Obverse: Diademed head of Venus right
Reverse: Aeneas advancing left, carrying palladium in right hand and Anchises on left shoulder; CAESAR to right
This issue was probably struck in Africa during Caesar’s campaign against Metellus Pius Scipio and Labienus. The types are purely propagandistic in nature; the obverse depicts Venus, from whom Caesar claimed descent via Iulus, son on the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, who was himself the son of Anchises and Venus. The reverse depicts Aeneas’ flight from the doomed city of Troy, with his elderly father Anchises upon his shoulder. As seen in the first books of the Aeneid, Aeneas is one of the few Trojans who were not killed in battle or enslaved when Troy fell. The city having been sacked by the Greeks, Aeneas, after being commanded by the gods to flee, gathered a group, collectively known as the Aeneads, who then travelled to Italy and became progenitors of the Roman people.
Crawford 458/1; RSC 12; Sear 1402