Coins from Crete
Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and forms a significant part of the cultural heritage of Greece.

After the Bronze Age collapse, Crete was settled by new waves of Greeks from the mainland. A number of city states developed in the Archaic period. In the late 4th century BC, the aristocratic order began to collapse due to endemic infighting among the elite, and Crete's economy was weakened by prolongued wars between city states.

In 69 BC, Crete was conquered by the Roman Republic, mainly to prevent Ptolemaic expansion.


(1) Aptera (Crete) 250-67 BC
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: lyre; A_Π
Ref: Svoronos, Numismatique 42; SNG Cope...
(2) Caligula | Germanicus 37-41 AD
AE unit Cnossus
Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, Bare head of Caligula facing right
Reverse: GER CAESAR PVLCHRO III VARIO IIVIR, Bare head of Germanicus facing right
Ref: RPC I 994
(3) Gortyna 250-221BC
AE unit Gortyna
Obverse: Europa seated right in tree, lifting drapery; eagle standing to left.
Reverse: Europa seated right on bull running left, lifting her drapery; all within wreath
Ref: Jackson pl. 12, 2; Svoronos, Numism...