Antiochus III - Basileus of Basileía tōn Seleukidōn from 223 BC to 187 BC
Antiochus III was a Hellenistic Greek king and the 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire.

Rising to the throne at the age of eighteen in 222 BC, his early campaigns against the Ptolemaic Kingdom were unsuccessful, but in the following years Antiochus gained several military victories and substantially expanded the empire's territory. His traditional designation, the Great, reflects an epithet he assumed.

Antiochus restored much of the territory of the Seleucid Empire, before suffering a serious setback, towards the end of his reign, in his war against Rome.

Declaring himself the "champion of Greek freedom against Roman domination", Antiochus III waged a four-year war against the Roman Republic in mainland Greece in autumn of 192 BC before being decisively defeated at the Battle of Magnesia. He died three years later on campaign in the east.
Antiochus III
King Antiochus III "the Great" of the Seleucid Empire

Epithet: Μέγας ("the Great")

(1) Antiochus III 222-187 BC
AE unit Sardis
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: Elephant left; anchor up side down to the left BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY
Ref: Houghton-Lorber I 979, cf. SNG Spae...
(2) Antiochus III c. 198-187 BC
AE unit Syria
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding wreath; anchor left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY, ΔI
Ref: Antiochos III, HGC 9, 492.?
(3) Antiochus III 222–187 BC
AR Tetradrachm Antioch on the Orontes
Obverse: Diademed head right
Reverse: Apollo Delphios, testing arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; monograms to outer left
Ref: SC 1042.1; Le Rider, Antioche, Seri...