Coins from 145-107 BC
The period between the end of the 3rd Punic War and the last Macedonian War, which ended in 148 BC, was one of great social upheaval.

The many conflicts in the previous decades had seen the plebians grow poorer and their farms fall into disrepair. On the other hand, the landed aristocracy was having a field day, buying up bankrupt farms. The result was that masses of unemployed plebeians soon began to flood into Rome, and with them support for the candidate which offered them the most.

The Gracchi brothers were two of the most radical reformers, and while they initially had great success they were both eventually defeated and their reforms repealed. This would later result in the devestating war known as the Social War.

145-107 BC

(1) A. Spurilius 142 (139)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Luna in biga right holding goad and reins A·SP(VR)I ROMA
Ref: SRCV I 107, Crawford 230/1, Sydenha...
(2) Ap. Claudius Pulcher | T. Manlius Macinus | Q. Urbanus 109 (111-110)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; circle in triangle behind
Reverse: victory in triga right holding reins T·(MAL)·A·P CL·Q·(VR)
Ref: Crawford 299/1b; Sydenham 570a; Mal...
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right GEM (XVI)
Reverse: Mars in quadriga right holding trophy and reins, shield, spear C·(AB)(VR)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 244/1, Sydenham 490, BMCRR...
(4) C. Cassius C.f. Longinus 130 (126)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, urn behind; (XVI)
Reverse: Libertas in quadriga right holding pileus, scepter and reins; C·CASSI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 266/1, Sydenham 502, BMCRR...
(5) C. Fonteius 112 (114-113)BC
Obverse: laureate Janiform heads of Dioscuri; T _ (XVI)
Reverse: war galley left, acrostolium, ram and deck house at prow, three sailors and five oars amidships; deck house, gubernator, rudder, and apluster at stern; C·FO(NT) / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 290/1, SRCV I 167, RSC I F...
(6) C. Fonteius 114-113 BC
Obverse: Laureate, janiform heads of the Dioscuri, E to left and mark of value to right
Reverse: Galley left with three rowers, gubernator at stern; C•FONT above, ROMA below
Ref: Crawford 290/1; RSC Fonteia 1
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right, holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus. C·A_VG
Ref: Crawford 242/1, SRCV I 119, Sydenha...
(8) C. Numitorius 136? (133)BC
Obverse: head of Hercules right wearing lion skin, club below ●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right ●●● C·NVMITRI ROMA
Ref: Crawford 246/4a
(9) C. Plautius C.f. 124 (121)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right; X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear; C·PLVTI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 278/1, SRCV I 153, Sydenha...
(10) C. Renius 144 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Juno Caprotina in biga of goats right holding whip, scepter and reins C·RENI ROMA
Ref: Crawford 231/1, SRCV I 108, Sydenha...
(11) C. Servilius M.f. 137 (136)BC
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right wreath left (XVI) ROMA
Reverse: the Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads turned confronting, each with star above his head and holding a spear C·SERVEILI·M·F
Ref: Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC I...
(12) C. Servilius M.f. 137 (136)BC
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right, wreath left; (XVI) ROMA
Reverse: the Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads turned confronting, each with star above his head and holding a spear; C·SERVEILI·M·F
Ref: Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC I...
(13) C. Servilius M.f. 136 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, pendant earring and necklace; behind, wreath above star, ROMA below
Reverse: The Dioscuri on horseback rearing in opposing directions, heads facing one another, each holding couched spear; stars above, C•SERVEILI•M•F in exergue
Ref: Crawford 239/1; RSC Servilia 1; Sea...
(14) C. Servilius Vatia 126 (127)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; lituus left; (XVI) / ROMA
Reverse: Marcus Servilius Pulex Geminus, consul 202 BC, left fighting a duel on horse, holding spear and shield inscribed with M. Other horseman riding left holding sword and shield; C·SER(VE)IL
Ref: Crawford 264/1, SRCV I I 140, Syden...
(15) C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus 144 (140)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding whip and reins; FLAC / C·(VAL)·C·F / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 228/2, SRCV I 104, Sydenha...
Obverse: Helmeted Scipio Africanus head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet,* monogram above / CN BLASIO CN F before, prow behind.
Reverse: The Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, holding sceptre and thunderbolt, standing facing between Juno and Minerva / Π in field, ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford-296/1d, Cornelia 19.
(17) Cn. Cornelius Blasio 112/111 BC
Obverse: Head of Mars right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; CN BLASIO CN F before, XVI monogram above, control symbol (acrostolium?) behind
Reverse: Jupiter standing facing, holding sceptre and thunderbolt, between Juno and Minerva, the latter crowning Jupiter with wreath; palm branch in central field, dolphin in right field, ROMA (divided by eagle) in exergue
Ref: Sydenham 561d; RSC Cornelia 20; Sea...
