Coins from Sardinia
Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Around the 9th century BC the Phoenicians began visiting Sardinia with increasing frequency, presumably initially needing safe over-night and/or all-weather anchorages along their trade routes from the coast of modern-day Lebanon as far afield as the African and European Atlantic coasts and beyond.

In the 6th century BC, after the conquest of western Sicily, the Carthaginians planned to annex Sardinia. A first invasion attempt led by Malco was foiled by the victorious Nuraghic resistance. However, from 510 BC, the southern and west-central part of the island was invaded a second time and came under Carthaginian rule.

In 238 BC, the Romans annexed Sardinia from the Carthaginians, and it became part of the province of Corsica and Sardinia. Roman rule in Sardinia lasted 694 years, during which time the province was an important source of grain for the capital. Latin came to be the dominant spoken language during this period, though Roman culture was slower to take hold, and Roman rule was often contested by the Sardinian tribes from the mountainous regions.

Sardinia

Obverse: draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above
Reverse: togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform, A·POST ·A·F S·N·(AL)BIN
Ref: Crawford 372/1, SRCV I 296, Sydenha...
Obverse: veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN
Reverse: togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle right; fasces with axe right A· / (AL)BIN / N·S· / POST·A·F
Ref: Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC I...
Obverse: diademed head of Venus right; S·C
Reverse: Victory right in triga holding reins; XXXIII / C·N(AE)·B(AL)B
Ref: Crawford 382/1b, SRCV I 309, RSC I ...
(4) C. Plautius C.f. 124 (121)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right; X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear; C·PLVTI / ROMA
Ref: Crawford 278/1, SRCV I 153, Sydenha...
(5) C. Sulpicius 103 BC
AE As Sardinia
Obverse: Laureate head of Janus; above, mark of value.
Reverse: Prow right; C•SVLPI above; palm-branch in right field; ROMA below.
Ref: Crawford 312/2
(6) Carthage 300-264 BC
AE unit Carthage | Sardinia
Obverse: head of Tanit left
Reverse: head of horse right
Ref: SNG Cop 149, Alexandropoulos 57, Mü...
AE Sextans Sardinia
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasos; ●●
Reverse: prow of galley right, fighting platform with club; ROMA / C /●●
Ref: Crawford 63/6, Sydenham 157d, BMCRR...
(8) L. Papius 78 (79)BC
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right waering goat skin; bucket behind
Reverse: Gryphon springing right; jug below L.PAPI
Ref: Crawford 384/1 (symbol 11); Sydenha...
Obverse: head of Juno Sospita right wearing goat skin, S·C
Reverse: Juno Sospita in biga right holding spear, reins and shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F
Ref: Crawford 379/2, SRCV I 307, Sydenha...
(10) M. Fannius C.f. 121 (123)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X
Reverse: Victory in quadriga right holding reins and palm branch M·F(AN)·C·F
Ref: Crawford 275/1, SRCV I 150, Sydenha...
(11) Q. Antonius Balbus 83-82 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Jupiter right, S·C / Q·
Reverse: Victory riding in quadriga right, holding wreath, reins and palm branch, Q·(ANT)O·B(AL)B / PR
Ref: Crawford 364/1a, SRCV I 279, Sydenh...
(12) Q. Fabius Labeo 120 (124)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right waering winged helmet LABEO ROMA X
Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and scepter, hurling thunderbolt, rostrum tridens below Q·FABI
Ref: Crawford 273/1, SRCV I 148, Sydenha...
(13) Q. Minucius Rufus 120 (122)BC
AR Denarius Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet RVF X
Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear Q·MINV ROMA
Ref: Crawford 277/1, SRCV I 152, Sydenha...
(14) Rome | Anonymous 211-206 BC
AE Quadrans Sardinia?
Obverse: head of Hercules right wearing lion skin; ●●●
Reverse: prow of galley right ROMA; ●●●
Ref: Crawford cf. 56/5; RBW 210. Cf.; Mc...
(15) Ti. Claudius Nero 78 (79)BC
Obverse: diademed draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C
Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding wreath, reins and palm branch, LXIII TI·CLA(VD)·TI·F / (AP)·N
Ref: Crawford 383/1, SRCV I 310, Sydenha...