Coins from Gallia Cisalpina
Gallia Cisalpina was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Conquered by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy. Until that time, it was considered part of Gaul, precisely that part of Gaul on the "hither side of the Alps" (from the perspective of the Romans), as opposed to Gallia Transalpina ("on the far side of the Alps").

Gallia Cisalpina was further subdivided into Gallia Cispadana and Gallia Transpadana, i.e. its portions south and north of the Po River, respectively. The Roman province of the 1st century BC was bounded on the north and west by the Alps, in the south as far as Placentia by the river Po, and then by the Apennines and the river Rubicon, and in the east by the Adriatic Sea. In 49 BC all inhabitants of Cisalpine Gaul received Roman citizenship.
Gallia Cisalpina
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 388-393 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ARCADI_VS P F AVG

Reverse: Victory advancing left, holding trophy and dragging captive; SALVS REI_PVBLICAE / (XP) / AQS

Diameter: 12 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.01 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Aquileia 58c
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 272 in Mediolanum
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from the front

Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Aurelian togate standing right, clasping hands with Concordia standing left

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 11522
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An BL Antoninianus struck AD 272 in Mediolanum
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from the front

Reverse: PIETAS AVG, Aurelian and Severina standing facing each other holding short sceptres, sacrificing from a patera over alter between them

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 11583
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An AE Antoninianus struck VI - IX 274 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left; ORIE_N_S AVG / * / PXXT

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.3 g
Ticinum issue 2, VI - IX 274 AD
LV 4877-950; RIC1st 151 http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1529
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An AE Antoninianus struck V 274 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left; ORIE_N_S AVG / * / QXXI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
Ticinum issue 1, V 274 AD
LV 4835-43 http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1527
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An BL Antoninianus struck VI – IX 274 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left; SOLI__INVICTO / * / QXXT

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.75 g
VI – IX 274 AD Issue 2
LV 5293-332; RIC 154; http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1536
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An AE Antoninianus struck 271-272 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Aurelian in military dress standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter; IOVI CONSERVA_TORI / P

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
autumn 271 - autumn 272, Issue 3
LV 2169-77; RIC1st 131 var. http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1457
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An BL Antoninianus struck VI–IX 274 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left; SOLI__INVICTO / * / PXXT

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5 g
VI–IX 274, Issue 2
LV 5144-90; RIC1st 154, http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1530
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An AE Antoninianus struck 272-274 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: togate Aurelian standing right, holding short scepter, Pietas standing left holding short scepter, both sacrificing over lit altar; PIETAS AVG / S

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.5 g
end 272 - early 274; Issue 4
LV 3956-4116; RIC1st 138 corr., http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1497
(10) Aurelian
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An AE Antoninianus struck 271 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: CONCORD LEG I, Concordia standing left holding two standards

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.9 g
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1433
RIC 117, LV 1620, Sear 11518
(11) Carinus
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An AE Antoninianus struck 283-284 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP CARINVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: FELICIT PVBLICA - Felicitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding caduceus

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
Reverse off flan.
No references provided for this coin
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An AE Antoninianus struck 270-271 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: radiate head right; DIVO CLAVDIO

Reverse: altar with flames above, front divided into four sections with dot in each section; CONSECRATIO / T

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.73 g
Mediolanum (Tarraco according Märkl) issue 1, c. end 270 - early 271 AD Märkl states in his work "The Imperial Mints during the Reign of Claudius II. Gothicus and their Issues" that RIC attribute these coins wrongly to Milan (or Gallic mint) but they are in fact from Tarraco. No two mints in empire were allowed to strike same issue. Tarraco mint should have made "DIVO CLAVDIO GOTHICO" but this coin has only short (Siscian) legend: "DIVO CLAVDIO". Two known exemplars with short legend are mentioned by Märkl.
RIC V-1, 261, Göbl 23m3; http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1273
(13) Constans
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An AE Maiorina struck 348-350 A.D. in Aquileia
Obverse: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe

