Hormizd IV King of Kings of Iran of Sasanian Empire from 579 CE to 590 CE.
He was the son and successor of Khosrow I and his mother was a Khazar princess. During his reign, Hormizd IV had the high aristocracy and Zoroastrian priesthood slaughtered, whilst supporting the landed gentry (the dehqan). His reign was marked by constant warfare: to the west, he fought a long and indecisive war with the Byzantine Empire, which had been ongoing since the reign of his father; and to the east, the Iranian general Bahram Chobin successfully contained and defeated the Western Turkic Khaganate during the First Perso-Turkic War. Jealous of Bahram's success, Hormizd IV had him disgraced and dismissed, which led to a rebellion led by Bahram, which marked the start of the Sasanian civil war of 589-591.
Hormizd IV
An AR Drachm struck 579-590 AD in Rayy
Obverse: Crowned Bust of Hormizd IV to right

Reverse: Zoroastrian fire altar with two attendants

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
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