Jerusalem - A settlement in Judea
Jerusalem is an ancient city in Judea. Archaeological evidence suggests that the first settlement was established between 4500–3500 BC.

When Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, Jerusalem and Judea fell under Greek control and Hellenistic influence. Under the Seleucids many Jews had become Hellenized and with their assistance tried to Hellenize Jerusalem, eventually culminating in a rebellion by the High Priest Matityahu ben Yoḥanan and his five sons, the Maccabees. As a result of the rebellion, Jerusalem became the capital of the independent Hasmonean Kingdom.

In 37 BC, Herod the Great captured Jerusalem after forty-day siege, ending Hasmonean rule. Herod ruled the Province of Judea as a client-king of the Romans and expanded the minting of coins to many denominations. What is today known as the "Old City" was laid out by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century, when he began to rebuild Jerusalem as a pagan city. He renamed it Aelia Capitolina.

Modern location: Jerusalem

(1) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(2) Alexander Jannaeus 95-76 BC
Obverse: star of eight rays surrounded by a diadem, between each ray a letter 'Yehonatan the King'
Reverse: Seleucid anchor; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1150
(3) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' off flan
Reverse: anchor in circle, BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1153
(4) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: star of eight rays in beaded border 'Yehonatan the King' around
Reverse: anchor in circle; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY
Ref: Hendin 1153
(5) Alexander Jannaeus 78-76 BC
Obverse: star of six rays, within circle of dots (off flan), barbaric blundered imitation of Aramaic legend around
Reverse: anchor within circle blundered barbaric imitation of Greek legend around
Ref: Hendin 1153
(6) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(7) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(8) Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yehonatan High Priest Council Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1145
(9) Herod I 28-4 BC
Obverse: anchor HPWΔ_BACIΛ
Reverse: 2 cornucopiae, caduceus between, dots above
Ref: Hendin 1188, Meshorer TJC 59
(10) John Hyrcanus II 67, 63-40 BC
Obverse: Hebrew inscription: "Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews" within wreath
Reverse: double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns
Ref: Hendin 1159
(11) Tiberius | Pontius Pilate 30-31 AD
Obverse: lituus; TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC
Reverse: wreath; LIH
Ref: Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC ...