After the Bronze Age collapse, Crete was settled by new waves of Greeks from the mainland. A number of city states developed in the Archaic period. In the late 4th century BC, the aristocratic order began to collapse due to endemic infighting among the elite, and Crete's economy was weakened by prolongued wars between city states.
In 69 BC, Crete was conquered by the Roman Republic, mainly to prevent Ptolemaic expansion.
Reverse: lyre; A_Π
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
Reverse: GER CAESAR PVLCHRO III VARIO IIVIR, Bare head of Germanicus facing right
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 6.67 g
Reverse: Europa seated right on bull running left, lifting her drapery; all within wreath
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.8 g