(18) Cn. Domitius 130 (128)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, grain ear left (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins, man attacking lion with spear below ROMA CN·DOM
Ref: Crawford 261/1; Sydenham 514; Domit...
(19) Cn. Fulvius 117 (117-116)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins C(N F)O(VL) M·C(AL)·Q·(MET)
Ref: Crawford 284/1b, RSC I Fulvia 1, Sy...
(20) Cn. Gellius 142 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, all within wreath X
Reverse: Mars and Nerio in quadriga right; Mars holding Nerio and shield CN·GEL ROMA
Ref: Crawford 232/1, SRCV 109, RSC I Gel...
(21) Cn. Lucretius Trio 141 (136)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet; TRIO / X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, stars over pilei, holding spear and reins; CN·LVCR / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 237/1a, RSC I Lucretia 1, ...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram before, GRAG behind
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins, thunderbolt and sceptre; L•ANTES below, ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 238/1; RSC Antestia 9; Sea...
(23) L. Antestius Gragulus 138 (136)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; GRAG_(XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, horling thunderbolt and holding scepter and reins; L·A(NTE)S / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 238/1, Sydenham 451, RSC I...
(24) L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus 130 BC (128 BC)
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; (XVI)
Reverse: Pax in biga right, holding branch, reins and scepter, elephant head below; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 262/1, RSC I Caecilia 38, ...
(25) L. Flaminius Chilo I 107 (109-108)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding wreath and reins L·FLAMINI CILO
Ref: Crawford 302/1, SRCV I 179, RSC I F...
(26) L. Flaminius Chilo I 109-108 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X below chin, ROMA behind
Reverse: Victory driving biga right, L FLAMINI below, CILO in exergue
Ref: Crawford 302/1; RSC Flaminia 1; Sea...
(27) L. Julius I 146 (141)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet XVI
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right holding spears and reins; stars over their heads L·I(VL)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 224/1, SRCV I 100, Sydenha...
(28) L. Marcius Q.f. Q.n. Philippus 113 (113-112)BC
Obverse: helmet, diademed bust of Philip V king of Macedon right with goat's horns (ROMA) Φ
Reverse: equestrian statue right, holding laurel branch, flower below L·PHILIPPVS (XVI)
Ref: Crawford 293/1, SRCV I 170, Sydenha...
(29) L. Minucius 132 (133)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right holding thunderbolt, reins and scepter ROMA L·MINVCIV
Ref: Crawford 248/1, SRCV I 125, Sydenha...
(30) L. Porcius Licinus 120-119 (118)BC
AR Denarius Serratus Sardinia | Narbonensis
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; L·PORCI LICI (XVI)
Reverse: naked Gallic warrior riding in biga right, holding spear, reins, shield and carnyx; L·LIC·CN·DOM
Ref: Crawford 282/5, SRCV I 158, Sydenha...
(31) L. Valerius Flaccus 108-107 BC
Obverse: Draped bust of Victory right; XVI monogram below chin
Reverse: Mars walking left, holding spear and carrying trophy over left shoulder; L•VALERI FLACCI and apex before; corn-ear behind
Ref: RSC Valeria 11; Crawford 306/1; Sea...
Obverse: Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin; behind, three pellets and below neck truncation club.
Reverse: Prow right; before, three pellets, above M·ABVRI MF / GEM, and below, ROMA.
Ref: Crawford 250/2, Sydenham 488, Aburi...
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet GEM (XVI)
Reverse: Sol in quadriga right holding whip and reins M·(AB)(VR)I ROMA
Ref: Crawford 250/1, SRCV I 127, Sydenha...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; GEM behind, XVI monogram below chin
Reverse: Sol in quadriga right, holding reins and whip; M•ABVRI below horses, ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 250/1; RSC Aburia 6; Sear ...
(35) M. Acilius M.f. 133 (130)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI), legend between two circles of dots; M·ACILIVS·M·F·
Reverse: Hercules in slow quadriga right holding club and trophy; ROMA
Ref: Crawford 255/1, SRCV I 131, Sydenha...
(36) M. Aurelius Cotta 143 (139)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; COTA / X
Reverse: Hercules in biga of Centaurs right, each of whom holding a branch, Hercules holding club and reins; M·(AVR)ELI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 229/1; Sydenham 429; cf. A...
