Coins from Lydia
Lydia lies in east-central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Ionia and Phrygia.

The kingdom of Lydia gradually rose in power in the 7th Century B.C. and by the time of Alyattes and Croesus, it was controlling most of Anatolia after rebuking Medes (the pre-Achaemenid empire). The most important city was Sardis, today Sart, housing impressive ruins.

The Lydians were viewed as a merchant people and the kings as extremely wealthy. Croesus gained mythical status and today we still use the expression, "rich as Croesus."


(1) Achaemenid Empire 455-420? BC
Obverse: hero or king holding bow and dagger right
Reverse: incuse square; crescent countermark
Ref: Carradice type IV (early) A
(2) Achaemenid Empire 510/505-486 BC
Obverse: Great King right bearded and crowned kneeling-running, drawing bow, quiver at shoulder
Reverse: incuse square
Ref: Carradice type II: Carradice plate ...
(3) Alyattes 600-560 BC
Obverse: Head of roaring lion facing right, sun directly above, another orb (star?) in the ear, and a third in the mouth
Reverse: Two incuse punches
Ref: Sear 3398
(4) Antiochus I 280-261 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena facing
Reverse: Nike holding wreath and palm walking left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, (MΛ) within wreath
Ref: SC I 315; Newell, WSM 1369; SNG Cop...
(5) Antiochus II 261-246 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: Tripod, anchor below BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY Σ/E left , (HPYΔ) right
Ref: Houghton-Lorber 525(1)b; Newel WSM ...
(6) Antiochus III 222-187 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: Elephant left; anchor up side down to the left BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY
Ref: Houghton-Lorber I 979, cf. SNG Spae...
(7) Attaleia c. 180-218 AD
Obverse: bust of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis, holding spear
Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; ATTAΛE_ATΩN
Ref: RPC IV.2, 2496 (temporary); SNG von...
(8) Autophradates c. 380-355 BC
AE unit Sardis?
Obverse: head of Autophradates right, wearing Persian tiara
Reverse: monoskelis
Ref: Winzer 11.7.
(9) Croesus 561-546 BC
Obverse: Confronted foreparts of a lion and a bull
Reverse: Two incuse square punches
Ref: SNG von Aulock 2877
(10) Domitia 82-96 AD
Obverse: draped bust right; ΔΟΜΙΤΙΑ CΕΒΑCΤΗ
Reverse: facing cult statue of Artemis Ephesia, wearing polos and veil; KΙΛΒΙΑΝΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΑΝΩ
Ref: RPC II 1062; BMC 1-2; Sear GIC 913;...
(11) Germanicus | Drusus II c. 14-17 AD
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: Head of Germanicus right ΓEPMANIKOΣ // KAIΣAPEΩN
Reverse: Head of Drusus right ΔPOYΣOΣ // ΣAPΔIANΩN
Ref: RPC I 2992
(12) Gordus-Julia c. 198-235 AD
Obverse: bust of Herakles right wearing lion's skin knotted around neck
Reverse: lion walking right; ΓOPΔHNΩN / IOVΛI
Ref: BMC 91, 15; SNG München 183
(13) Hadrian 128-138 AD
Obverse: head right; HADRIANVS__AVGUSTVS P P
Reverse: facing cult statue of Kore, headdress with plume, stiff robe falling to feet and veil draped over wrists; grain ear on both sides; COS__III
Ref: RIC 510; RSC 279; Metcalf Typ 47.
(14) Nacrasa c. 98-138 AD
AE unit Nacrasa
Obverse: draped youthful bust of Roman Senate right; IEPA CVNKΛHTOC
Reverse: turreted draped bust of Tyche right; NAKPA_CITΩN
Ref: RPC III, 1813; BMC Lydia p. 166, 9;...
(15) Nero 66-68 AD
AE unit Hypaepa
Obverse: Laureate head right; NEPΩN__KAIΣAP
Reverse: Zeus Lydios standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; VΠA / IOV_ΓP // HΓHCIΠΠ / OC
Ref: RPC I 2546; BMC 20; SNG Copenhagen ...
(16) Philadelpheia 200-1 BC
Obverse: Macedonian shield (4 symetry)
Reverse: Winged thunderbolt, all within laurel wreath; EPMIΠ / ΠΩΣ / ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛ // ΦΕΩΝ
Ref: SNG Copenhagen 342; BMC 187.1-4var ...
(17) Saitta c. 100-200 AD
AE unit Saitta
Obverse: draped bust of Serapis right wearing modius
Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; CAITT_HNΩN
Ref: Lindgren III, 506; BMC 33. 3.54; SN...
(18) Sardis c. 400-300 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: head of Dionysos left wearing ivy-wreath
Reverse: kantharos; 8_3 (F_S in lydian alphabet)*
Ref: Vögtli, Pergamon 524; CNG E-248, lo...
(19) Sardis c. 200-1 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: laureate and draped bust of young Heracles right
Reverse: Apollo standing left, holding branch and bird - all within wreath; ΣAPΔIANΩN / ΛYΓ / AΣ __ MHNO / PONHΣ
Ref: SNGCop 492v
(20) Sardis c. 193-250 AD
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: CAPΔIC, turreted and veiled head of Tyche right
Reverse: CAΡΔIANΩN B NEΩKOΡΩN, cult statue of Kore facing, draped and wearing kalathos, between ear of grain and poppy
Ref: SNG von Aulock 3141; SNG München 50...
(21) Seleukos I c. 285-280 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair
Reverse: bull butting right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣEΛEYKOY / Ξ
Ref: Houghton-Lorber I 21(2), Newell WSM...
(22) Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
Obverse: laureate head right; AY·K_AI·CЄOYHP_OC
Reverse: she-wolf right, head turned left, suckling Romulus and Remus; ΦIΛAΔEΛ / ΦEΩN
Ref: BMC 200.77.
(23) Silandos
Obverse: CILANDEWN; Bust of Athena or Roma right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis
Reverse: EPI MAIOROS, Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae
Ref: BMC 9
(24) Thyateira c. 100-200 AD
AE unit Thyateira
Obverse: draped bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos
Reverse: Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter; ΘVAT_EI_ΡHNΩN
Ref: BMC, Lydia, p. 301.53; SNG Aulock, ...
(25) Tiberius 14-37 AD
Obverse: TIBEPION KAICAPA TPI ΠΟΛΕΙΤAI, Head of Tiberius facing right, wearing laurel wreath
Reverse: MENANΔPOC ΦIΛOKAICAP OTΔ, Head of Helios facing right, wearing crown
Ref: RPC I 3056
(26) Tralleis 200-1 BC
AE unit Tralleis
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: humped bull left; TPAΛΛI / ANΩN, (ΠΩΛ)
Ref: BMC 63; SNG TÜBINGEN 3866; SNG KOP ...
(27) Tralleis 133-126 BC
Obverse: cista mystica with snake, all in ivy wreath
Reverse: coiled snakes, flanking ornamented bow-case; Dionysos on the right, holding thyrsos and grapes; TPAΛ / ΠTOΛ
Ref: SNG Cop 662-663var (Datum), BMC 332...
(28) Tripolis ad Maeandrum 138-180 AD
Obverse: draped bust of Roman Senate left; IEPA CYN_KΛHTOC
Reverse: Artemis right drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow, Apollo standing left holding laurel branch; TPIΠ_OΛ_EITΩN
Ref: RPC IV.2, 1644 (temporary); Cf. BMC...