Coins from Lydia
Lydia lies in east-central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Ionia and Phrygia.

The kingdom of Lydia gradually rose in power in the 7th Century B.C. and by the time of Alyattes and Croesus, it was controlling most of Anatolia after rebuking Medes (the pre-Achaemenid empire). The most important city was Sardis, today Sart, housing impressive ruins.

The Lydians were viewed as a merchant people and the kings as extremely wealthy. Croesus gained mythical status and today we still use the expression, "rich as Croesus."
Lydia
(1) Achaemenid Empire
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An AR Siglos struck 455-420? BC in Sardis
Obverse: hero or king holding bow and dagger right

Reverse: incuse square; crescent countermark

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.09 g
times of Artaxerxes I and Dareios II
Carradice type IV (early) A
(2) Achaemenid Empire
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An AR Siglos struck 510/505-486 BC in Sardis
Obverse: Great King right bearded and crowned kneeling-running, drawing bow, quiver at shoulder

Reverse: incuse square

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.3 g
No notes for this coin
Carradice type II: Carradice plate XI, 11 - 13; BMC Arabia p. 173, 185 ff.; SGCV II 3428; Klein 754; Noe Sigloi pl. XIII, 215 ff.; Carradice NC 1998 pl. 3, 58 ff; Asyut Hoard 714; Winzer 1.6; Sunrise 21. Common. 73935
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An EL Trite struck 600-560 BC in Sardis
Obverse: Head of roaring lion facing right, sun directly above, another orb (star?) in the ear, and a third in the mouth

Reverse: Two incuse punches

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.68 g
Lydian Kingdom

10 punches, these are believed to have been to prove ownership when paying taxes, as this was a large sum of money, and the most common denomination, as compared to the thought that they were bankers marks to test that it isn't a plated fake

While the sun is clearly the sun, it used to be called a wart, however it seems no one mentions the other two orbs. I know nothing about astronomy but I think there's a high chance this is referencing some astronomical event.
Sear 3398
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An AE unit struck 280-261 BC in Sardis
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena facing

Reverse: Nike holding wreath and palm walking left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, (MΛ) within wreath

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.55 g
Sometimes Sardes or Smyrna is stated as mint
SC I 315; Newell, WSM 1369; SNG Cop. 77; SNG Spaer 233
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An AE unit struck 261-246 BC in Sardis
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right

Reverse: Tripod, anchor below BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY Σ/E left , (HPYΔ) right

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.46 g
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber 525(1)b; Newel WSM 1409; HGC 9 253a; SNG Spaer 360 var. (controls left); BMC Seleucid p. 15, 13 var. (same); SNG Cop 95 var. (same)
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An AE unit struck 222-187 BC in Sardis
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right

Reverse: Elephant left; anchor up side down to the left BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber I 979, cf. SNG Spaer 615 ff., Newell WSM 1114
(7) Attaleia
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An AE unit struck c. 180-218 AD in Attaleia (Lydia)
Obverse: bust of Athena right wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis, holding spear

Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; ATTAΛE_ATΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RPC IV.2, 2496 (temporary); SNG von Aulock 2911; Mionnet IV, 61; Kraft pl. 114.12a.
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An AE unit struck c. 380-355 BC in Sardis?
Obverse: head of Autophradates right, wearing Persian tiara

Reverse: monoskelis

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Winzer 11.7.
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An AR Half-Stater | Siglos struck 561-546 BC in Sardis
Obverse: Confronted foreparts of a lion and a bull

Reverse: Two incuse square punches

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.41 g
No notes for this coin
SNG von Aulock 2877
(10) Domitia
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An AE unit struck 82-96 AD in Kilbianoi Superiores
Obverse: draped bust right; ΔΟΜΙΤΙΑ CΕΒΑCΤΗ

