Coins from Babylonia
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). It was often involved in rivalry with the older state of Assyria to the north and Elam to the east in Ancient Iran.

Because the city of Babylon was the capital of this area for so many centuries, the term Babylonia has come to refer to the entire culture that developed in the area from the time it was first settled, about 4000 BCE. Before Babylon’s rise to political prominence (c. 1850 BCE), however, the area was divided into two countries: Sumer in the southeast and Akkad in the northwest.
Babylonia
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An AR Dirham struck 780 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة جى سنة اثنين و ستين و مئة Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم الخليفة المهدى يحيى

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 3 g
No notes for this coin
A.215.1
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An AR Dirham struck 772 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة خمس و خمسين و مئة Central: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له ¨

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ بخ

Diameter: 25.4 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.83 g
Translation of obverse:

Margin: "In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in Madinat al-Salam in the year five and fifty and one hundred (155)"

Center: There is no diety except |
(the one) God alone |
He has no equal

Translation of reverse:

Margin: Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it.

Center: Muhammad
The Messanger
Of God
(Bakh Bakh)
Album 213.1.
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An AR Dirham struck 765-766 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة ثمان و أربعين و مئة Center: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 2.85 g

Year 148 AH=765-766 AD

Translations:

Obverse margin: "In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in Madinat-al-Salam in the year eight and forty and one hundred"

Obverse center: "There is no deity except (the one) God, he has no equal"

Reverse margin: "Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it."

Reverse center: "Muhammad The Messenger Of God (Bakh)"

Album 213.1; Lavoix 660
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An AR Dirham struck 714-715 AD in Wasit
Obverse: Margin:بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بواسط سنة ست و تسعين Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: الله احد الله الصمد لم يلد و لم يولد و لم يكن له كفؤا أحد

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.76 g
96 AH=714-715 AD

Translations:

Obverse Margin: "In the name of God. This Dirham was struck in Wasit in the year ninety six"
Center: "There is no deity except | (the one) God alone |He has no equal"

Reverse Margin: "Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it."
Center: "God is One God | The eternal and indivisible, who has not begotten, and | has not been begotten and never is there | His equal"
Album 128; Lavoix 354
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 324-323 BC in Babylon
Obverse: head of young Herakles right wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; kerykeion in left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY (HΦΛ) / M

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
under Stamenes or Archon After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as satrap of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when Archon of Pella replaced him. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds."
Price 3627
(6) Alexander III | Antigones I
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 315-311 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter monogram in wreath: (HYP); monogram under throne: (XA) AΛEΞANΔPOY / BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.1 g
Antigonos I Monophtalamos in the name of Alexander III, struck by Peithon
Price 3723
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed bust right

Reverse: Apollo seated left, on omphalos, holding arrow and resting on bow

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 6886
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Antiochus I Soter facing right wearing diadem

Reverse: Apollo seated left on omphalus, bow in left hand, arrow in right, Greek text left (ANTIOXOY) and right (BAΣIΛEΩΣ), monograms left and right

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.97 g
Coin is encapsulated in holder. Scratch on upper right of reverse is on the holder, not the coin.
SC 379.3a; HGC 9; ESM 149; Houghton 950; SNG Spaer 289
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 261-256 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochus I right

Reverse: Apollo seated on omphalos left, holding arrow and bow; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANT_IOXOY, (HYP)_(ΠΩA)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber I 587.1c, SNG Spaer 385-6, Newell ESM 180
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An AR Dirham struck 798 AD in Madinat-al-Salam
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة اثنتين و ثمنين و مئة Center: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له

Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله مما امر به الامير الامين محمد بن امير المؤمنين جعفر

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 2.96 g
No notes for this coin
L. 833 Lowick
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 323-317 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles facing right, wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress

Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and scepter, wheel to left, monogram below throne, Greek text to right (ΦΙΛΙΠΠOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.15 g
Text below throne is mostly off of the flan
Price P200
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An AE unit struck 296-280 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Horned and bridled head of horse right

Reverse: Anchor, BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ΣEΛEYKOY, monogram

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SC 146; ESM 46; SNG Spaer 135.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 311-300 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in wreath in left field, HP monogram below throne.

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
Struck in the name of Alexander III of Macedon, circa 311-300 BC
SC 82.5a; Price 3746.