Midaion - A settlement in Phrygia also known as Midaeum
The earliest traces of human settlement discovered near Yazılıkaya originate from the early Bronze Age. However, there is no evidence of the continuity of the settlement, and the most important monuments of Yazılıkaya are dated to the period from the 8th to the 6th century BC. At that time Yazilikaya was the second most important place of the development of Phrygian civilization, besides their capital city - Gordion. It was guarded by four fortresses standing on the nearby hills - Akpara, Pişmiş, Gökgöz, and Kocabaş. Their ruins are still visible.

It remains unknown when the Phrygians left the area of Yazılıkaya. Structures and inscriptions found nearby indicate to an occupation of these areas in the later periods of history - in Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times.

Modern location: Yazilikaya

(1) Caracalla 211-217 AD
AE unit Midaion
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; ANTΩNEINOC__AVΓOVCTOC
Reverse: Athena standing left wearing helmet, holding patera and scepter; MIΔA_EΩN
Ref: Von Aulock, Phrygien II, S. 105, Nr...