Reverse: FEL TEMP REPAR-ATIO, Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand, advancing right, head turned to left. With his right hand he is leading a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree with long spear-head shaped leaves with a spinal ridge. The spear point

Diameter: 20.8 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.5 g

Mintmark: AQP dot

RIC VIII Aquileia 103
(14) Constans
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An AE Half-Centenionalis struck 340-350 in Aquileia
Obverse: CONSTAN-S PF AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories facing each other, each holding a wreath and palm branch. Mintmark dot AQP

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.8 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VIII Aquileia 79P
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An AE Follis struck AD 320-324 in Ticinum
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right

Reverse: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT dot XX within wreath

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(16) Constantine I
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An AE Follis struck 314-315 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG

Reverse: Sol standing half left, wearing chalmys, raising hand, holding globe; SOLI INVI_C_TO COMITI / * / P•T

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.1 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Ticinum 20
(17) Constantine I
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An BL Centenionalis struck 318-319 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right; IMP CONSTAN_TINVS MAX AVG

Reverse: two Victories facing each other, holding VOT/PR within shield on cippus; VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP / T T

Diameter: 17.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.32 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Ticinum 82
(18) Constantine I
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An AE Centenionalis struck 318-319 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: laureate, helmeted qnd cuirassed bust right; IMP CONSTAN_TINVS MAX AVG

Reverse: two Victories facing each other, holding VOT/PR within shield on cippus; VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP / P T

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.64 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Ticinum 82
(19) Constantine I
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An AE Centenionalis struck 320-321 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: laureate head right; CONSTAN_TINVS AVG

Reverse: VOT / · / XX within wreath; DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG / S T

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.13 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Ticinum 140
(20) Constantine I
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An BL Centenionalis struck 318-319 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: helmeted and cuirassed bust right; CONST_ANTINVS AVG

Reverse: standard inscribed with VOT / X X, captives at sides heads left; VIRTVS_EXERCIT / T T

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.43 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Ticinum 114
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An AE Follis struck 305-306 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Head of Constantius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides seated on throne, facing left, holding military standards; dot in right field; TT in exergue

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 8.05 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI Ticinum 59a
(22) Crispus
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An AE Follis struck 319-320 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: CRISPVS NOB CAES, Bust of Crispus facing left, wearing laurel wreath and cuirass, holding spear and shield

Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, Military standard with VOT XX inscribed in two lines; captives at left and right; TT in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.55 g
Crispus as Caesar under Constantine I "the Great"
Third officina at Ticinum
RIC VII Ticinum 117
(23) Crispus
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An AE Follis struck 317 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; CRISPVS NOB CAES

Reverse: soldier standing left, wearing helmet and cloak, holding spear and resting hand on shield; PRINCIPIA I_V_VENTVTIS / AQT

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VII Aquileia 9
(24) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 250-251 in Mediolanum
Obverse: IMP CAE TRA DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: DACIA FELIX, Dacia standing left, holding standard

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 37c
(25) Diocletian
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An BL Antoninianus struck an unknown year in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, cuir. bust with rad. head right

Reverse: HERCVLI CONSERVAT, Hercules standing right, holding lion-skin

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.1 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(26) Diocletian
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An AE Antoninianus struck 285 A.D. in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG., radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: MARS VICTOR, Mars walking left, holding spear and trophy. Mintmark VIXXIT

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.11 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V239
(27) Diocletian
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An AE Antoninianus struck 288 A.D. in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

Diameter: 21.26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.8 g
mintmark: PXXIT
RIC V 225
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An AE Antoninianus struck 285 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG / radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT / Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V 222
(29) Francesco Dandolo
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An AR Soldino struck 1329-1339 AD in Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: Doge kneeling left with banner /+ FRA DAN DVLO DVX

Reverse: Nimbate lion of St. Marko standing left, holding banner / + S MARCVS VENETI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.94 g
No notes for this coin
Gamberini 75; Paolucci p. 27, 4
(30) Galerius
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An AE Post-reform Radiate struck 299 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C

Reverse: legend within wreath; VOT / . / X / T

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.73 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI Ticinum 39b
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An BL Antoninianus struck 260-268 A.D. in Mediolanum
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG; radiate bust right

Reverse: FORTVNA REDVX; Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae; in exergue S.

