Coins from Lucania
Lucania was an ancient area of Southern Italy. It was the land of the Lucani, an Oscan people. It extended from the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Gulf of Taranto. It bordered with Samnium and Campania in the north, Apulia in the east, and Bruttium in the south-west.

The precise limits were the river Silarus in the north-west, which separated it from Campania, and the Bradanus, which flows into the Gulf of Taranto, in the east. The lower tract of the river Laus, which flows from a ridge of the Apennine Mountains to the Tyrrhenian Sea in an east-west direction, marked part of the border with Bruttium.

Almost the whole area is occupied by the Apennine Mountains, which here are an irregular group of lofty masses. The towns on the east coast were Metapontum, Heraclea, and Sins. To the south stood Sybaris. On the west coast stood Posidonia, Elea, Pyxus, and Laüs.


(1) Metapontion 540-510BC
Obverse: MET or META, Ear of Barley
Reverse: Incuse of obverse
Ref: cf. SNG ANS 209-259
(2) Metapontion 400-340 BCE
Obverse: Head of Demeter right, hair bound with wreath of barley ears
Reverse: META (Barley ear)
Ref: None provided
(3) Metapontion c. 330-290 BC
Obverse: head of Demeter right wearing grain ears, triple pendant earring and necklace
Reverse: ear of barley with leaf to right; plough right; META / MAX
Ref: Johnston Class C1:4; HN Italy 1581
(4) Metapontum 510-470 BC
Obverse: Barley ear
Reverse: Same type incuse
Ref: None provided
(5) Thourioi c. 400-350 BC
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla; E
Reverse: bull butting right; fish swimming right below; ΘOYPIΩN
Ref: HN Italy 1783; cf. SNG ANS 1015
(6) Thourioi c. 400-300 BC
AR Double Nomos | Distater Thourioi
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla
Reverse: bull butting right; 2 fish right in exergue ΘOYPIΩN / EYΦA
Ref: SNG COP. 1430
(7) Velia 334-300 BC
Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing a crested Phrygian helmet decorated with a Centaur
Reverse: (KE) monogram of Kleudoros Lion standing left devouring prey A / Φ YEΛHTΩN (unreadable)
Ref: Williams 328 (O174/R244); HN Italy ...