Messana - A settlement in Sicily also known as Zancle
Messana was founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC, and was originally called Zancle, from the Greek ζάγκλον meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbour.

In 288 BC the Mamertines seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to a conflict with the expanding regional empire of Syracuse.

In 264 BC, the Mamertines petitioned the Roman Republic for an alliance, hoping for more reliable protection. At the end of the First Punic War it was a free city allied with Rome.

Modern location: Messina, Sicily

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