The Tetradrachm denomination
A tetradrachm is an ancient greek coin denomination worth four drachms - 24 obols - and weighing around 17.5 grammes Attic standard or 15.6 grammes Rhodian standard.

Tetradrachms on the Attic standard became the de-facto standard for trade and for large payments, and the denomination was used well into Roman times.

The most famous tetradrachm is the Athenian 'Owl'. In Roman times, provincial tetradrachms were usually struck in debased silver or billon.
Tetradrachm
(1) Alabanda | Alexander III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 169-168 BC in Alabanda
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle, Pegasos left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, E

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.6 g
No notes for this coin
Price 2464
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 148-147 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on prow left, with palm branch over shoulder; to left, club surmounted by (TYP) monogram; to right, EΞP (date) above (ΓHP) monogram; AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SC 1835.4c; HGC 9, 883; DCA 122; Newell (1936) 70.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323 BC in Arados
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles facing right, wearing lionskin headdress tied at neck

Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne, facing left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left, legs uncrossed; AP monogram in left field

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 16.26 g
Macedonian Kingdom

The reverse inscription translates to: "of Alexander"

Price attributes this to the mint at Byblos and a time frame of 330-320 BC

Every CNG auction of this coin that I have found going back 10 years attributes the mint to Arados and the time frame to 325-323 BC making it a de facto lifetime issue, and says these were minted under authority of Menes who was Alexander's General and bodyguard. I assume this new info is attributed to a paper by Catharine Lorber but am not sure.
Price 3424 (Byblos)
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 336-323 BC in Salamis (Cyprus)
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter, bow to left

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
No notes for this coin
Price 3139
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 324-323 BC in Babylon
Obverse: head of young Herakles right wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; kerykeion in left field; AΛEΞANΔPOY (HΦΛ) / M

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
under Stamenes or Archon After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as satrap of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when Archon of Pella replaced him. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds."
Price 3627
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 330-323 in Damascus
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, forepart of ram right; below throne, pellet between struts, ΔA below.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.08 g
Lifetime issue struck under Menon or Menes, circa 330-323 BC. Die shift and graffito on reverse.
Price 3203
(7) Alexander III | Antigones I
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 315-311 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter monogram in wreath: (HYP); monogram under throne: (XA) AΛEΞANΔPOY / BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.1 g
Antigonos I Monophtalamos in the name of Alexander III, struck by Peithon
Price 3723
(8) Alexander III | Antipater
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 325-323/322 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; cock left AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.3 g
struck under Antipater
Price 79; Troxell, Studies, Issue E3
(9) Alexander III | Balakros
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 327-323 BC in Tarsos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, plow left; AΛEΞANΔPOY, · / Θ

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 16.9 g

struck under Balakros

Price 3019; vgl. SNG Oxford 2891; SNG München 10/11, 697
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 317-314 BC in Pella
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter boeotian shield left; snake under the throne, AΛEΞANΔPOY

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 17.19 g

struck by Kassander in the name of Alexander III ex CNG

Price 249; SNG Copenhagen 728. Muller 754
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed bust right

Reverse: Apollo seated left, on omphalos, holding arrow and resting on bow

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 6886
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 281-261 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Antiochus I Soter facing right wearing diadem

Reverse: Apollo seated left on omphalus, bow in left hand, arrow in right, Greek text left (ANTIOXOY) and right (BAΣIΛEΩΣ), monograms left and right

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.97 g
Coin is encapsulated in holder. Scratch on upper right of reverse is on the holder, not the coin.
SC 379.3a; HGC 9; ESM 149; Houghton 950; SNG Spaer 289
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 261-256 BC in Seleucia on Tigris
Obverse: Diademed head of Antiochus I right

Reverse: Apollo seated on omphalos left, holding arrow and bow; BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANT_IOXOY, (HYP)_(ΠΩA)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber I 587.1c, SNG Spaer 385-6, Newell ESM 180
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 222–187 BC in Antioch ad Orontem
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Apollo Delphios, testing arrow in right hand, resting left hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; monograms to outer left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.51 g
No notes for this coin
SC 1042.1; Le Rider, Antioche, Series 1
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 202-187 BC in "ΔI Mint" in southern or eastern Syria
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Apollo seated left on omphalos, testing arrow and resting hand upon shield; ΔI in exergue.

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.88 g
No notes for this coin
SC 1112; HGC 9, 447y
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 261-246 BC in Susa
Obverse: head of young Herakles wearing lion's skin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; ΣEΛEYKOY // (TAYP) // (ΔYP) / BAΣIΛEΩΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
in the name of Seleukos I
SC 603.3c; HGC 9, 235
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 164-162 BC in Antioch
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding Nike and leaning on scepter BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ANTIOXOY, (ΠI) / EYΠATOPOΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.7 g
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber II 1575(2), Newell SMA 75, SNG Spaer 1246, LHGC 9, 752
(18) Arados
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 121/120 BC in Arados
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of city-goddess to right.