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.6 g
20
RIC 484
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An BL Antoninianus struck 263-264 A.D. in Mediolanum
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right

Reverse: ORIENS AVG, Radiate Sol standing left, holding whip right, hand raised left. S in exergue.

Diameter: 19.1 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.95 g
30
RIC 494
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An AE Antoninianus struck AD 260-261 in Mediolanum
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: LEG I ADI VI P VI F, capricorn right

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 3.19 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 315; RSC 447; Sear 10252
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An BL Antoninianus struck 260-262 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: radiate and cuirassed bust right; GALLIENVS AVG

Reverse: Minerva standing left, holding Victory and spear, resting hand on grounded shield; LEG I__MIN VI P VI F

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.6 g
2nd emmision
RIC V 322; MIR 36, 988r; RSC 459a
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An BL Antoninianus struck 263-264 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: radiate head left; GALLIENVS AVG

Reverse: Laetitia facing, head left, holding wreath and anchor; LAETITIA AVG

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.8 g
No notes for this coin
Cunetio hoard 1585 (S)
(36) Gratian
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An AR Siliqua struck 375-378 in Aquileia
Obverse: DN GRATIANVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: RBS ROMA, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and reversed spear

Diameter: 13 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 15b
(37) Helena
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An AE Follis struck 326-328 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA

Reverse: SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICE, Securitas, standing left, lowering branch and raising hem of robe

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 295 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(38) Helena
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An AE Centenionalis struck 326 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: diademed, draped bust right; FL HELENA__AVGVTA

Reverse: Securitas standing left, holding branch; SECVRITAS__REIPVBLICE; S crescent T

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.8 g
doublestrike
RIC VII Ticinum 202; Sear 16603
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An AR 1/4 Siliqua struck 610-641 in Ravenna
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right Text DN ERACLIVS PP AV

Reverse: Cross potent within wreath

Diameter: 6.37 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
DOC 281; MIB 156; SB 907
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An AR 1/4 Siliqua struck an unknown year in Ravenna
Obverse: DN HERACLIVS PP AV, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: Cross within raised border or wreath

Diameter: 10 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.3 g
No notes for this coin
SB 907, DOC 281, DOC 281
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An AR 120 nummi - quarter siliqua struck 610-641 in Ravenna
Obverse: D N HERA[CL]IVS P P AV Diademed and draped bust of Heraclius to right

Reverse: Cross potent within wreath

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 0.4 g
No notes for this coin
DOC 281. MIB 156. SB 907.
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An AE Follis struck 317-324 A.D. in Ticinum
Obverse: LICINIVS IVN NOB C Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP Two Victories standing facing one another, holding shield inscribed VOT PR on altar, C, T T.

Diameter: 17.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.75 g
Scarce 25
RIC 94
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An AE Follis struck 309 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: IMP MAXENTIVS P F AVG CONS II, Bust of Maxentius facing right, wearing laurel wreath, and Consular robes; holding eagle-tipped scepter

Reverse: CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing left, in hexastyle temple, holding globe and scepter; shield at side; crescent in pediment

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 6.2 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI Aquileia 125
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An AE Follis struck 307 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: IMP C MAXENTIUS PF AUG / Laureate Maxentius facing right

Reverse: CONSERV URB SUAE / Roma in quadrastyle temple, AQΓ in exergue

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.84 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI 113
(45) Maximian
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An AE Follis struck 306-307 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANUS P F AVG, laureate head right

Reverse: FIDES MILITVM AVGG ET CAESS NN, Fides standing holding standard in each hand, AQP in exergue

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 9 g
No notes for this coin
RIC VI 60b
(46) Maximian
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An AE unit struck 299 A.D. in Ticinum
Obverse: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate head right.

