Coins from Euboea
Euboea is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after Crete. Like most of the Greek islands, Euboea was originally known under other names in Antiquity, such as Macris (Μάκρις) and Doliche (Δολίχη) from its elongated shape, or Ellopia, Aonia and Abantis from the tribes inhabiting it.

In the Middle Ages, the island was often referred to by Byzantine authors by the name of its capital, Chalcis (Χαλκίς) or Euripos (Εὔριπος, the name of the strait that separates the island from the Greek mainland), although the ancient name Euboea remained in use by classicizing authors until the 15th century.


(1) Chalkis 338-308 BC
Obverse: head of nymph Chalkis right
Reverse: eagle holding snake; ΛAX
Ref: Picard Em. 8: BCD Euboia 138-9
(2) Histiaia c. 267-146 BC
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaia right with wine-wreath
Reverse: Nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, holding stylis; ornate apluster; IΣTI_AIEΩN, trident below
Ref: BMC Central p. 129, 52; SGCV I 2498...