Coin 2368 - an AR Denarius of Marsic Confederation struck 89 BC in Bovianum
Obverse: Laureate head of Italia left; VITELIV ( = ITALIA) retrograde in Oscan script behind.
Reverse: Soldier standing facing, head right, left foot on lorica, holding inverted spear in right hand and sword in left; to right, recumbent bull facing, head right; I in exergue.
Coin Summary
This coin is an AR Denarius struck 89 BC in Bovianum

It weighs 3.75 grammes and measures 21 millimeters in diameter. The die axis is unknown.

It is classified as Roman Republican (Other Republican) and belongs to Quadricore

"The Marsic Confederation was an alliance of cities opposed to Rome during the Social War (from socii ("allies"), thus in Latin: Bellum Sociale; also called the Italian War, the War of the Allies or the Marsic War) of 91-88 BC. The conflict developed out of dissatisfaction amongst the allied Italian peoples, who served in the Roman armies but did not enjoy equal compensation in terms of political rights and compensation in booty and land. The war was begun by the Picentes. The Confederation included Marsi, Peligni, Piceni, Vestini, Samnium, Frentani, Marrucini, and Lucani. The group intended to form an independent nation called Italia with its capital at Corfinium (modern day Abruzzo). Their coinage, modeled on the Roman denarius system, prominently depicted a female personification of Italia and oath-taking scenes reflecting the origins on the anti-Roman alliance, and other types picturing anti roman propaganda. While the alliance was defeated on the battlefield, Rome eventually ended up enfranchising all of Italy, effectively acceding to the alliance's demands."

Provenance: Roma Numismatics Auction XVI (26 September 2018), lot 537. Ex Bolaffi Spa, Auction 29 (30 November 2016), lot 80.
Campana group 9b, 141 (D97/R118).