Reverse: facing cult statue of Artemis Ephesia, wearing polos and veil; KΙΛΒΙΑΝΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΑΝΩ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.3 g
No notes for this coin
RPC II 1062; BMC 1-2; Sear GIC 913; Kurth, Kilbiani 303
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An AE unit struck c. 14-17 AD in Sardis
Obverse: Head of Germanicus right ΓEPMANIKOΣ // KAIΣAPEΩN

Reverse: Head of Drusus right ΔPOYΣOΣ // ΣAPΔIANΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.7 g
Struck by Tiberius
RPC I 2992
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An AE unit struck c. 198-235 AD in Gordus-Julia
Obverse: bust of Herakles right wearing lion's skin knotted around neck

Reverse: lion walking right; ΓOPΔHNΩN / IOVΛI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
BMC 91, 15; SNG München 183
(13) Hadrian
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An AR Cistophorus struck 128-138 AD in Sardis
Obverse: head right; HADRIANVS__AVGUSTVS P P

Reverse: facing cult statue of Kore, headdress with plume, stiff robe falling to feet and veil draped over wrists; grain ear on both sides; COS__III

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
overstruck cistophoric of Augustus
RIC 510; RSC 279; Metcalf Typ 47.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 305-281 BC in Magnesia ad Maeandrum
Obverse: Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon

Reverse: Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; race torch with fillets to outer left, monogram to inner left, ornament on throne.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.09 g
EF & Fine Style, with pleasing eye appeal; a choice example for this mint. References: Thompson 115; Müller 443a var. (monogram).
Thompson 115; Müller 443a var. (monogram).
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An AE unit struck c. 193-235 AD in Magnesia ad Sipylum
Obverse: bare bearded head of Sipylos right; СΙΠVΛ·_·ΟС

Reverse: Homonoia facing, head left, modius on head, holding patera cornucopia; ·ΜΑ_ΓΝΗ_ΤΩΝ·

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.8 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Copenhagen 251; BMC 30.
(16) Nacrasa
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An AE unit struck c. 98-138 AD in Nacrasa
Obverse: draped youthful bust of Roman Senate right; IEPA CVNKΛHTOC

Reverse: turreted draped bust of Tyche right; NAKPA_CITΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RPC III, 1813; BMC Lydia p. 166, 9; SNG Cop 290; SNGvA 8239; Lindgren III 49
(17) Nero
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An AE unit struck 66-68 AD in Hypaepa
Obverse: Laureate head right; NEPΩN__KAIΣAP

Reverse: Zeus Lydios standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; VΠA / IOV_ΓP // HΓHCIΠΠ / OC

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4.5 g

Gauis Julius Hegesippos, grammateus

RPC I 2546; BMC 20; SNG Copenhagen 190; SNG München 2
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An AE unit struck 200-1 BC in Philadelpheia
Obverse: Macedonian shield (4 symetry)

Reverse: Winged thunderbolt, all within laurel wreath; EPMIΠ / ΠΩΣ / ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛ // ΦΕΩΝ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Hermippos magistrate
SNG Copenhagen 342; BMC 187.1-4var (Magistrat), Imhoof-Blumer, Lydien 9var (Rv.-Leg.), SNG von Aulock 3060; SNG München 396-397
(19) Saitta
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An AE unit struck c. 100-200 AD in Saitta
Obverse: draped bust of Serapis right wearing modius

Reverse: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; CAITT_HNΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
ex Laurent Bricault collection
Lindgren III, 506; BMC 33. 3.54; SNG Leypold I, 1147; SNRIS Saitta 03
(20) Sardis
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An AE unit struck c. 400-300 BC in Sardis
Obverse: head of Dionysos left wearing ivy-wreath

Reverse: kantharos; 8_3 (F_S in lydian alphabet)*

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
8_3 = F_S in lydian alphabet which stands for Sfard - lydian name of Sardis
Vögtli, Pergamon 524; CNG E-248, lot 119 (Syros)
(21) Sardis
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An AE unit struck c. 200-1 BC in Sardis
Obverse: laureate and draped bust of young Heracles right

