he territory of Eumeneia comprised the rich plain between the lower Glaucus and its junction with the upper Maeander, in the midst of which stood, at Attanassos, the hieron of an old Phrygian god.
Its earliest coins are autonomous bronze of the second century B.C. Inscr., ΕΥΜΕΝΕΩΝ. Types—Head of Zeus, rev. oak-wreath; Head of Athena, rev. Nike; Head of Dionysos, rev. Tripod between bipennis entwined by serpent and filleted laurel branch, each surmounted by star, mostly with magistrates’ names in genitive case with patronymic. After an interval of about half a century coins were struck, probably at Eumeneia, under the name of Fulvia, which appears to have been imposed upon it for a very brief time in honour of the wife of Marcus Antonius.
Modern location: Çivril, Turkey
Reverse: oak wreath; EYME / NEΩN
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
Reverse: Minerva standing left, holding shield and spear; [ΦOYΛOYIANON] in right field, [Z]MEPTOPIΓOΣ / [Φ]IΛΩNIΔOΥ] in two lines in left field.
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.48 g
"Fulvia married Mark Antony in 44 BC, and became an outspoken defender of his interests in Rome while he campaigned in the East. The city of Eumenia (where this coin was struck) was re-named Fulviana in her honor by Antony's partisans. By 40 BC Fulvia's strident attacks on Octavian caused a great deal of trouble for Antony, who upbraided her for antagonizing Octavian, with whom he was trying to maintain a semblance of cordial relations. Fulvia died at Sicyon shortly thereafter. Sometime afterward these coins struck at "Fulviana" had their ethnic scratched off (this specimen got away), and two countermarks were applied: one may be resolved as Eumeneia; the other as Philonidos, although Zmertorix himself has been suggested). These countermarks suggest that, rather than melting down the coinage of Fulvia and striking new coins, a more expeditious solution was required to keep needed currency in circulation."
Provenance: H.D Rauch, E-Auction 28 (13 September 2018), lot 131.