Reverse: VOT XX P in three lines within wreath.

Diameter: 19.5 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.32 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 36b
(47) Maximian
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An BL Follis struck 305-306 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: laureate bust dressed in imperial mantle right holding olive-branch and mappa; D N MAXIMIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG

Reverse: Quies standing left extending hand against Providentia who is holding scepter and branch; PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG / S_·_F / AQS

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.27 g
abdication follis
RIC VI Aquileia 63b
(48) Maximian
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An AR Argenteus struck 295 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: laureate head right; MAXIMIA_NVS AVG

Reverse: tetrarchs sacrificing before six-turreted enclosure; VIRTVS_MILITVM

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.92 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 18b; RSC 622d
(49) Maximian
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An AE Follis struck 302-305 in Aquileia
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right

Reverse: SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, VI in right field, AQP in exergue.

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 10.32 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(50) Octavian
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An AR Denarius struck 43 BC in Military Mint
Obverse: C·CAESAR·IMP, Bare head of Octavian facing right

Reverse: Equestrian statue with Octavian, facing left; S·C in exergue

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.25 g
When a similar ocin was sold at Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG Auction 94 Lot 16 this was said:

"This is a favourite type coin for me as it is the first appearance of Octavian on a coin. Very often found in low grade, it is nonetheless a very historically important coin. It’s a great piece of history at a low price! Here you see a young Octavian for the first time on the obverse. The reverse shows the equestrian statue that he demanded the senate build for him after putting down the siege at Mutina. It is a brazen display of Octavian’s contempt for the senate."
RSC Augustus 246; BMC Gaul 81; Syd. 1318; Cr. 490/1
(51) Ostrogoths | Theodoric | Anastasius I
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An AR Quarter-Siliqua struck 493-518 AD in Ravenna
Obverse: pearl-didemed bust right, Ostrogothic-style garment; D N ANASTASIVS

Reverse: monogram of Theodoric - (THRD) S / O; INVIC_TA ROMA / *

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
in the name of Anastasius Ravenna or Rome
WARWICK WROTH No.:78 plate vii.9
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An BL 4 Carzie struck 1567-1570 in Venice
Obverse: + PETRVS • LΛVREDΛ • DVX •, cross pattee with pellet in each quarter.

Reverse: + SΛNCTVS • MΛRCVS • VENET, lion rampant left.

Diameter: 19.7 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 1.88 g
Pietro Loredan (born Venice, Italy 1482 – died Venice, 3 May 1570) was the 84th Doge of Venice. He reigned from 1567 to 1570. In 1569, a fire broke out in the Arsenal. The fire encroached on the adjacent buildings and cost the lives of 2000 people. In the same year five private banks bankrupted. Because of the shortage cereals, bread had to be rationed. The Republic came under massive pressure from the Ottoman Sultans, who invaded Cyprus. By frantic diplomatic activity Venice was able to bring together a coalition against the Turks. However, despite the alliance of the Holy League and their victory over the Turks in the Battle of Lepanto, the loss of Cyprus could not be averted.
Papadopoli 33; Paolucci 15.
(53) Probus
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An BL Antoninianus struck 278 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right; IMP C PROBVS P F AVG

Reverse: Probus standing right holding eagle-tipped scepter in left, receiving globe form Jupiter standing left holding long scepter vertical behind in left; IOVI CON_SERVAT / VXXT

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.21 g
4th emission
RIC V-2 387 Ticinum
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An AR Denarius struck 81 BC in Military Mint | Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: diademed head of Pietas right, hair tied in a knot, and wearing earring; stork right

Reverse: elephant left, bell hanging from its neck Q·C·M·P·I

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.9 g

mint in north Italy. Elephant commemorates victory of moneyer's ancestor L. Caecilius Metellus over Hastrubal in the first Punic war 251 BC near Palermo. Seized elephants appeared in his triumph and became the emblem of the family. Moneyer received agnomen Pius in 99 BC for his effort to return his father from exile. Stork is the symbol of Pietas. Moneyer struck these coins as Imperator in the northern Italy where he fought along with Sulla. They held consularship together in 80 BC.

