Tyre - A settlement in Phoenicia also known as Tyrus
Tyre was founded around 2750 BC according to Herodotus and was originally built as a walled city upon the mainland.

It was particularly known for the production of a rare and extraordinarily expensive sort of purple dye, produced from the murex shellfish, known as Tyrian purple. The colour was, in ancient cultures, reserved for the use of royalty or at least the nobility.

The Achaemenid Empire conquered the city in 539 BC and kept it under its rule until 332 BC, where it was conquered and razed by Alexander the Great. When the area became a Roman province in 64 BC, it was allowed to keep much of its independence, as a "civitas foederata".

Tyre continued to maintain much of its commercial importance until the Common Era.

Modern location: Tyre, Lebanon

(1) Caracalla 215-217 AD
Obverse: laureate head right AVT KAI AN_TWNEINOC CE
Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, murex shell and club below ·ΔHMAPX·EΞ·VΠATOC·TO·Δ·
Ref: Prieur 1547, Bellinger 303, BMC Gre...
(2) Trajan 112 AD
Obverse: laureate head right, club below, eagle right; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK
Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) right, seated on a rock, holding heads of grain, river god (Orontes?) swimming at her feet; ∆HMAPX__EΞ IϚ YΠAT Ϛ
Ref: Prieur 1499
(3) Tyre 112-113 AD
AE unit Tyre
Obverse: veiled turreted head of Tyche right, palm branch behind, purple dye murex before
Reverse: Phoenician galley sailing left; HΛΣ / (TYP) IEPAΣ / MHTPOΠO / ΛEωΣ
Ref: BMC 315ff
(4) Tyre c. 330-329 BC
Obverse: bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below
Reverse: owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail behind date II (year 2) and Phoenician letter tsade in right fields
Ref: BMC Phoenicia p. 231, 29; SNG Cop 3...