Laodicea ad Lycum - A settlement in Phrygia
Laodicea was an ancient city built on the river Lycus. At first, Laodicea was not a place of much importance, but it soon acquired a high degree of prosperity.

In 220 BC, Achaeus was its king. In 188 BC, the city passed to the Kingdom of Pergamon, and after 133 BC it fell under Roman control. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under the dominion of Rome.

Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, Laodicea, benefiting from its advantageous position on a trade route, became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of Asia Minor, in which large money transactions and an extensive trade in black wool were carried on.

The area often suffered from earthquakes, especially from the great shock that occurred in the reign of Nero (60 AD) in which the town was completely destroyed. But the inhabitants declined imperial assistance to rebuild the city and restored it from their own means. It was fortified by the emperor Manuel I Comnenus, but was destroyed during the invasions of the Turks and Mongols.

Modern location: Ruins

(1) Antoninus Pius 138-161 AD
Obverse: Laureate head right; AV KAI TI AI AΔP__ANTΩNEINOC
Reverse: Wreath; (ΠΟ) / ΑΙΛΙΟС / ΔΙΟΝVСΙΟС / ΛΑΟΔΙ / ΚЄΩΝ
Ref: RPC IV online 2084; BMC 202-3.
(2) Augustus c. 15 BC
Obverse: laureate head right, lituus right; ΣEBAΣTOΣ
Reverse: Zeus Laodicea standing left with eagle and staff; ZEVΞIΣ / ΦIΛAΛHΘHΣ / ΛAOΔIKEΩN
Ref: RPC 2894; SNG Cop. 555.
(3) Augustus c. 15 BC
Obverse: bare bust right seen from behind; ΣEBAΣTOΣ
Reverse: serpent-entwined staff; ZEVΞIΣ / ΦIΛAΛHΘHΣ / ΛAOΔIKEΩN
Ref: RPC I, 477, 2895. SNG von Aulock 38...
(4) Augustus ca. 15 BC
Obverse: ΣEBAΣTOΣ, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath, lituus at right (off of flan)
Reverse: ZEYΞIΣ ΦIΛAΛHΘHΣ ΛAOΔIKEΩN, Zeus Laodiceus standing facing left, holding eagle and scepter
Ref: RPC I 2894
(5) Caracalla 211-217 AD
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; AVT·KAI M·AYP'AN·_TΩNEINOC·CEB
Reverse: Agnostic table with prize urn and palm on top; knives at sides; kantharos under table; EΠI Λ AIΛ ΠI_ΓPHTOC ACIAP / ΛAOΔIKEΩN / NEΩKOPΩN
Ref: unlisted
(6) Laodicea ad Lycum 13-37 AD
Obverse: bust of Men on crescent right wearing laureate Phrygian cap; ΛΑΟ_ΔΙΚΕΩΝ
Reverse: eagle standing right, head left; (KOP) ΔΙΟΣΚOΥΡΙΔΗΣ
Ref: RPC I 2907; SNG Copenhagen 513