The Pentassarion denomination
The pentassarion was a bronze denomination worth 5 asses - assarion in Greek.

It was commonly struck by Roman Provincial mints, and was not struck to a standard weight but rather to some local standard. It was simply a coin worth 5 of the local basic coin denomination.

The pentassarion was commonly marked with an E or epsilon on the revserse denoting '5'.
An AE Pentassarion struck 198-217 AD in Marcianopolis
Obverse: ANTΩNINOC AVΓOVCTOC IOVΛIA ΔOMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right, seen from front and draped bust of Julia Domna left, vis-à-vis .

Reverse: VΠA KVNTIΛIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ-N, Tyche Soteiros (Fortuna Redux) standing left, holding rudder in outstretched right hand and cornucopiae in left; E in upper left field.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Caracalla, with Julia Domna. Æ Pentassaria . Quintilianus, magistrate.
AMNG I 678 var. (VP); cf. Mouchmov 496; SNG Copenhagen 220 var.; Varbanov 820.
An AE Pentassarion struck 218-222 AD in Marcianopolis
Obverse: Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, and Julia Maesa left, draped

Reverse: Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; E (mark of value) to right.

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 12.05 g
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. Elagabalus, with Julia Soaemias. AD 218-222. Æ Pentassarion (26mm, 12,05 g). Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatus consularis.
No references provided for this coin
An AE Pentassarion struck 253-268 AD in Side
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind, eagle below; AYT KAI ΠOYΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE / IA {E}

Reverse: Apollo Sidetes facing, head left, holding phiale and scepter; CIΔHTΩN__NEΩKOPΩN

Diameter: 29 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 18.5 g
No notes for this coin
SNG France 924; SNG von Aulock 4844
An AE Pentassarion struck 238-244 AD in Odessos
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind confronting draped bust of Serapis with cornucopia wearing kalathos left; AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC / AVΓ

Reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm; O_ΔHC_CEITΩN / E

Diameter: 28 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 14.7 g
No notes for this coin
Varbanov 4522, (die match CNG e390/304)
An AE Pentassarion struck 238-244 AD in Odessos
Obverse: AVT K M ANT ΓOPDIANOC AVΓ CE TPANKVΛ-ΛEINA: Confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane

Reverse: OΔHCCЄITΩN: Nemesis standing left, holding wand over wheel, and sceptre.

Diameter: 26 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 13.54 g
No notes for this coin
AMNG I, 2394; SNG Copenhagen 687; Varbanov 4583-6
An AE Pentassarion struck 217-218 AD in Marcianopolis
Obverse: AV K OΠEΛ CEVH MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC / Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right facing bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Diadumenian left

Reverse: VΠ ΠONTIAN-O-V MAPKIANOΠOΛEI / TΩ-N / Demeter standing right, holding 2 corn-ears in left hand and a sceptre in right. E in upper right field

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.9 g
No notes for this coin
AMNG I/1, 725 (1 ex. in München), Varbanov (engl.) 1262
An AE Pentassarion struck AD 247-249 in Marcianopolis
Obverse: M IOVΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAP, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip right, facing draped bust of Serapis left, wearing kalathos

Reverse: MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, bearded serpent coiled left; E (mark of value) to right

Diameter: 27 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 12.42 g
The serpent seen on the reverse of this bronze pentassarion from Marcianopolis (now Devnya, in Bulgaria) is a snake god known as ‘Glykon’. A cult that worshipped the snake god was introduced by the Greek prophet, Alexander of Abonutichus, in the mid-second century AD. The contemporary writings of Greek satirist Lucian of Samosata (c. AD 120-190) were extremely hostile, and comical, on the subject of Alexander and his snake cult. In his essay titled "Alexander the Oracle Monger" Lucian describes the protagonist as a false prophet and explains that the cult is a hoax with the Glykon god being nothing more than a hand-puppet! The cult itself was real enough, and an impressive and beautiful marble statue of the Glykon was discovered in 1962 in Constanta, Romania. The statue dates from the 2nd century and is currently the only cult statue of the deity known throughout the Roman Empire. The snake had some human features, such as hair and ears, and on this coin we can see that the snake has been given a beard. The cult may have originated in Macedonia, and spread beyond the Aegean by the mid second century AD. As with other snake cults, the focus of worship at the temple was fertility. Women would bring offerings to Glykon to increase their chances of becoming pregnant. According to Lucian, Alexander also had more ‘conventional’ methods of ensuring the Glykon worshippers became pregnant....
Varbanov 2102
An AE Pentassarion struck 222-224 AD in Marcianopolis
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander right, confronting diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa left; AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEZANΔPOC IOVΛIA MAICA·

Reverse: Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing half left, holding scales and cornucopia; VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦECTOV M(AP)KIANOΠOΛIT(ΩN) / E

Diameter: 25.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 11.12 g
Tiberius Julius Festus, consular legate
Moushmov 727