Pantikapaion — A settlement in Taurica also known as Panticapaeum
Pantikapion was founded in the 7th century BC, by settlers from Miletus. It subdued nearby cities and by 480 BC became a capital of the Kingdom of Bosporus.

Later, during the rule of Mithradates VI Eupator, Panticapaeum for a short period of time became the capital of the much more powerful and extensive Kingdom of Pontus.

It was located at the intersection of trade routes between the steppe and Europe. This caused it to grow rapidly. The city's main exports were grain and salted fish, wine-making was also common.

In the 1st century AD Panticapaeum and the Kingdom of Bosporus suffered from Ostrogoth raids, then the city was devastated by the Huns in AD 375.

Modern location: Kerch
(1) Caligula | Aspurgus
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An AE 12 Units struck 37-38 AD in Pantikapaion
Obverse: ΓAIOY KAIΣAΡOΣ ΓEΡMANIKOY, Bare head of Caligula facing right

Reverse: No inscription, Head of King Aspurgus facing right, wearing diadem; BAP monogram and IB in fields

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 7.76 g
No notes for this coin
RPC I 1904
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An AE unit struck 304-250 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left

Reverse: Strung bow and arrow; ΠAN

Diameter: 15 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.11 g
No notes for this coin
MacDonald 116; SNG BM Black Sea 901-4
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An AE Obol struck 300-200 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Head of beardless Pan left, wreathed with ivy and grapes strung

Reverse: Bow and arrow; ΠAN (eight-rayed star countermark from undertype)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.73 g
overstruck
SNG Pushkin 956 (same undertype w/cm), SNG BM 868 (same), SNG Stancomb 560; undertype: SNG Pushkin 909 ff. (also w/star countermark)
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An AR Diobol struck c. 450-438/7 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: lion head facing

Reverse: incuse square, swastika pattern with stellate designs in two opposite quarters

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.7 g
No notes for this coin
Frolova, frühe, Type VIII; Anokhin 971; MacDonald 11/1 corr. (denomination); HGC 7, 34 corr. (same)
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An AE unit struck an unknown year in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Head of Pan or of a satyr left

Reverse: Bow above arrow right

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AE unit struck 310-304/3 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Wreathed and beardless head of Pan left

Reverse: ΠAN / Head of lion left, sturgeon below

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.25 g
No notes for this coin
MacDonald 70
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An AE unit struck 310 - 303 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Head of bearded Pan right

Reverse: Π-A-N, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 7.21 g
NGC Cert: 4282547-001 Ch AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 5/5
MacDonald 69
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An AE Tetrachalkon struck 310-304/3 BC in Pantikapaion
Obverse: Bearded head of satyr Pan right

Reverse: Forepart of griffin left; below, sturgeon left.

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 6.98 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 1700; MacDonald 69; Anokhin 111; SNG BM Black Sea 869-871.