Herod I - Basileus of Kingdom of Judea from 37 BC to 4 BC
Herod I - often referred to as Herod the Great - was a Roman client king of Judea who ruled from 37–4 BC.

Herod's support from the Roman Empire was a major factor in enabling him to maintain his authority over Judea. There have been mixed interpretations concerning Herod's popularity during his reign. In The Jewish War, Josephus characterizes Herod's rule in generally favorable terms, and gives Herod the benefit of the doubt for the infamous events that took place during his reign. However, in his later work, Jewish Antiquities, Josephus emphasizes the tyrannical authority that many scholars have come to associate with Herod's reign.

Herod spent lavish sums on his various building projects and generous gifts to other dominions, including Rome itself. His buildings were very large, ambitious projects. Herod was responsible for the construction of the Temple Mount, a portion of which remains today as the Western Wall. In addition, Herod also used the latest technology in hydraulic cement and underwater construction to build the harbor at Caesarea Maritima.

Herod died in Jericho, after an excruciatingly painful, putrefying illness of uncertain cause, known to posterity as "Herod's Evil".
Herod I
King Herod I of Kingdom of Judea

(1) Herod I 28-4 BC
Obverse: anchor HPWΔ_BACIΛ
Reverse: 2 cornucopiae, caduceus between, dots above
Ref: Hendin 1188, Meshorer TJC 59