Coins from Judea
Judea or Judæa is the name of the mountainous southern part of Canaan-Israel. The name originates from the Hebrew name "Yehudah", a son of the Jewish patriarch Jacob/Israel, and Yehudah's progeny forming the biblical Israelite tribe of Judah (Yehudah) and later the associated Kingdom of Judah.

The first Judean coins were struck when Judea was part of the Persian empire from the 6th - 4th centuries BC. During the latter part of this period, small silver coins were struck by an autonomous Jewish authority with the permission of the Persians. Many copied the owl design of the popular Athenian silver coins, but the Greek inscription “AQE” was replaced by an ancient Hebrew legend “YEHUD,” the Persian name of the Province of Judaea.

For the next many centuries, autonomous and semi-autonomous coins were struck in Judea under various foreign masters; Seleucids, Ptolemaics, and finally Romans..

Most famous are probably the coins of the various Hasmonean kings, and those of the Jewish revolts. Ancient Jewish coinage remains a very popular collection area, especially amongst American collectors.

Judea

(1) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(2) Alexander Jannaeus 95-76 BC
Obverse: star of eight rays surrounded by a diadem, between each ray a letter 'Yehonatan the King'
Reverse: Seleucid anchor; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1150
(3) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: Star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' off flan
Reverse: Anchor in circle, BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1153
(4) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: Star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' around
Reverse: Anchor in circle; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1153
(5) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: Star of six rays, within circle of dots (off flan), barbaric blundered imitation of Aramaic legend around
Reverse: Anchor within circle blundered barbaric imitation of Greek legend around
Ref: Hendin 1153
(6) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(7) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(8) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(9) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: Laureate bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI AN_TWNINOC CE
Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, serpent-entwined torch below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC TO Δ
Ref: Prieur 1659A
(10) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: Laureate head right; AVT KAI ANT_WNINOC CE
Reverse: Eagle on altar facing, head right, wreath in beak, pellet in circle between eagle's legs, serpent-entwined torch below; ΔHMAPX EΞ_VΠATOC TO Δ
Ref: not in Prieur, maybe unique?
(11) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: Laureate head right; AVT KAI AN_TΩNINOC CE
Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, altar below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC T Δ
Ref: obv.: Prieur 1702 / rev.: Prieur 17...
(12) Diadumenian 217-218 AD
Obverse: draped and cuirassed bust right; M OP DIADVMENIAN[V?] CAE
Reverse: Serapis head right wearing modius; COL·P·FL·AV_F·C·CAESAR
Ref: Kadman 78; SNG ANS 801; Rosenberger...
(13) Herod I 28-4 BC
Obverse: anchor HPWΔ_BACIΛ
Reverse: 2 cornucopiae, caduceus between, dots above
Ref: Hendin 1188, Meshorer TJC 59
(14) John Hyrcanus II 67, 63-40 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1159
(15) Macrinus 217-218 AD
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; AVT·K·M·OΠ·CE·_MAKPEINOC C
Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, Three Graces standing within wreath between legs; Δ_HMAPX_·EΞ·YΠATOC Π Π
Ref: Prieur 1606 var. (obv. legend)
(16) Tiberius | Pontius Pilate 30-31 AD
Obverse: Lituus; TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC
Reverse: Wreath; LIH
Ref: Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC ...
(17) Tiberius | Valerius Gratus 17 AD
Obverse: legend in wreath tied at base with an X; TIB / KAI/CAP (Tiberius Caesar)
Reverse: palm branch flanked by: IOY−ΛIA / L - ∆
Ref: Hendin 1338, Meshorer TJC 327