Coins from Phoenicia
Phoenicia was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

It included the coastline of what is now Lebanon, Israel, Gaza, Syria, and south-west Turkey, though some of its colonies later reached the Western Mediterranean (most notably Carthage) and even the Atlantic Ocean.

Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to those of Ancient Greece, perhaps the most notable of which were Tyre, Sidon, Arwad, Berytus, Byblos and Carthage. Each city-state was a politically independent unit, and it is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single nationality.


(1) Addirmilk | Aynel c. 348-332 BC
Obverse: Galley with two soldiers left, below hippocamp left
Reverse: Lion bringing down a bull left; 'Ayin yodh nun 'aleph lamedh mem lamedh kaph gimel beth lamedh
Ref: Betlyon 21; SNG Copenhagen 134
(2) Alexander III 325-323 BC
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles facing right, wearing lionskin headdress tied at neck
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne, facing left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left, legs uncrossed; AP monogram in left field
Ref: Price 3424 (Byblos)
(3) Antiochus IV 175 - c. 172 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right; monogram left
Reverse: Apollo seated on omphalos left, holding arrow and bow; aphlaston left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY / /\(
Ref: Cf. SC 1478.2; HGC 9, 725
(4) Antiochus IV 175 - c. 172 BC
Obverse: diademed and radiate head right
Reverse: veiled goddes facing, holding scepter; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY
Ref: SC 1479; HGC 9, 726
(5) Arados
AE unit Arados
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus right
Reverse: Ram of prow left; uncertain Phoenician letter above
Ref: Cf. BMC 141
(6) Arados 121/120 BC
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of city-goddess to right.
Reverse: APAΔIΩN Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond; to left, ΘΛP above phoenician letter w above ΘC; all within wreath.
Ref: HGC 10, 72
(7) Arados 61-0 BC
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right
Reverse: Nike standing left, holding aplustre in right hand, palm in left; date and letters in field; all within laurel wreath
Ref: BMC Phoenicia pg. 34, 286-7 var. (P...
(8) Augustus 27 BC - 14 AD
AE unit Berytus
Obverse: bare head right; CAESAR
Reverse: Dolphin entwined around trident within laurel wreath
Ref: RPC 4536; Rouvier 486; Sawaya 143
(9) Aurelian 273 AD
AE Antoninianus Tripolis
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust left; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Reverse: Sol facing, head left, wearing chalmys, raising hand, holding globe globe, bounded captive left; SOLI__INVICTO / *
Ref: LV 10826; RIC1st 390, http://www.ri...
(10) Ba'Alshillem II c. 371-370 BC
Obverse: galley left, waves below; Beth
Reverse: king of Persia standing right slaying erect lion with dagger; O ('ayin)
Ref: Elayi 2004 851 ff.; HGC 10 240; Bet...
(11) Berenike II 46-221 BC
Obverse: BEΡENIKHΣ BAΣIΛIΣΣHΣ or abbreviated, head of Berenike II right, hair in a bun.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed.
Ref: Svoronos 1055; BMC 17; Sear Greece ...
(12) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT K M A__ANTΩNEINOC__CE_B
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, pilei topped by stars below; ΔHMAPX·EΞ·VΠATOC·TO·Δ·
Ref: Prieur 1222
(13) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate bust right, draped shoulder; AVT·KAI·AN_TWNINOC CE·
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, prow below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC TO·Δ·
Ref: Prieur 1293
(14) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AVT KAI AN_TWNINOC CE
Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, Europa on bull below; ΔHMAPX__EΞ VΠATOC Δ
Ref: Prieur 1357
(15) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate head right AVT KAI AN_TWNEINOC CE
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, murex shell and club below ·ΔHMAPX·EΞ·VΠATOC·TO·Δ·
Ref: Prieur 1547, Bellinger 303, BMC Gre...
(16) Demetrius I Poliorketes c. 301-294 BC
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress
Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and a scepter; monograms to left and below throne; Greek text to right (AΛEΞANΔPOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)
Ref: Hersh, Tyrus 5, dies II/b-f; HGC 3,...
(17) Diocletian 284 AD
BL Antoninianus Tripolis
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Reverse: Diocletian right receiving Victory on globe, holding parazonium; Jupiter left giving Victory on globe, holding long scepter; IOVI CONSERVATOR_I AVG / TR / XXI•
Ref: RIC V 328
(18) Elagabalus 218-222 AD
AE unit Byblos
Obverse: Radiate and cuirassed bust right; AVT KAI M AV_ANTWNINOC
Reverse: Astarte facing seated in tetrastyle, pyramidal temple, holding scepter; IEPAC BV / BΛOV
Ref: SNG Cop. 146; BMC 55-60.
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Σ in left field, AP monogram below throne.
Ref: Price 3316
(20) Macrinus 217-218 AD
Obverse: laureate and draped bust right; AVT KA M__O C MAKPINOC CE
Reverse: eagle facing, head right, wreath in beak, head of bull below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠAT A
Ref: obv: Prieur 1249 / rev: Prieur 1248
(21) Marathos 187-186 BC
AE unit Marathos
Obverse: Veiled bust of Cleopatra I (wife of Ptolemy V) right
Reverse: Prow left; MRTS (aramaic script) / III¯NNN (73)
Ref: BMC Phoenicia p. 122, 15 -18 and SN...
(22) Marathos 152-151 BC
AE unit Marathos
Obverse: Veiled head of Kleopatra I (or Berenike II) right
Reverse: Marathos standing left, leaning on column, holding aphlaston; mim rosh tau / shin tau zain qoph IIIIIIII beth / nun beth
Ref: J Rouvier 796 var
(23) Probus 276 AD
BL Antoninianus Tripolis
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
Reverse: Probus standing right, eagle tipped scepter in left, with right receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, long scepter vertical in left, crescent in center; CLEMENTIA TEMP; crescent / KA
Ref: RIC V 928
(24) Trajan 112 AD
Obverse: Laureate head right, club below, eagle right; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK
Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) right, seated on a rock, holding heads of grain, river god (Orontes?) swimming at her feet; ∆HMAPX__EΞ IϚ YΠAT Ϛ
Ref: Prieur 1499
(25) Tyre 112-113 AD
AE unit Tyre
Obverse: Veiled turreted head of Tyche right, palm branch behind, purple dye murex before
Reverse: Phoenician galley sailing left; HΛΣ / (TYP) IEPAΣ / MHTPOΠO / ΛEωΣ
Ref: BMC 315ff
(26) Tyre c. 330-329 BC
Obverse: Bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below
Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail behind date II (year 2) and Phoenician letter tsade in right fields
Ref: BMC Phoenicia p. 231, 29; SNG Cop 3...