Coins from Judea
Judea or Judæa is the name of the mountainous southern part of Canaan-Israel. The name originates from the Hebrew name "Yehudah", a son of the Jewish patriarch Jacob/Israel, and Yehudah's progeny forming the biblical Israelite tribe of Judah (Yehudah) and later the associated Kingdom of Judah.

The first Judean coins were struck when Judea was part of the Persian empire from the 6th - 4th centuries BC. During the latter part of this period, small silver coins were struck by an autonomous Jewish authority with the permission of the Persians. Many copied the owl design of the popular Athenian silver coins, but the Greek inscription “AQE” was replaced by an ancient Hebrew legend “YEHUD,” the Persian name of the Province of Judaea.

For the next many centuries, autonomous and semi-autonomous coins were struck in Judea under various foreign masters; Seleucids, Ptolemaics, and finally Romans..

Most famous are probably the coins of the various Hasmonean kings, and those of the Jewish revolts. Ancient Jewish coinage remains a very popular collection area, especially amongst American collectors.
Judea
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An AE Prutah struck 103-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath

Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1145
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An AE Prutah struck 95-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: star of eight rays surrounded by a diadem, between each ray a letter 'Yehonatan the King'

Reverse: Seleucid anchor; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.67 g
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1150
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An AE Lepton struck 78-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' off flan

Reverse: Anchor in circle, BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.71 g
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1153
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An AE Lepton struck 78-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' around

Reverse: Anchor in circle; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.6 g
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1153
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An AE Lepton struck 78-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Star of six rays, within circle of dots (off flan), barbaric blundered imitation of Aramaic legend around

Reverse: Anchor within circle blundered barbaric imitation of Greek legend around

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 0.54 g
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1153
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An AE Prutah struck 103-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath

Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1145
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An AE Prutah struck 103-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath

Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1145
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An AE Prutah struck 103-76 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath

Reverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
From this failed srike it looks like several coins were struck at the same time.
Hendin 1145
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Caesarea Maritima
Obverse: Laureate bust right, draped shoulder; AVT KAI AN_TWNINOC CE

Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, serpent-entwined torch below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC TO Δ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1659A
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Caesarea Maritima
Obverse: Laureate head right; AVT KAI ANT_WNINOC CE

Reverse: Eagle on altar facing, head right, wreath in beak, pellet in circle between eagle's legs, serpent-entwined torch below; ΔHMAPX EΞ_VΠATOC TO Δ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
not in Prieur, maybe unique?
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Flavia Neapolis
Obverse: Laureate head right; AVT KAI AN_TΩNINOC CE

Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, altar below; ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC T Δ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
obv.: Prieur 1702 / rev.: Prieur 1701
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Gaza
Obverse: Laureate head right

Reverse: Eagle standing facing, head left, with wreath in beak and wings spread; between legs, sign of Marnas in pelleted circle; star to upper right.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1686 var. (no star)
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An AE unit struck 217-218 AD in Caesarea Maritima
Obverse: draped and cuirassed bust right; M OP DIADVMENIAN[V?] CAE

Reverse: Serapis head right wearing modius; COL·P·FL·AV_F·C·CAESAR

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.7 g
No notes for this coin
Kadman 78; SNG ANS 801; Rosenberger 67.
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An AE unit struck 162-163 AD in Abila (Decapolis)
Obverse: draped bust right; ΦAVCTEINA__CEBACTH

Reverse: Athena standing half left holding branch and spear; CEΛ__EVK__ABIΛA ϚKC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Spijkerman 4; SNG ANS 1120; RPC IV.3, 6507 (temporary)
(15) Hadrian
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An AE unit struck 132-133 AD in Gaza
Obverse: laureate head right; A KA TR__AΔPIAN CE

Reverse: Herakles facing, head left, holding club and lion skin; ΓAZA__Δ EΠI Γ_YP / Mem

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.1 g
No notes for this coin
Yashin 323; Rosenberger 54, BMC 49, Volume III, № 4031
(16) Herod I
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An AE Prutah struck 28-4 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: anchor HPWΔ_BACIΛ

Reverse: 2 cornucopiae, caduceus between, dots above

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1188, Meshorer TJC 59
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An AE Prutah struck 67, 63-40 BC in Jerusalem
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews" within wreath

Reverse: double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
King 67 BC, Ethnarch 63-40 BC
Hendin 1159
(18) Macrinus
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 217-218 AD in Gadara
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; AVT·K·M·OΠ·CE·_MAKPEINOC C

Reverse: Eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, Three Graces standing within wreath between legs; Δ_HMAPX_·EΞ·YΠATOC Π Π

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1606 var. (obv. legend)
(19) Macrinus
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 217-218 AD in Aelia Capitolina
Obverse: laureate head right; AVT K M OΠEΛ CE_MAKPINOC C

Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, jug between legs, thyrsos and ivy leaf below; ΔHMAPX EΞ YΠA TOC Π Π

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
ex Emporium Hamburg
Prieur 1642
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An AE unit struck 147-161 AD in Decapolis | Antioch ad Hippum
Obverse: ΚΑΙС ΑΥΡ οΥΗΡ, Bare head of Marcus facing right, sporting short beard

Reverse: ΑΝΤ ΠΡ ΙΠ ΙƐΡ ΑСΥΛ, Tyche standing facing, head left, wearing turret headdress, holding small horse and cornucopia

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 9.2 g
Marcus Aurelius as "Caesar" under Antoninus Pius

"The Decapolis (Greek: Δεκάπολις Dekápolis, Ten Cities) was a group of ten cities on the eastern frontier of the Roman Empire in the southeastern Levant. The cities were grouped together because of their language, culture, location, and political status, with each functioning as an autonomous city-state. Though sometimes described as a "league" of cities, it is now believed that they were never formally organized as a political unit. The Decapolis was a center of Greek and Roman culture in a region which was otherwise ancient Semitic-speaking peoples (Nabataeans, Arameans, and Judeans). In the time of the Emperor Trajan, the cities were placed into the provinces of Syria and Arabia Petraea; after a later reorganization several cities were placed in Syria Palaestina and later Palaestina Secunda. Most of the Decapolis region is located in modern-day Jordan, but Damascus is in Syria and Hippos and Scythopolis are in Israel."
RPC Online IV temp 6571
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An AE Hemiobol struck c. 246-222 BC in Ioppe
Obverse: Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle with closed wings standing left on thunderbolt, harpē to left

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 4 g
The mintmark to the left of the eagle on this rare bronze hemiobol of Ptolemy III is a harpē; a type of ancient Greek sword which had a sickle protrusion along one edge near the tip of the blade. Lorber explains that these coins were assigned to Ioppe by Svoronos because the harpē was the weapon of Perseus, who according to myth rescued Andromeda in the harbour of Ioppe. A fun, if slightly irrelevant fact; Ioppe is an ancient port city in Israel that is also known as ‘Jaffa’ and later became famous for it’s delicious oranges. It’s also the name of my cat.
CPE B473; SNG Copenhagen 465 (Ptolemy II)
(22) Tiberius | Pontius Pilate
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An AE Prutah struck 30-31 AD in Jerusalem
Obverse: Lituus; TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC

Reverse: Wreath; LIH

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.5 g
No notes for this coin
Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623
(23) Tiberius | Valerius Gratus
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An AE Prutah struck 17 AD in Jerusalem
Obverse: legend in wreath tied at base with an X; TIB / KAI/CAP (Tiberius Caesar)

Reverse: palm branch flanked by: IOY−ΛIA / L - ∆

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.1 g
struck by Roman Prefect under Tiberius
RPC I, 4964; Hendin 1338, Meshorer TJC 327