Antiochos I - Basileus of Βασίλειον τῆς Kομμαγηνῆς from 70 BC to 38 BC
Antiochos I was the most famous king of Commagene. He was the son and probably the only child of King Mithridates I Callinicus and Queen Laodice VII Thea of Commagene. Antiochus was half Armenian, a distant member of the Orontid Dynasty and half Greek.

While the Roman Republic was annexing territories in Anatolia, Antiochos, through skilled diplomacy, was able to keep Commagene independent from the Romans. He is first mentioned in the ancient sources in 69 BC, when Lucullus campaigned against the Armenian King Tigranes the Great. Antiochos made peace with the general Pompey in 64 BC, when Pompey successfully invaded Syria. Antiochos and Pompey then became allies.

In 38 BC, a legate of Triumvir Mark Antony, Publius Ventidius Bassus, after campaigning against the Parthians, wanted to attack Antiochus and his kingdom. Antony and Bassus were attracted by Commagene's wealth. Yet as they were preparing to march against Commagene and its capital Samosata, Antiochos negotiated a peaceful settlement with them.
Antiochos I
King Antiochos I "the just, eminent god, friend of Romans and friend of Greeks" of Kingdom of Commagene

Epithet: Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philorhomaios Philhellen ("the just, eminent god, friend of Romans and friend of Greeks")

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