Salamis (Attica) - A settlement in Central Greece
Salamis is the largest Greek island in the Saronic Gulf, about 2 km off-coast from Piraeus and about 16 kilometres west of Athens.

Salamis was probably first colonised by Aegina and later occupied by Megara, but became an Athenian possession in the time of Solon or Peisistratos, following the war between Athens and Megara around 600 BC.

According to Strabo, the ancient capital was at the south of the island; in classical times it was to the east, on the Kamatero Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Salamis; in modern times it is on the west.

Salamis island is known for the Battle of Salamis, the decisive naval victory of the allied Greek fleet, led by Themistocles, over the Persian Empire in 480 BC.

Modern location: Salamis, Attica

(1) Salamis (Attica) 350-318 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Salamis wearing stephane right
Reverse: shield of Ajax and sword in sheath laying over; ΣA_ΛA
Ref: Kroll 640; SNG Copenhagen 455.