(37) M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus 136 (137)BC
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet TAMPIL X
Reverse: Apollo in quadriga right holding branch and reins, bow and arrow ROMA M·BAEBI·Q·F
Ref: Crawford 236/1, BMCRR I Rome 935, S...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; ROMA upwards behind, monogram below chin
Reverse: M•METELLVS Q•F, Macedonian shield with elephant's head in central boss, surrounded by laurel wreath
Ref: Crawford 263/1a; Caecilia 29; Sear ...
(39) M. Cipius M.f. 114 (115-114)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet M·CIPI·M·F X
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding palm branch and reins; rudder below ROMA
Ref: Crawford 289/1, SRCV I 166, RSC I C...
(40) M. Cipius M.f. 115-114 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, wearing single drop earring and pendant necklace; X (mark of value) to left, M • CIPI • M • F upward to right.
Reverse: Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and palm frond; rudder below horses; ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 289/1
(41) M. Fannius C.f. 121 (123)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and palm branch M·F(AN)·C·F
Ref: Crawford 275/1, SRCV I 150, Sydenha...
Obverse: laureate head of Janus M·FOVRI·L·F
Reverse: Roma standing left, transverse long scepter in left hand, with right hand placing wreath on trophy of captured Gallic arms with carnyx and shield on each side, star above ROMA (PHI)LI
Ref: Crawford 281/1, SRCV 156, Sydenham ...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, ass's head to left; X (mark of value) below chin.
Reverse: The Dioscuri riding right; M•IVNI below, ROMA in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 220/1
(44) M. Junius D.f. Silanus 146 (145)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, ass head left; X
Reverse: Dioscuri on horses right holding spears and reins; M·IVNI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 220/1, SRCV I 96, Sydenham...
(45) M. Marcius Mn.f. 133 BC (134 BC)
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; modius to the left; (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in biga right holding whip and reins; two heads of grain below; M__(MAR)_C / RO_MA
Ref: Crawford 245/1, Sydenham 500, RSC I...
(46) M. Marcius Mn.f. 134 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin, modius behind
Reverse: Victory in biga right, M MAR C / RO MA below divided by two ears of corn
Ref: Syd 500 Sear 122 Craw 245/1
(47) M. Porcius Laeca 125BC
Obverse: Helmeted bust of Roma right; LAECA behind, XVI monogram below chin
Reverse: Libertas driving quadriga right, holding pileus in right hand; Victory flying left above, crowning Libertas; M•PORC below, ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 270/1; RSC Porcia 3; Sear ...
(48) M. Sergius Silus 116 BC
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma facing right; EX SC before; ROMA * behind.
Reverse: Horseman galloping to the left; holding sword and severed head in hand; Q and M SERGI below; SILUS in exergue.
Ref: Crawford 286/1, Sydenham 534, Sergi...
(49) M. Sergius Silus 115 (116-115)BC
Obverse: bust of Roma right wearing winged helmet; ROMA (XVI) _ EX·S·C
Reverse: moneyer's grandfather as horseman left wearing helmeted, holding sword and severed Gallic head; Q / M·SERGI / SILVS
Ref: Crawford 286/1, RSC I Sergia 1, Syd...
(50) M. Tullius 120 BC
Obverse: ROMA, helmeted head of Roma right
Reverse: M·TVLLI, Victory driving quadriga right, holding reigns and palm, wreath above, X below horses
Ref: Crawford 280/1; Sydenham 531; RSC T...
(51) M. Tullius 119 (120)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and palm branch; wreath above X M·TVLLI
Ref: Crawford 280/1, SRCV I 155, Sydenha...
(52) M. Vargunteius 131 (130)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet M·(VAR)G (XVI)
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding branch and thunderbolt ROMA
Ref: Crawford 257/1, SRCV I 133, Sydenha...
(53) Mn. Acilius Balbus 125 BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, all within wreath B(AL)BVS (XVI) ROMA
Reverse: Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right. Jupiter holding thunderbolt and scepter. Victory holding whip and reins. Macedonian shield below. (MN).ACILI
Ref: Crawford 271/1, RSC I Acilia 1,Syd...
(54) Mn. Aemilius Lepidus 113 (114-113)BC
Obverse: laureate, diademed and draped bust of Roma right RO(MA) (XVI)
Reverse: equestrian statue on aquaduct right, holding vertical spear, standing on 3 archs of aquaduct (Aqua Marcia) (MN)·AEMILIO· L-E-P
Ref: Crawford 291/1, SRCV I 168, Sydenha...
(55) Mn. Aquillius 106?(109-108)BC
Obverse: radiate head of Sol right, X
Reverse: Luna in biga right, crescent and three stars above, star below; (MN)·AQVIL / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 303/1, Sydenham 557, BMCRR...
