Ptolemy became ruler of Egypt and founded a dynasty which ruled it for the next three centuries, turning Egypt into a Hellenistic kingdom and Alexandria into a center of Greek culture.
He assimilated some aspects of Egyptian culture, however, assuming the traditional title pharaoh in 305/4 BC. The use of the title of pharaoh was often situational: pharaoh was used for an Egyptian audience, and Basileus for a Greek audience, as exemplified by Egyptian coinage.
Ptolemy I Soter died in winter 283 or spring 282 at the age of 84.
Reverse: eagle standing left on thunderbolt; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, P / (ΠAP)
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.7 g
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P above monogram to left
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 14.38 g