Crawford 374/1, SRCV I 301, Sydenham 750, RSC I Caecilia 43
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An AR Denarius struck 81 BC in Gallia Cisalpina
Obverse: Diademed head of Pietas ; stork in right field.

Reverse: Elephant walking left; Q•C•M•P•I in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.66 g
"Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius was a pro-Sullan politician and general who was Roman consul in 80 B.C., he was the principal Senatorial commander during the Sertorian War, fighting alongside Pompeius Magnus.

Metellus Pius came from one of the most important and wealthiest families of Rome. Beginning in the 3rd century BC, his family held numerous consulships, tribunates, censorships and military commands. His father, Q. Caecilius Metellus Numidicus, was the chief commander in the Jugurthine War in Numidia until Marius displaced him, and was later censor until driven into exile by Marius.

Though Metellus Pius fame is largely derived from his later campaigns in Hispania against Sertorius, the coinage in his name was struck at a North italian mint in 81 B.C, while he fought for Sulla against leaders of the Marian Party, such as Carrinas, Norbanus and Carbo. The obverse of this coin portrays the goddess Pietas and alludes to the moneyer's cognomen, Pius. The moneyer acquired the honorable title from the people of Rome, whom he had beseeched in order to secure the restoration from exile of his father. The reverse with the elephant recalls the accomplishment of his ancestor Lucius Caecilius Metellus, who in 251 B.C captured an army of Carthaginian elephants at Panormus."

Provenance: e-Bay sale, December 2017.
Crawford 374/1
(56) Salonina
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An BL Antoninianus struck 253-268 A.D. in Mediolanum
Obverse: SALONINA AVG, Her diademed and draped bust right resting on crescent

Reverse: FECUNDITAS AUG, Fecunditas standing holding infant, a child at her feet

Diameter: 18.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
Wife of Gallienus, mother of Valerian II and Saloninus Murdered with her husband in AD 268
RIC 57
(57) Salonina
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An BL Antoninianus struck 267-268 AD in Mediolanum
Obverse: diademed and draped bust on crescent right; SALONINA AVG

Reverse: Salonina seated left, holding olive-branch and long scepter; AVG IN PACE / MS

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.5 g
Mediolanum; 8th emission; 267 - IX 268 AD
Göbl MIR 1377e, RIC V S58, Cohen V 17, SRCV III 10626
(58) Severina
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An AE Antoninianus struck 270-275 AD in Ticinum
Obverse: SEVERINA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right on crescent.

Reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left holding two standards

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 29 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V-1 8
(59) Severina
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An BL Antoninianus struck 275-283 A.D. in Ticinum
Obverse: SEVERINA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on a crescent

Reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left with two ensigns.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.85 g
No notes for this coin
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1561
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An AE Centenionalis struck 379-383 A.D. in Aquileia
Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: REPARATIO REIPVB, emperor standing front, head left, offering right hand to female on left to help her rise from kneeling position, and holding Victory on a globe. Mintmark SMAQP.

Diameter: 23.5 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4.78 g

15

RIC IX 30d
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An AE unit struck 383 - 392 AD in Aquileia
Obverse: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy on shoulder, dragging captive behind her. Chi-rho in left field. Mintmark AQP

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.22 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IX Aquileia 58B
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An AE Centenionalis struck 365 in Aquileia
Obverse: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG,

Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPUBLICAE, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, D in left field

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.5 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 19492
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An AU Solidus struck 426-430 AD in Ravenna
Obverse: rosette-didemed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N PLA VALENTI_NIANVS P F AVG

Reverse: Valentinian III facing, holding long cross and Victory on globe left, stepping on the human-headed serpent with closed-coiled; VICTORI_A AVGGG / R_V / CON OB

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC X Valentinian III 2011