Coins from Babylonia
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). It was often involved in rivalry with the older state of Assyria to the north and Elam to the east in Ancient Iran.

Because the city of Babylon was the capital of this area for so many centuries, the term Babylonia has come to refer to the entire culture that developed in the area from the time it was first settled, about 4000 BCE. Before Babylon’s rise to political prominence (c. 1850 BCE), however, the area was divided into two countries: Sumer in the southeast and Akkad in the northwest.

Babylonia

(1) al-Mahdi 780 AD
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة جى سنة اثنين و ستين و مئة Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له
Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم الخليفة المهدى يحيى
Ref: A.215.1
(2) al-Mansur 772 AD
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة خمس و خمسين و مئة Central: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له ¨
Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ بخ
Ref: Album 213.1.
(3) al-Mansur 765-766 AD
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة ثمان و أربعين و مئة Center: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له
Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله بخ
Ref: Album 213.1; Lavoix 660
(4) al-Walid I 714-715 AD
Obverse: Margin:بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بواسط سنة ست و تسعين Center: لا الاه الا الله وحده لا شريك له
Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: الله احد الله الصمد لم يلد و لم يولد و لم يكن له كفؤا أحد
Ref: Album 128; Lavoix 354
(5) Alexander III | Antigones I 315-311 BC
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter monogram in wreath: (HYP); monogram under throne: (XA) AΛEΞANΔPOY / BAΣIΛEΩΣ
Ref: Price 3723
(6) Antiochus I c. 281-261 BC
Obverse: Antiochus I Soter with diadem
Reverse: Apollo seated left on omphalus, bow in left hand, arrow in right; Greek text left (ANTIOXOY) and right (BAΣIΛEΩΣ); monograms left and right
Ref: HGC 9, 128g; SC 379.3a
(7) Antiochus II 261-256 BC
Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochus I right
Reverse: Apollo seated on omphalos left, holding arrow and bow; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANT_IOXOY, (HYP)_(ΠΩA)
Ref: Houghton-Lorber I 587.1c, SNG Spaer...
(8) Harun al-Rashid 798 AD
Obverse: Margin: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة السلام سنة اثنتين و ثمنين و مئة Center: لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له
Reverse: Margin: محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدى و دين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون Center: محمد رسول الله مما امر به الامير الامين محمد بن امير المؤمنين جعفر
Ref: L. 833 Lowick
(9) Philip III c. 323-317 BC
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress
Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and scepter; wheel to left; monogram below throne; Greek text to right (ΦΙΛΙΠΠOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)
Ref: Price P200
(10) Seleukos I 296-280 BC
Obverse: Horned and bridled head of horse right
Reverse: Anchor, BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ΣEΛEYKOY, monogram
Ref: SC 146; ESM 46; SNG Spaer 135.
(11) Seleukos I 311-300 BC
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in wreath in left field, HP monogram below throne.
Ref: SC 82.5a; Price 3746.