(56) Mn. Fonteius 111 (108-107)BC
Obverse: laureate conjoined heads of Dioscuri right with star above each head; (XVI)
Reverse: war galley half right; MN·FO(NTE)I / : / G
Ref: Crawford 307/1c
(57) P. Aelius Paetus 143 (138)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right holding spears and reins; stars over their heads P·PAETVS ROMA
Ref: Crawford 233/1, SRCV I 110, Sydenha...
(58) P. Licinius Nerva 112 (113-112)BC
Obverse: bust of Roma left wearing helmet, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman; crescent above ROMA (XVI)
Reverse: two citizens casting ballots in the Comitium, attendant handing voting tablet to one citizen, screen behind surmounted by marker with initial "P" representing the voting tribe P·(NE)RVA
Ref: Crawford 292/1, SRCV I 169, Sydenha...
(59) P. Maenius M.f. Antiaticus 133 (132)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet (XVI)
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding wreath and reins P·(MAE) (ANT) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 249/1, SRCV I 126, RSC I M...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI monogram behind
Reverse: Victory driving quadriga right, P•MAE ANT (ligate) below; ROMA in exergue
Ref: Crawford 249/1; RSC Maenia 7; Sear ...
(61) P. Porcius Laeca 107 (110-109)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA / P L(AE)CA X
Reverse: magistrate standing left in military dress with hand raised, citizen in toga before him, attendant behind magistrate with rod in right and two rods in left PROVOCO
Ref: Crawford 301/1, SRCV I 178, Sydenha...
(62) Q. Curtius | M. Junius Silanus 116 (116-115)BC
Obverse: Bust of Roma right wearing winged helmet Q·CVRT X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, lituus above M SI(LA) ROMA
Ref: Crawford 285/2, Sydenham 537, RSC I...
(63) Q. Fabius Labeo 120 (124)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right waering winged helmet LABEO ROMA X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and scepter, hurling thunderbolt, rostrum tridens below Q·FABI
Ref: Crawford 273/1, SRCV I 148, Sydenha...
(64) Q. Fabius Labeo 120 (124)BC
Fourree Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet LABEO ROMA X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and scepter, hurling thunderbolt, rostrum tridens below Q·FABI
Ref: Crawford 273/1, SRCV I 148, Sydenha...
(65) Q. Lutatius Cerco 105 (109-108)BC
Obverse: head of young Mars right wearing crested and decorated Corinthian helmet; CERCO__ROMA / (XVI)
Reverse: war galley right, all within oak wreath; Q·L(VT)ATI / Q
Ref: Crawford 305/1, SRCV I 182, Sydenha...
(66) Q. Marcius Q.n. Philippus 127 (129)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; (XVI)
Reverse: Philip V galloping on horse right wearing Macedonian helmet with goat's horns; Q·PILIPVS / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 259/1, SRCV I 135, Sydenha...
(67) Q. Minucius Rufus 120 (122)BC
Fourree Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet RVF X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear Q·MINV ROMA
Ref: Crawford 277/1, SRCV I 152, Sydenha...
(68) Q. Minucius Rufus 120 (122)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet RVF X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear Q·MINV ROMA
Ref: Crawford 277/1, SRCV I 152, Sydenha...
(69) T. Annius Rufus 146 (144)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins and scepter; (AN) R(VF) / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 221/1; Sydenham 413; Aurel...
Obverse: head of Roma wearing winged helmet, wreath left ROMA
Reverse: Victory in biga right, horses rearing, grain ear below T·CLOVLI
Ref: Crawford 260/1, SRCV I 136, Sydenha...
(71) T. Quinctius Flamininus 129 (126)BC
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, flamen's cap left (XVI)
Reverse: Dioscuri right riding on horses, stars over pilei, each holding spear and reins; Macedonian shield below T_Q ROMA
Ref: Crawford 267/1; Sydenham 505, SRCV ...
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two grain stalks; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus, holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus , holding lituus; TI MINVCI CF upwards to left; AVGVRINI downwards to right. ROMA across fields.
Ref: Crawford 243/1
Obverse: Head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; (XVI)
Reverse: Column surmounted by statue holding scepter, heads of grain around column; L. Minucius Augurinus standing right, wearing toga, foot on modius, holding patera; M. Minucius Faesus wearing toga, holding lituus; RO_MA / TI·MINVCI C·F__AVGVRINI
Ref: Crawford 243/1, SRCV I 120, RSC I M...
(74) Ti. Veturius Gracchi 139 (137)BC
Obverse: head of Mars right wearing winged and crested helmet TI·(VET) X
Reverse: Oath-taking scene*, two standing warriors holding spears and facing attendant kneeling in center, holding sacrificial pig. ROMA
Ref: Crawford 234/1, SRCV 111, Sydenham ...