Tyre — A settlement in Phoenicia also known as Tyrus
Tyre was founded around 2750 BC according to Herodotus and was originally built as a walled city upon the mainland.

It was particularly known for the production of a rare and extraordinarily expensive sort of purple dye, produced from the murex shellfish, known as Tyrian purple. The colour was, in ancient cultures, reserved for the use of royalty or at least the nobility.

The Achaemenid Empire conquered the city in 539 BC and kept it under its rule until 332 BC, where it was conquered and razed by Alexander the Great. When the area became a Roman province in 64 BC, it was allowed to keep much of its independence, as a "civitas foederata".

Tyre continued to maintain much of its commercial importance until the Common Era.

Modern location: Tyre, Lebanon
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 148-147 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on prow left, with palm branch over shoulder; to left, club surmounted by (TYP) monogram; to right, EΞP (date) above (ΓHP) monogram; AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Seleucid era year 165 = 20th September 148 BC - 8th September 147 BC
SC 1835.4c; HGC 9, 883; DCA 122; Newell (1936) 70.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 215-217 AD in Tyre
Obverse: laureate head right AVT KAI AN_TWNEINOC CE

Reverse: eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, murex shell and club below ·ΔHMAPX·EΞ·VΠATOC·TO·Δ·

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1547, Bellinger 303, BMC Greek (Phoenicia) 40, p.304
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 301-294 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress

Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and a scepter; monograms to left and below throne; Greek text to right (AΛEΞANΔPOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 17.3 g
Reverse is slightly double struck
Price 3551 corr.; Hersh, Tyrus 5, dies II/b-f; HGC 3, 1009b
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 143-142 BC in Tyre
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on prow left, with palm branch over shoulder; to left, club surmounted by (TYP) monogram; to right, OP (date) above (ΓHP) monogram; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ__ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SC 1959.4c.
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An AE Hemiobol struck c. 274-271 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Horned head of deified Alexander right, wearing mitra, with long, flowing hair

Reverse: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt with wings spread; Π above club to left

Diameter: 14 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.69 g
Ex. Italo Vecchi Collection; Ex. Dix Noonan Webb Auction A13 (25.09.2012); Lot 3054; Ex. Stephen Alexander Collection
CPE B328; Svoronos 641; SNG Cop 481
(6) Trajan
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 112 AD in Tyre
Obverse: Laureate head right, club below, eagle right; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK

Reverse: City goddess (Tyche?) right, seated on a rock, holding heads of grain, river god (Orontes?) swimming at her feet; ∆HMAPX__EΞ IϚ YΠAT Ϛ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Prieur 1499
(7) Tyre
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An AE unit struck 112-113 AD in Tyre
Obverse: Veiled turreted head of Tyche right, palm branch behind, purple dye murex before

Reverse: Phoenician galley sailing left; HΛΣ / (TYP) IEPAΣ / MHTPOΠO / ΛEωΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 9.93 g
No notes for this coin
BMC 315ff
(8) Tyre
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An AR Didrachm struck c. 330-329 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Bearded Melqart riding hippocamp with curled wing to right, waves and dolphin below

Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail behind date II (year 2) and Phoenician letter tsade in right fields

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 8.5 g
ex Forum Ancient Coins
BMC Phoenicia p. 231, 29; SNG Cop 307 var.(year)