Coins from Before 211 BC
Roman coinage produced before the introduction of the denarius system in 211 BC.
Before 211 BC
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An AE Semuncia struck 217-215 BC in Rome
Obverse: Turreted and draped female bust (Cybele?) right.

Reverse: Nude rider, holding whip, on horse prancing right; below, ROMA.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.68 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 39/5
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An AE Uncia struck 217-215 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma left, pellet behind.

Reverse: Prow right, ROMA above, pellet below.

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 11.16 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 38/6, Sydenham 86.
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An AE Semuncia struck 217-215 BC in Rome
Obverse: Head of Mercury right wearing petasos.

Reverse: Prow of galley right; ROMA above.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.32 g
Semi-libral standard.
Crawford 38/7, Sydenham 87.
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An AE Hemilitron struck 234-231 BC in Rome
Obverse: Head of Roma right, wearing Phrygian helmet.

Reverse: Dog standing right, raising forepaw; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 11 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.79 g
Provenance: Private purchase (November 2017).
Crawford 26/4
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An AR Didrachm struck 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri

Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga driven by Victory right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt; ROMA below

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.72 g
No notes for this coin
Cr. 28/2, Syd. 65
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An AE Half-Litra struck 235-231 BC in Rome
Obverse: Head of Roma or Minerva(?) right, wearing Phrygian helmet.

Reverse: Dog standing right, left forepaw raised in pointing stance; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 12 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 1.37 g
Provenance: Heritage Auctions, Weekly auction 231923 (29 May 2019), Ex Goodman collection, Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 842; Ex Virgil Brand (1862-1926) collection, Part VII (Sotheby's , 25 October 1984, lot 478 (part of). Ex Niklovitz collection, Leo Hamburger (19 October 1925), lot 221.
Crawford 26/4
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An AR Didrachm struck c. 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Janus

Reverse: Jupiter, holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on tablet below

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 6.76 g
This deeply toned beauty came with a small storage box that was labelled ‘bought at Ball Berlin’. Robert Ball Nachf. (the Nachf. stands for Nachfolger which means ‘successors’) was one of the big numismatic mail-order and auction houses of the 1920’s and 30’s. According to a fellow collector, Andrew McCabe recently received a coin with a similar box and traced it’s creator as Thomas James Clarke, a businessman and collector who lived between 1875-1952. It could be possible that he bought the coin from Robert Ball for himself, but this is not certain since it seems he also made the boxes for other collectors. I’m still hoping to trace this coins full provenance some day.
Crawford 28/3; RSC 23; Sydenham 64
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An AR Didrachm struck c. 225-214 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate janiform head of Janus

Reverse: Jupiter, holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on tablet below

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 6.57 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 28/3; RSC 23; Sydenham 64
(9) Rome
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An Aes grave As struck 215-211 BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate head of Janus

Reverse: prow of galley left; I

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 41/5a; Sydenham 101
(10) Rome
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An AR Didrachm struck 225-217 BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate head of Janus

Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right. Jupiter holding thunderbolt and scepter, Victory holding reins; ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 34/1, Albert: 90.
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An AE Uncia struck 217-215 BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing crested Corinthian helmet ●

Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA ●

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.6 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 38/6, SRCV I 615, Sydenham 86, BMCRR 88, McCabe group AA semilibral
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An AE Quartuncia struck 217-215 BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing crested Corinthian helmet

Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 38/8, SRCV I 624, Sydenham 88, BMCRR 169; McCabe anon bronze series AA (semilibral)
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An Aes grave Quadrans struck 225-217 BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Hercules left wearing lion's skin ●●●

Reverse: prow of galley right ●●●

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 64.8 g
scarce
Crawford 35/4; Thurlow & Vecchi 54; Haeberlin pl. 18, 1-9
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An AE Litra struck c. 273-260 BC in Rome
Obverse: helmeted head of Minerva left

Reverse: horse head right with bridle; ROMANO

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 17/1a; BMC Romano-Campanian 6