Coins from Cappadocia
Cappadocia is in eastern Anatolia, in the center of what is now Turkey.

After ending Persian rule, Alexander the Great intended to rule Cappadocia through one of his military commanders, but Ariarathes, a Persian aristocrat, somehow made himself king of the Cappadocians. He left the kingdom to a line of successors, who mostly bore the name of the founder of the dynasty. Under Ariarathes IV, Cappadocia became an ally of Rome.

The kingdom maintained independence until A.D. 17, when Tiberius reduced Cappadocia to a Roman province.
Cappadocia
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An AR Didrachm struck 139 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate head right; ANTΩNEINOC__CEBACTOC

Reverse: Mount Argaeus, statue of Helios on top, holding globe and scepter, star below; YΠAT B ΠAT ΠAT P

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sydenham 301c var. (reverse legend); Metcalf 124b
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An AR Didrachm struck 138-161 AD in Caesarea
Obverse: ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΑΝΤⲰΝƐΙΝΟϹ ϹƐΒΑϹΤΟϹ, Laureate head of Antoninus Pius, right

Reverse: ƐΥϹƐΒƐΙΑ, Eusebeia standing, left, wearing stephane, extending right hand over altar

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 6.35 g
No notes for this coin
RPC IV.3, 6913 (temporary); Cop 235; BMC 154; S 292; Metcalf 116b
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An AR Drachm struck 3-4 AD in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: club; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ APXEΛΑΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΡΙΔΟΣ TOY ΚΤΙΣΤΟΥ / Λ_Θ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.3 g
year 39
RPC I, 3603
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An AR Drachm struck 96-95 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena standing left, holding Nike with wreath, resting hand on spear and shield; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣEBOYΣ // (ΠI) / E

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.2 g
No notes for this coin
Simonetta 4c
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An AR Drachm struck 131-130 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting hand on grounded shield; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣ[E!]BOYΣ, (AY) left; (ΠAΦI) in the middle; (ΔI) right, ΛΓ - year 33

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.19 g
middle E in EYΣEBOYΣ is missing, usually there is ΓΛ in exergue
Simonetta 13 (var)
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An AR Drachm struck 129-128 BC in Eusebeia | Tyana
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EΠIΦANOYΣ, M / A

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
(mint A)
Simonetta Collection 10, Simonetta 3 var. (K inner right right), Mørkholm Cappadocia I 4b var. (same), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Galatia -
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An AR Drachm struck 106 BC in Eusebeia | Tyana
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / ΦIΛOMHTOPOΣ, M / K / IA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.98 g
No notes for this coin
SNGCop 141
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An AR Drachm struck 99-98 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣEBOYΣ, T_Λ / B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
No notes for this coin
Simonetta (2007), 12 (Ariarathes V.)
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An AE unit struck 42-36 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: draped bust of Artemis left

Reverse: stag left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
No notes for this coin
Simonetta 4 (uncertain); HGC 7, 856.
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An AR Drachm struck 38-37 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena standing left holding Nike with wreath spear and shield on the ground; trophy to the left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΡIAΡAΘOΥ // EΥΣEBOΥΣ KAI / ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOΥ / (ΠΛΘMO) / E

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
BMC Greek (Galatia) 2.p43 Simonetta 1977 2.p45
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An AR Drachm struck 67-66 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena standing left, holding Nike with wreath, spear and shield; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIOBAPZANOY / ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY, (MT) / ΘK

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4.2 g
No notes for this coin
Simonetta 40b
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An AR Drachm struck 56 BC ? in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIOBAPZANO[Y] / ΦIΛOPATOP, Z?

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
BMC Greek (Galatia) 1.p41; Simonetta 1977 1.p43
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An AR Drachm struck 52-42 BC in Cappadocia
Obverse: Diademed, bearded head of king right

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΟΒΑΡΖΑΝΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ Athena standing left, holding Nike on outstretched right hand and shield and spear in left hand; in upper right field, monogram; in lower left field, crescent and star; in exergue, [Θ].

