
Ref: RIC X (431-439)?
(25) Zeno 476-491 AD
Obverse: DN ZENO PERP AVG, Bust of Zeno facing slightly right, wearing helmet, pearl diadem, and cuirass, holding spear in right hand behind head and shield decorated with horseman on left arm
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGGG, Victory standing facing left, holding long jeweled cross; star in left and right fields; CONOB in exergue
Ref: RIC X Zeno (East) 939
(26) Zeno 476-791
Obverse: Laureate, draped bust right
Reverse: Type 5 Monogram
Ref: RIC X 962
(27) Zeno 476 - 491 AD
Obverse: D N ZENO - PERP AVG: Bust of Zeno, helmeted, pearl-diademed, cuirassed, facing front, holding spear in right hand behind head and shield decorated with horseman on left arm
Reverse: VICTORI-A AVGGGΔ: Victory, winged, draped, standing right, supporting long jeweled cross; star in right field. MintMark: -/-//CONOB
Ref: RIC X Zeno (East) 910