Kubha - A settlement in Gandhara also known as Kabul - Mint IX
Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country. The city is said to be over 3,500 years old, mentioned since at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire. It is at a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia, and a key location of the ancient Silk Road.

The Kabul valley was part of the Median Empire. In 549 BC, the Median Empire was annexed by Cyrus The Great and Kabul became part the Achaemenid Empire. During that period, Kabul became a center of learning for Zoroastrianism, followed by Buddhism and Hinduism. When Alexander annexed the Achaemenid Empire, the Kabul region came under his control. After his death, his empire was seized by his general Seleucus, becoming part of the Seleucid Empire.

< The Greco-Bactrians took control of Kabul from the Mauryans in the early 2nd century BC, then lost the city to their subordinates in the Indo-Greek Kingdom around the mid-2nd century BC. Buddhism was greatly patronized by the rulers and majority of people of the city were adherents of the religion. Indo-Scythians expelled the Indo-Greeks by the mid 1st century BC, but lost the city to the Kushan Empire about 100 years later. Around 230 AD, the Kushans were defeated by the Sassanid Empire and replaced by Sassanid vassals known as the Indo-Sassanids. During the Sassanian period, the city was referred to as "Kapul" in Pahlavi scripts.

Modern location: Kabul, Afghanistan

(1) Shapur II 309-379 CE
Obverse: Pahlavi legend (Crowned bust right)
Reverse: Fire altar flanked by attendants, bust right in flames
Ref: SNS III Type Ib1/3a; Göbl Type Ia/6...
(2) Shapur II 309-379 AD
Obverse: Crowned bust right of Shapur II
Reverse: Fire altar with two attendants; bust right within flames
Ref: Göbl 102