Reverse: APAΔIΩN Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond; to left, ΘΛP above phoenician letter w above ΘC; all within wreath.

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
HGC 10, 72
(19) Arados
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 61-0 BC in Arados
Obverse: Turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right

Reverse: Nike standing left, holding aplustre in right hand, palm in left; date and letters in field; all within laurel wreath

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.24 g
No notes for this coin
BMC Phoenicia pg. 34, 286-7 var. (Phoenician letter)
(20) Athens
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 431-393 BC in Athens
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll

Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.21 g
No notes for this coin
(Type C), Sear 2526
(21) Athens
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 460-404 BC in Athens
Obverse: Helmeted head of Athena right

Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.12 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
(22) Athens
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 286-267 BC in Athens
Obverse: Head of Athena right with eye in profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll

Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl standing right, head facing, to the left an olive sprig and crescent

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.63 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop. 64.
(23) Athens
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 454-404 BC in Athens
Obverse: Head of Athena right, in crested Attic helmet ornamented with three olive leaves above visor and spiral palmette on bowl, wearing round earring with central boss

Reverse: Owl standing to right with head facing, olive sprig and crescent behind, ΑΘΕ before; all within incuse square

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 17.24 g
No notes for this coin
Kroll 8; Dewing 1591-8; SNG Copenhagen 31
(24) Athens
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 431-393 BC in Athens
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll

Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
(Type C), Sear 2526
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 431-393 BC in Athens
Obverse: head of Athena right - almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll

Reverse: owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent left; AΘE - Phoenician contermark bēth yōdh

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.5 g
Most likely three cuts over the owl are not test cuts but intentional destruction of a symbol of unpopular Athens by Phoenicians.
(Type C), Sear 2526
(26) Byzantion | Lysimachos
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 125-75 BC in Byzantion | Chalcedon
Obverse: Head of the deified Alexander with Ammon's horns right

Reverse: Athena Nikephoros seated left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΛYΣIMAXOY, monogram (ΠΩΛYB) to left; BY below throne, trident in exergue

Diameter: 35 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.87 g
No notes for this coin
Marinescu 508 (O. 211 R. 483) issue 149; Dewing 1361, Müller 204; Gorny & Mosch: Auction 160 lot 1182, Künker Auction 174 lot 174
(27) Chalcedon | Lysimachos
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 250-100 BC in Chalcedon | Byzantion
Obverse: Head of the deified Alexander with diadem and Ammon's horns right

Reverse: Athena enthroned left, holding Nike with wreath, transverse spear, resting hand on shield; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΛYΣIMAXOY // AΣ / KAΛXA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.1 g
Dies for Chalcedon and Byzantion tetradrachms were made by the same engravers and probably also struck in the same workshop.
Marinescu 115 (O. 44 R. 104) issue 50
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 39-38 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I to right, wearing aegis around his neck

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ Eagle, with closed wings, holding palm branch over right shoulder and standing left on thunderbolt; in fields, LIΔ - ΠA; to left, crown of Isis

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.39 g
Cleopatra VII Thea Neotera, Year 14 = 39/38 BC.
SNG Copenhagen 408. Svoronos 1828
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 301-294 BC in Tyre
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress

Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and a scepter; monograms to left and below throne; Greek text to right (AΛEΞANΔPOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 17.3 g
Reverse is slightly double struck
Price 3551 corr.; Hersh, Tyrus 5, dies II/b-f; HGC 3, 1009b
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/1481_Demetrios_II_Tyre_tetradrachm(0).jpg
An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 143-142 BC in Tyre
Obverse: diademed and draped bust right

Reverse: Eagle standing left on prow left, with palm branch over shoulder; to left, club surmounted by (TYP) monogram; to right, OP (date) above (ΓHP) monogram; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ__ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
SC 1959.4c.
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 323-281 BC in Chalcedon
Obverse: Diademed head of deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAΧOY / Athena seated left, holding Nike and resting elbow on shield at side, spear leaning against far shoulder; ΔI in inner left field

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.83 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 305-281 BC in Magnesia ad Maeandrum
Obverse: Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon

Reverse: Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; race torch with fillets to outer left, monogram to inner left, ornament on throne.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.09 g
EF & Fine Style, with pleasing eye appeal; a choice example for this mint. References: Thompson 115; Müller 443a var. (monogram).
Thompson 115; Müller 443a var. (monogram).
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 168-149 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: bust of Artemis Tauropolos right, bow and quiver on shoulder, all on Macedonian shield

Reverse: club within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; (AP) / MAKEΔONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.6 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 158-149 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: Artemis wearing diadem, bow and quiver slung over left shoulder, depicted in the center of a Macedonian shield

Reverse: Club of Heracles at center, Greek text above (ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ) and below (ΠΡΩΤΗΣ) club along with three monograms surrounded by oak wreath, keraunos left

