Seleucia on Tigris — A settlement in Babylonia
Seleucia was a major Mesopotamian city of the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires. It stood on the west bank of the Tigris River opposite Ctesiphon.

It was named for Seleucus I Nicator, who enlarged an earlier settlement and made it the capital of his empire around 305 bc. It was the largest and most important of the many cities to bear its name.

In 117 AD, Seleucia was burned down by the Roman emperor Trajan during his conquest of Mesopotamia, but the following year it was ceded back to the Parthians by Trajan's successor, Hadrian, then rebuilt in the Parthian style. It was completely destroyed by the Roman general Avidius Cassius in 165. Sixty years later, it was rebuilt by Persian emperor Ardashir I.

The city eventually faded into obscurity and was swallowed by the desert sands, probably abandoned after the Tigris shifted its course.

Modern location: Ruins
An AR Tetradrachm struck 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed bust right

Reverse: Apollo seated left, on omphalos, holding arrow and resting on bow

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 6886
An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Antiochus I Soter facing right wearing diadem

Reverse: Apollo seated left on omphalus, bow in left hand, arrow in right, Greek text left (ANTIOXOY) and right (BAΣIΛEΩΣ), monograms left and right

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.97 g
Coin is encapsulated in holder. Scratch on upper right of reverse is on the holder, not the coin.
SC 379.3a; HGC 9; ESM 149; Houghton 950; SNG Spaer 289
An AR Tetradrachm struck 261-256 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochus I right

Reverse: Apollo seated on omphalos left, holding arrow and bow; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANT_IOXOY, (HYP)_(ΠΩA)

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.95 g
SC I 587.1c, SNG Spaer 385-6, Newell ESM 180
An AR Tetradrachm struck 226-223 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed head of Seleucus III right, dotted border

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ | ΣEΛE-YKOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow; monograms in outer left and right fields

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 16.93 g
No notes for this coin
SC 939.3
An AE unit struck 296-286 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Horned and bridled head of horse right

Reverse: Anchor, BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ΣEΛEYKOY, monogram

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.7 g
SC I 146; ESM 46; SNG Spaer 135.