Antiochus IV - Basileus of Basileía tōn Seleukidōn from 175 BC to 163 BC
Antiochus IV was a Hellenistic Greek king of the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC.

He was a son of King Antiochus III the Great. His original name was Mithradates (alternative form Mithridates); he assumed the name Antiochus after he ascended the throne.

Notable events during the reign of Antiochus IV include his near-conquest of Egypt, his persecution of the Jews of Judea and Samaria, and the rebellion of the Jewish Maccabees.

Antiochus was the first Seleucid king to use divine epithets on coins, perhaps inspired by the Bactrian Hellenistic kings who had earlier done so, or else building on the ruler cult that his father Antiochus the Great had codified within the Seleucid Empire.

He died suddenly of disease in 164 BC, fighting against the Parthians.
Antiochus IV
King Antiochus IV "God-Manifest" of the Seleucid Empire

Epithet: Epiphanes ("God-Manifest")

(1) Antiochus IV | Laodice IV 175-172 BC
AE unit Antioch
Obverse: veiled diademed bust of Laodice IV right
Reverse: head of elephant left; tripod right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY ?
Ref: SC 1407; cf. SNG Spaer 969