Venice - A settlement in Gallia Cisalpina also known as Venezia
Venice is a city in northeastern Italy. The original population of Venice probably consisted of refugees from Roman cities near Venice such as Padua, Aquileia, Treviso, Altino, and Concordia and from the undefended countryside, who were fleeing successive waves of Germanic and Hun invasions.

The traditional first doge of Venice, Paolo Lucio Anafesto (Anafestus Paulicius), was elected in 697, as written in the oldest chronicle by John, deacon of Venice in ca. 1008. Charlemagne sought to subdue the city to his own rule. He ordered the Pope to expel the Venetians from the Pentapolis along the Adriatic coast, and Charlemagne's own son Pepin of Italy, king of the Lombards under the authority of his father, embarked on a siege of Venice itself. This, however, proved a costly failure. The siege lasted six months, with Pepin's army ravaged by the diseases of the local swamps and eventually forced to withdraw in 810

From the 9th to the 12th century, Venice developed into a city state (an Italian thalassocracy or Repubblica Marinara: the other three of these were Genoa, Pisa, and Amalfi). Its strategic position at the head of the Adriatic made Venetian naval and commercial power almost invulnerable. With the elimination of pirates along the Dalmatian coast, the city became a flourishing trade center between Western Europe and the rest of the world with a naval power protecting sea routes from piracy.

Modern location: Venice, Italy

(1) Pietro Loredano 1567-1570
BL 4 Carzie Venice
Obverse: + PETRVS • LΛVREDΛ • DVX •, cross pattee with pellet in each quarter.
Reverse: + SΛNCTVS • MΛRCVS • VENET, lion rampant left.
Ref: Papadopoli 33; Paolucci 15.