Pergamon - A settlement in Mysia also known as Pergamum - Pergamos
Pergamon was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Mysia. It is located 26 kilometres (16 mi) from the modern coastline of the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus.

It did not become important until Lysimachus, King of Thrace, took possession in 301 BC, but soon after his lieutenant Philetaerus enlarged the town, the kingdom of Thrace collapsed and it became the capital of the new kingdom of Pergamon which Philetaerus founded in 281 BC.

As a consequence of its rise to power, the city expanded greatly. Until 188 BC, it had not grown significantly since its founding by Philetaerus, and covered c. 21 hectares (52 acres). After this year, a massive new city wall was constructed, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) long and enclosing an area of approximately 90 hectares (220 acres).

When Attalus III (138–133 BC) died without an heir in 133 BC, he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome in order to prevent a civil war. It reached the height of its greatness under Roman Imperial rule and was home to about 200,000 inhabitants.

Modern location: Ruins

(1) Anonymous c. 300-294 BC
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: Head of young Herakles right wearing lion's head.
Reverse: ΠEΡ, head of Athena right in crested helmet.
Ref: S 3958, BMC Mysia p. 112, 22
(2) Gaius Caesar | Lucius Caesar ca. 1 AD
AE Half-Unit Pergamum
Obverse: ΓΑΙΟΝ ΚΕΦΑΛΙΩΝ, Bare head of Gaius facing right
Reverse: ΛΕVΚΙΩΝ, Bare head of Lucius facing right
Ref: RPC I 2363
(3) Germanicus | Drusus II 14-19 AD
AE Half Unit Pergamon
Obverse: ΓEPMANIKOΣ KAIΣAP, Bare head of Germanicus facing right
Reverse: ΔPOVΣOΣ KAIΣAP, Bare head of Drusus facing right
Ref: RPC I 2367
(4) Pergamon c. 133-16 BC
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: head of Asclepius right
Reverse: a serpent-entwined staff; ΑΣΚΛΗΠΙΟΥ / ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
Ref: Sear #3971
(5) Pergamon c. 40-60 AD
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: incuse reverse
Reverse: draped turreted bust of Roma right; ΘEAN PΩ_MHN, crescent
Ref: Lindgren III 277; SNGCop 446; BMC 2...
(6) Pergamon c. 200-100 BC
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet
Reverse: trophy; AΘHNAΣ / NIKHΦOPOY, ΠEPΓ ?
Ref: Sear 3960; SNGCop 393ff, SNGvA 1374
(7) Pergamon 200-133 BC
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right
Reverse: owl standing facing on palm branch, wings open; AΘH_NAΣ / NIKHΦOPOY, monogram ? _ monogram ?
Ref: SGCV II 3962, SNG Cop 384 ff
(8) Pergamon 76-67 BC
Obverse: snake emerging from cista mystica, all in ivy wreath
Reverse: coiled snakes, flanking ornamented bow-case, thyrsos right; MOΣ / (ΠYP) / (ΠEP)
Ref: Kleiner, Hoard 44; Pinder 124 var. ...
(9) Pergamon c. 280 - 230 BC
AE unit Pergamon
Obverse: Athena left
Reverse: Two bulls
Ref: SNG Cop 327-328; Weber 5162