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.9 g
Coin is of the "First Meris" (first district) of Roman Macedon.
AMNG III/1 57.176; BMC 8.7; HGC 3, 1103
(35) Messana
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 450–446 BC in Messana
Obverse: Mule biga right, above Nike flying right to crown mules, laurel leaf & berry in exergue

Reverse: MESS—ANION (latter half retrograde) / Hare leaping right above sprig of three leaves

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.19 g
No notes for this coin
Caltabiano 356
(36) Mytilene | Alexander III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 188-170 BC in Mytilene
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle, lyre left; AΛEΞANΔPOY / monogram / Δ

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Price 1718
(37) Perge | Alexander III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 200-199 BC in Perge
Obverse: head of young Herakles right wearing lion's skin

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; AΛEΞANΔPOY / KB

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17 g
No notes for this coin
Price 2936
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 88/87-76/75 BC in Antioch
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding Nike in right crowning him with wreath, long scepter vertical in left BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΦIΛIΠΠOY // EΠIΦANOYΣ / ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOY, N

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16 g
No notes for this coin
Houghton-Lorber II 2463(2)i, Newell SMA 441, SNG Spaer 2803; HGC 9, 1319
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 93 - 83 BC in Antioch
Obverse: Diademed head right

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOY to right and left of Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 15.46 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 359 - 336 BC in Amphipolis
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: Youth on horseback right, holding palm frond

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 13.97 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 323-317 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Alexander III depicted as Heracles facing right, wearing the Nemean lion skin as a headdress

Reverse: Zeus seated on throne holding an eagle and scepter, wheel to left, monogram below throne, Greek text to right (ΦΙΛΙΠΠOY) and below throne (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ)

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 17.15 g
Text below throne is mostly off of the flan
Price P200
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 300-285 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: diademed head with Aegis right Δ (behind ear)

Reverse: eagle standing left on thunderbolt; ΠTOΛEMAIOY_ΒAΣIΛEΩΣ, P / (ΠAP)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.7 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 255; SNG Cop 70 - 71; Noeske 41 - 42 (284/3 B.C.); SNG Milan 8; Hazzard C1021; BMC Ptolemies p. 20, 59; Hosking -; Malter -,
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 305-283 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck, tiny Δ behind ear

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P above monogram to left

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 14.38 g
No notes for this coin
Svoronos 255; SNG Copenhagen 70
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 54-53 BC in Alexandria
Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis

Reverse: ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle with folded wings standing left on thunderbolt; in left field, date (L KH) above headdress of Isis; in right field, ΠA

Diameter: 25 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.51 g
No notes for this coin
No references provided for this coin
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 311-300 BC in Babylon
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in wreath in left field, HP monogram below throne.

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
Struck in the name of Alexander III of Macedon, circa 311-300 BC
SC 82.5a; Price 3746.
(46) Side
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 220-190 BC in Side
Obverse: helmeted head of Athena right; anchor - Seleucid countermark

Reverse: Niké walkig left with wreath, pomegranate left; KΛE_YX; graffiti: ΔIOΓENOY

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.7 g
No notes for this coin
SNG Cop 400; SNG von Aulock 4797; c.m.: Houghton and Lorber II, 63
(47) Skostokos
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An AR Tetradrachm struck Circa 285/4-273 in Ainos mint(?)
Obverse: Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon

Reverse: Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear in background; herm to inner left, ΘE monogram in exergue

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 16.79 g
While previous scholars viewed Skostokos as a dynast who took control of parts of Thrace following Lysimachos’ death, Fischer-Bossert’s die study demonstrates that Skostokos was most likely a local dynast of the environs around Ainos, who ruled under Lysimachos, and was permitted to strike Lysimachi beginning late in the king’s reign. Current scholarship suggests he ruled from circa 285/4-273/2 BC (see, e.g., E. Paunov, “Introduction to the Numismatics of Thrace” in J. Valeva, et al., A Companion to Ancient Thrace, p. 280, fig. 18.4). Skostokos apparently continued to strike Lysimachi in the chaotic period following the latter’s death, before Seleukid authority could be established in Thrace. Notes: Iridescent tone. VF. Very rare.
Fischer-Bossert, Lysimacheier A3–5 var. (Va3/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Thompson –; Müller –; HGC 3, 1470.
(48) Syracuse
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An AR Tetradrachm struck 485 - 466 BC in Syracuse
Obverse: Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses

Reverse: ΣYΡAKOΣION / head of Arethusa right, in pearl necklace & pearl diadem under which hair tucked up behind, four dolphins around

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Struck under the Deinomenid Tyranny, Gelon I / Hiero I, 485-466 BC
No references provided for this coin
(49) Temnos | Alexander III
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An AR Tetradrachm struck c. 188-170 BC in Temnos
Obverse: head of young Heracles in lionskin right

Reverse: Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle; oinochoe within vine tendril left; AΛEΞANΔPOY / (ΠA) E

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 16.2 g
No notes for this coin
Price 1676; Müller 956