Coins from Taurica
Taurica - modern Crimea - is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.

The ancient Greeks were the first to name the region Taurica after the Tauri. As the Tauri inhabited only mountainous regions of southern Crimea, at first the name Taurica was used only to this southern part, but later it was extended to name the whole peninsula. Greek colonies along the north coast of the Black Sea in the 5th century BCE. Greek city-states began establishing colonies along the Black Sea coast of Crimea in the 7th or 6th century BC. Feodosiya and Panticapaeum were established by Milesians. In the 5th century BC, Dorians from Heraclea Pontica founded the sea port of Chersonesos.

In the 2nd century BC, the eastern part of Taurica became part of the Bosporan Kingdom, before being incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC. During the AD 1st, 2nd and 3rd centuries, Taurica was host to Roman legions and colonists in Charax, Crimea. The Charax colony was founded under Vespasian with the intention of protecting Chersonesos and other Bosporean trade emporiums from the Scythians.


(1) Caligula | Aspurgus 37-38 AD
AE 12 Units Pantikapaion
Obverse: ΓAIOY KAIΣAΡOΣ ΓEΡMANIKOY, Bare head of Caligula facing right
Reverse: No inscription, Head of King Aspurgus facing right, wearing diadem; BAP monogram and IB in fields
Ref: RPC I 1904
(2) Pantikapaion 304-250 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left
Reverse: Strung bow and arrow; ΠAN
Ref: MacDonald 116; SNG BM Black Sea 901...
(3) Pantikapaion 300-200 BC
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left, wreathed with ivy and grapes strung
Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΠAN (eight-rayed star countermark from undertype)
Ref: SNG Pushkin 956 (same undertype w/c...
(4) Pantikapaion c. 450-438/7 BC
Obverse: lion head facing
Reverse: incuse square, swastika pattern with stellate designs in two opposite quarters
Ref: Frolova, frühe, Type VIII; Anokhin ...
Obverse: Head of Pan or of a satyr left
Reverse: Bow above arrow right
Ref: None provided
(6) Pantikapaion 310-304/3 BC
Obverse: Wreathed and beardless head of Pan left
Reverse: ΠAN / Head of lion left, sturgeon below
Ref: MacDonald 70
(7) Pantikapaion 310 - 303 BC
Obverse: Head of bearded Pan right
Reverse: Π-A-N, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below
Ref: MacDonald 69
(8) Pantikapaion 310-304/3 BC
Obverse: Bearded head of satyr Pan right
Reverse: Forepart of griffin left; below, sturgeon left.
Ref: Sear 1700; MacDonald 69; Anokhin 1...