Reverse: Apollo standing left, holding branch and bird - all within wreath; ΣAPΔIANΩN / ΛYΓ / AΣ __ MHNO / PONHΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.42 g
No notes for this coin
SNGCop 492v
(22) Sardis
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An AE unit struck c. 193-250 AD in Sardis
Obverse: CAPΔIC, turreted and veiled head of Tyche right

Reverse: CAΡΔIANΩN B NEΩKOΡΩN, cult statue of Kore facing, draped and wearing kalathos, between ear of grain and poppy

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.83 g
No notes for this coin
SNG von Aulock 3141; SNG München 503; BMC 92
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An AE unit struck c. 285-280 BC in Sardis
Obverse: winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair

Reverse: bull butting right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣEΛEYKOY / Ξ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber I 21(2), Newell WSM 925, SNG Spaer 23, SGCV II 6852, HGC 9 92a (R1)
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An AE unit struck 193-211 AD in Philadelpheia
Obverse: laureate head right; AY·K_AI·CЄOYHP_OC

Reverse: she-wolf right, head turned left, suckling Romulus and Remus; ΦIΛAΔEΛ / ΦEΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.7 g
No notes for this coin
BMC 200.77.
(25) Silandos
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An AE 19 struck an unknown year in Silandos
Obverse: CILANDEWN; Bust of Athena or Roma right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis

Reverse: EPI MAIOROS, Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.6 g
Magistrat Maioros
BMC 9
(26) Thyateira
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An AE unit struck c. 100-200 AD in Thyateira
Obverse: draped bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos

Reverse: Isis standing left holding sistrum and scepter; ΘVAT_EI_ΡHNΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
wildwinds plate coin, ex Laurent Bricault collection, ex Rauch
BMC, Lydia, p. 301.53; SNG Aulock, 8274; SNG Glasgow, 1361; SNRIS Thyatira 05; BMC 53; SNG Leypold 1268
(27) Tiberius
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An AE unit struck 14-37 AD in Tripolis ad Maeandrum
Obverse: TIBEPION KAICAPA TPI ΠΟΛΕΙΤAI, Head of Tiberius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: MENANΔPOC ΦIΛOKAICAP OTΔ, Head of Helios facing right, wearing crown

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 5.58 g
Menandros Metrodoros Philokaisar as magistrate
RPC I 3056
(28) Tralleis
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An AE unit struck 200-1 BC in Tralleis
Obverse: laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: humped bull left; TPAΛΛI / ANΩN, (ΠΩΛ)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.45 g
No notes for this coin
BMC 63; SNG TÜBINGEN 3866; SNG KOP 28 669
(29) Tralleis
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An AR Cistophorus struck 133-126 BC in Tralleis
Obverse: cista mystica with snake, all in ivy wreath

Reverse: coiled snakes, flanking ornamented bow-case; Dionysos on the right, holding thyrsos and grapes; TPAΛ / ΠTOΛ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.8 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 662-663var (Datum), BMC 332.44
(30) Tripolis
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An AE unit struck 98-138 AD in Tripolis ad Maeandrum
Obverse: helmeted bust of Athena left wearing aegis

Reverse: Zeus Lydios half left holding eagle and long scepter; ΤΡΙΠΟΛ_EΙΤΩ_Ν

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.8 g
https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/4/2053
RPC IV.2, 2053 (temporary)
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An AE unit struck 138-180 AD in Tripolis ad Maeandrum
Obverse: draped bust of Roman Senate left; IEPA CYN_KΛHTOC

Reverse: Artemis right drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow, Apollo standing left holding laurel branch; TPIΠ_OΛ_EITΩN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.8 g
No notes for this coin
RPC IV.2, 1644 (temporary); Cf. BMC Lydia p. 365, 12 (same types but different style); SNG Copenhagen -; cf. SNG von Aulock 3305; Lindgren I A846A