It became a Roman colony sometime before 28 BC, as witnessed by the early city coins, which bear the abbreviation NEM. COL, "Colony of Nemausus". Augustus made the city the capital of Narbonne province, and gave it all its glory. It was also known as the birthplace of the family of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.
It had an estimated population of 60,000 during the time of Augustus.
Modern location: Nîmes, France
Reverse: COL-NEM, palm tree curving to right, crocodile right chained below, wreath to left of palm tip with long ties trailing to right
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 12.45 g
Reverse: Chained crocodile standing right; palm and filleted wreath behind COL_NEM
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 13.1 g
Reverse: COL NEM, Crocodile chained to palm-shoot with tip right; above palm-tip left a wreath with long ties
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 12.65 g
The reverse symbolizes the capture of Egypt after the Battle of Actium, and the soldiers that won that battle were granted land in Colonia Nemausus.