Coins from Phoenicia
Phoenicia was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

It included the coastline of what is now Lebanon, Israel, Gaza, Syria, and south-west Turkey, though some of its colonies later reached the Western Mediterranean (most notably Carthage) and even the Atlantic Ocean.

Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to those of Ancient Greece, perhaps the most notable of which were Tyre, Sidon, Arwad, Berytus, Byblos and Carthage. Each city-state was a politically independent unit, and it is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single nationality.


(1) Addirmilk | Aynel c. 348-332 BC
Obverse: Galley with two soldiers left, below hippocamp left
Reverse: Lion bringing down a bull left; 'Ayin yodh nun 'aleph lamedh mem lamedh kaph gimel beth lamedh
Ref: Betlyon 21; SNG Copenhagen 134
(2) Arados
AE unit Arados
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus right
Reverse: Ram of prow left; uncertain Phoenician letter above
Ref: Cf. BMC 141
(3) Arados 121/120 BC
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of city-goddess to right.
Reverse: APAΔIΩN Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond; to left, ΘΛP above phoenician letter w above ΘC; all within wreath.
Ref: HGC 10, 72
(4) Berenike II 46-221 BC
Obverse: BEΡENIKHΣ BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ or abbreviated, head of Berenike II right, hair in a bun.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed.
Ref: Svoronos 1055; BMC 17; Sear Greece ...
(5) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT K M A__ANTΩNEINOC__CE_B
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, pilei topped by stars below; ΔHMAPX·EΞ·VΠATOC·TO·Δ·
Ref: Prieur 1222
(6) Marathos 187-186 BC
AE unit Marathos
Obverse: Veiled bust of Cleopatra I (wife of Ptolemy V) right
Reverse: Prow left; MRTS (aramaic script) / III¯NNN (73)
Ref: BMC Phoenicia p. 122, 15 -18 and SN...
(7) Marathos 152-151 BC
AE unit Marathos
Obverse: Veiled head of Kleopatra I (or Berenike II) right
Reverse: Marathos standing left, leaning on column, holding aphlaston; mim rosh tau / shin tau zain qoph IIIIIIII beth / nun beth
Ref: J Rouvier 796 var
(8) Tyre 112-113 AD
AE unit Tyre
Obverse: Veiled turreted head of Tyche right, palm branch behind, purple dye murex before
Reverse: Phoenician galley sailing left; HΛΣ / (TYP) IEPAΣ / MHTPOΠO / ΛEωΣ
Ref: BMC 315ff
(9) Tyre c. 330-329 BC
Obverse: Bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail behind date II (year 2) and Phoenician letter tsade in right fields
Ref: BMC Phoenicia p. 231, 29; SNG Cop 3...