Coins from Assyria
Assyria was one of three provinces (with Armenia and Mesopotamia) created by the Roman emperor Trajan in 116 AD following a successful military campaign against Parthia.

Despite Rome's military victory, Trajan's province was plagued with difficulties from the start. In 116, a Parthian prince named Santruces organized an armed revolt by the native Assyrians in the new Roman province.

When Trajan died in 117, his successor Hadrian believed that the empire was overextended and evacuated Trajan's three provinces in 118.

Assyria