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Simonetta 1b. BMC 1. SNG Copenhagen 162. SNG Tübingen 4609
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An AR Drachm struck 42 BC in Eusebeia
Obverse: diademed head right

Reverse: Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΡIOBAΡZANOΥ / EΥΣEBOΥΣ / KAI ΦIΛOΡΩM, star over crescent / HXA / IA

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.76 g

Cassius Longinus had him executed in 42 BC because he would not allow more Roman intervention in his kingdom.

S 7304 var
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An AR Drachm struck 42-41 BC in Cappadocia
Obverse: Diademed and bearded head of Ariobarnazes to right

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΟΒΑΡΖΑΝΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ / Athena standing left, holding Nike, spear, and shield; star and crescent to left, monogram to right, IA (date) in exergue.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.54 g
No notes for this coin
HGC 7, 853. Simonetta 3a or 3b
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An AE unit struck 212-213 AD in Tyana
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT KAI M AVP AN_TΩNINOC

Reverse: Zebu bull left; ANT KOΛΩNEIAC TYANΩN / ET IC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.1 g
No notes for this coin
SNG LEWIS 1727
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An AE unit struck 220/221 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: AY K M AYPH ANTWNEINOC CE, Bust of Elagabalus facing right, wearing laurel wreath, cuirass, and drapery

Reverse: MHTPOΠΟ ΚΑΙCΑΡΙ, Mt. Argaeus set upon altar inscribed ЄT Γ (year 3)

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 11.37 g
No notes for this coin
Sydenham 521a
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An AE unit struck 243 - II 244 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate bust right; AV K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC

Reverse: 6 grain ears bundled together; MHTP KAIC B N ET_Z

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.1 g
ex N. Andersen Collection ex Roma Numismatics
Bland 92. BMC 346-348
(19) Hadrian
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An AR Hemidrachm struck 120-121 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: Laureate bust left draped shoulder; AVTO KAIC TPAI AΔPIANOC CEBACT

Reverse: Nike walking right holding wreath and palm branch; ETΔ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.44 g
No notes for this coin
Metcalf 86a; Sydenham Caesarea 255; BMC Galatia p. 62, 140; SNGvA 6413; SNG Cop 223 var
(20) Hadrian
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An AE unit struck 117-118 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate and draped bust right; E / T _ B

Reverse: club and legend within wreath; ET_B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
var. RPC online, Volume III, № 3147A (year 5)
(21) Hadrian
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An AR Hemidrachm struck 120-121 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: AVTO KAIC TPAI AΔPIANOC CEBACT, laureate draped bust right

Reverse: ET Δ, Nike walking right with wreath and palm

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.3 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 351, RSC 282, MIR 522v, King 39
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An AR Drachm struck 194 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate head right; AV Λ CEΠ__CEOVHPOC

Reverse: Mount Argaeus, star above; MHTPO__KAICAPI ET B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
Sydenham Caesarea 388; BMC Galatia p. 73, 219; SNG Cop 256
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An AE unit struck 224-225 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; countermark - radiate head of Helios-Genius Argaeei; AV K CEOV__AΛEΞAN

Reverse: Mount Argaeus agalma, wreath above; (MH)TPO__KAIC / ET Δ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Volume VI, № 6784, S 555; SM 556b corr.; countermark: GIC 12
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An AR Didrachm struck 77-78 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: diademed head right; AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC

Reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm; NIKH__CEBACTH

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.9 g
No notes for this coin
RPC II 1647, Sydenham 89
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An AR Didrachm struck 76-77 AD in Caesarea (Cappadocia)
Obverse: laureate head of Vespasian right; AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC

Reverse: laureate head of Titus right; ΑΥΤΟ ΚΑΙ ΟΥEϹΠΑϹΙΑΝΟϹ ϹEΒΑϹΤΟΥ ΥΙΟϹ

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.1 g
No notes for this coin
RPC II, 1650; S 102, Metcalf Conspectus 4, Ganschow 66b