Philip II - Basileus of Macedon from 359 BC to 336 BC
Philip II was the king of the Kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, and the father of Alexander the Great and Philip III.

He reformed the Ancient Macedonian army and established the Macedonian phalanx which wac critical in securing victories on the battlefield. After defeating Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea , Philip II l established the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.

After his assassination, his son Alexander the Great would go on to invade the Achaemenid Empire in his stead.
Philip II
King Philip II of Macedonia

(1) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (trident?)
Ref: SNG Cop - (cf 148), BMC - (cf 366),...
(2) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Head of Apollo right
Reverse: Naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY / (Λ.)
Ref: Müller 129
(3) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: head of Apollo right
Reverse: naked youth on horse right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, ?
Ref: Sear #6696
(4) Philip II 359-336 BC
AE unit Macedonia
Obverse: Diademed head of Apollo right
Reverse: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ. Youth on horse rearing right. Control: Below, spearhead right
Ref: SNG ANS 850-1
(5) Philip II 359 - 336 BC
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Youth on horseback right, holding palm frond
Ref: None provided
(6) Philip II | Philip III 323-315 BC
Obverse: head of Apollo wearing tainia right
Reverse: horseman riding right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, M in wreath
Ref: Le Rider pl. 45, 33; SNG ANS 625-7;...